Clay Herman November 9, 2017 Latin America Challenge Center Square 2 The Mayans, Aztecs and Olmecs were Native American civilizations that lived in Central America long ago. The Olmecs lived as farmers in eastern Mexico starting around 1500 or 1600 B.C. The Olmecs built the first civilization in the Americas. They developed their own written language and built pyramids. Archaeologists still don’t know a lot about the Olmecs. They lived in villages and farmed. Their diet was very diverse containing lots of different meats, vegetables and fruits but over time corn became a more important part of their farming life. Olmecs were famous for making things out of rubber and for making giant heads out of blocks of stone. Not much is known about the Olmec religion but they did play a ceremonial game with a rubber ball where the losers were often sacrificed. …show more content…
They lived in the rain forest of the Yucatan peninsula. They began living in villages and then developed city states. The Mayans came to rule over part of Mexico, Belize and Guatemala. Mayan people were mostly farmers. They grew corn, beans and squash. They grew their crops using slash and burn farming. This means they cut down trees and burned them and then grew their crops where the trees were. The Mayans were very good at cutting and building stone. They made their city states out of stone buildings. The Mayans believed in many gods and built stone temples. They were a very sophisticated culture and studied the movement of the stars and built complex calendars. They also had a very strong knowledge of mathematics. The Aztecs moved to Lake Texcoco around 1250 A.D. They founded their capital there and called it Tenochtitlan. It is where Mexico City is now. The Aztec Empire lasted until 1521 when they were conquered by
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Everything was perfectly planned out. As the calendar says, they have to sacrifice one of their own to please the Gods. The Mayan people would get together as a whole to practice their religious ceremony at the temple. The Mayan and Aztec civilizations are two ancient civilizations that were located near Central and South America. The Mayan civilization was more remarkable than the Aztecs because of their advanced knowledge.
Before the arrival of Columbus in the Americas, there were several Mesoamerican civilizations throughout a period of thousands of years. Many of these civilizations attained remarkable accomplishments in fields, ranging all the way from mathematics to agriculture. In example, one renowned civilization, the Maya, developed a complex system of written language that enabled them to keep record of significant events. The Mayan city-states built magnificent temples for rituals and religious purposes that connected the kings to the gods. Additionally, many civilizations of Mesoamerica implemented advanced technologies, such as irrigation, which was considered crucial, especially to those residing in the deserts of the Southwestern parts of North
The Aztecs migrated to the shores of lake texcoco. To the people living in the valley they were disliked because they pushed others out of there way. The aztecs took over the people living in the valley and beyond. By 1434 were demanding tribute and military support from everybody they conquered. The aztecs believed in many gods and were recognized by a cycle of festivals and ceremonies that involved feasting, dancing, and sacrificing.
The Mexica people of Tenochtitlan, situated on an island in Lake Texcoco and the inhabitants of Tenochtitlan’s two principal allied city-states, the Acolhaus of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan, formed the Aztec Triple Alliance which has also become known as the “Aztec Empire”. Henan Cortes, along with a large number of Nahuatl speaking indigenous allies, conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztec Triple Alliance under the leadership of Moctezuma II. In the series of events often referred to as “The Fall of the Aztec Empire”. Subsequently the Spanish founded the new settlement of Mexico City on the site of the ruined Aztec capital.
The Olmec's were the first major civilization in Mesoamerica that lasted from about 1600-350 BCE. They lived in the tropical parts of south- central Mexico near the Gulf coast of what is now Tabasco and Veracruz. Using all the natural resources they were able to build great art and complexes made from stone and were able to advance in their society creating new inventions which helped their civilization last for about 1250 years. Their religion and culture became the "cradle" of the Mesoamerican culture because they laid many foundations for the civilizations to come, such a as the Aztecs and Mayans.
The article I chose was “Ancient City Found in Mexico; Shows Olmec Influence.” When the archeologist looked under a housing development they discovered the city Zazacatla more than 2,500 years old. However this wasn’t just any ancient city, this provided information on early trade throughout long distances and early development. There was also probable cause that suggests Olmec influences in the city. This may seem weird that there was an unknown city near central Mexico, however according to National Geographic; ninety-five percent of Mexico is unexplored.
It was in a rainforest and the cities were like big temples and pyramids and small houses. Their time periods and capitals were Pre, Golden, post and the capital was chichen itza. The Aztec’s location was located a bit above the Mayan empire. The Aztecs lived in a rain forest to. The city's were near water and were sometimes on water.
In the Western Hemisphere, no early civilization was more remarkable than the Maya. The Maya are the best-known classical civilizations of Mesoamerica, originating in the state in southeastern Mexico, Yucatan at around 2000 B.C. They rose to importance around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and northern Belize. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples. As being the most remarkable civilization in the Western Hemisphere, the Maya produced an extensive range of structures, and have left a great architectural legacy that places the Maya civilization as one of the great preindustrial civilizations of the world.
Tenochtitlan, their capital city state, is on an island in the texcoco lake. It is touching the gulf of mexico, in central america. The Aztec empire had pockets of land it was not able to conquer, but have managed to surround them. The southern edge of their boundaries are mountainous, so they have not really used the land for city states. The Balsas river comes into the center of the Aztec empire, and the city states around the lake have plenty of water.
The Mayans created many remarkable achievements. The Mayans lived in Mexico on the Yucatán Peninsula. During their time of reign in 500-1500, they invented many remarkable achievements by having enough power to influence their people. This added much power to their culture by achievements was available. There are four specific achievements like their trade network, the Mayan city of El Mirador, the number system, and the Mayan calendars.
They interpreted this as a sign from the Gods and built their capital there. The Aztecs were known for their fierceness, calendar system, architecture, agriculture, sacrifices, and more. While many remember the Aztecs as a cruel civilization, they should be remembered as an advanced civilization because of their advanced architecture, agriculture,
The Aztec Empire lasted from the year 1345 to the year 1521. During these years, the Aztec Empire was able to flourish all throughout central Mexico. Their capital was established on Teotihuacan, on top of a lake. The Aztec Empire alone was 117,501 miles squared long. The citizens of the Aztec Empire were feared all over Mexico.
Although there were some similar farming techniques between the two civilizations, there were many more differences. The Mayans had to deal with extremely wet plains and rough mountains. They built terraces, raised beds, and canals to irrigate water and make use of all the farming space possible. Meanwhile in Egypt, they also built canals to irrigate water from nearby rivers. However, they farmed on dry plains which meant there was no need for farmers to build good farm land.
Throughout time civilizations have risen and collapsed. Some were conquered while others simply disappeared. The Egyptian civilization thrived near the Nile River from 3000 B.C. and was later conquered by the Persian Empire around 525 B.C. In the other hand, the Mayan civilization developed in Yucatan Peninsula around 200 B.C., and mysterious disappeared around 900 A.D. However, these two cultures share many factors in common such as developing calendars and building pyramids. Even though civilizations developed in different time periods, they can still have many factors in common such as environment, language, and architecture.
They were located where the Valley of Mexico is now. Toltecs ruled region, but only small city states remained. In 1325 the Aztecs settled on the lake. Political (Leadership, citizenship, decision-making institutions) The Aztecs made alliances with other nearby city states and if they refused the Aztecs conquered them.