Beginning in the 18th century, many ancient civilizations began to decline including the Ottoman empire and the Qing dynasty. The Ottomans had reached their peak late in the 15th century. The turkic warriors demolished the Byzantine empire and established an Islamic society in much of the Balkans and the Mediterranean. To the east a new Chinese dynasty was emerging in the mid 17th century. The Qing emperors were not of Chinese descent, but were instead a nomadic group called the Manchu that conquered a declining Ming dynasty in 1644. The Manchu adopted many of the Chinese ways and allowed society to continue as it had. Although the decline of the Ottoman and the Qing dynasty had a few key similarities, the conditions of their fall …show more content…
By the 1870s the Ottomans had been driven out of the Balkans and lost a large portion of their territory. They were unable to keep Greece and Serbia under their reign and they lost the Crimean War with Russia in 1856. Unlike the Ottomans, the era of the Manchu saw a great expansion of Chinese territory. By conquering the nomadic groups to the West, the Qing was able to expand their territory. Outside contact also affected internal conditions. Western influences and manufacturing disrupted the existing social order among the Ottomans. The power of Muslim artisans and merchants were slowly replaced by the West. The Ottomans became more and more dependent on Europe to stimulate their economy. However, the Ottomans were partially sustained by the growing rivalries of Europe and often let the British aid in their desperate fight to maintain their empire, albeit reluctantly. The Manchu were very honorable and considered non-Chinese to be barbarians. Unfortunately, this thinking prevented the Chinese from learning from western technology and science. As a result the West was able to easily defeat the Qing in key battles such as the Opium War in 1839 to 1841. In contrast to the Ottomans, the Qing was unable to compromise with the West and Europe forced its way into China. However, both societies were influenced by Western methods, despite attempts to restore traditional ideology and campaigns by both Chinese
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“For legitimizing their rulership, founders of Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal Empire claimed to descend from certain historical, political or religious leaders. Explain how each of these imperial dynasties claimed such legitimacies and compare them in terms of similarities and differences in the process of establishing their authority.” ALİHÜSEYİN ALTUNBAŞ SOCIAL SCIENCES UNİVERCITY OF ANKARA The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires were three major Islamic empires (Gunpowder Empires) that emerged in the medieval period.
Throughout history there have been many Empires with their own history and culture. The Mughal and Ottoman Empires were both very significant empires that existed in the early modern period. The Mughal empire was located in current day South Asia in the 16th to the 19th centuries. The Ottoman empire on the other hand began from the base area in northwestern Anatolia and continued to spread to the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeastern Europe in between the 14th and early 20th century. Both The Mughal and Ottoman Empires had many similarities and differences whether it be political, social, or economic.
The Muslim world expanded tremendously during the 1300s to 1700s. The Ottoman Empire and Safavid Empire were two out of the three empires that had significant changes during these time. Though the Ottoman and Safavid Empire contrast on leaders and ways they rule, they similar on their declination and cultures. In the Ottoman Empire, multiples leaders contributed to the growth of the Empire. Ghazis were warriors for the Islam that followed strict Islamic rules.
The Opium Wars came from China 's attempts to suppress the trade and consumption f Opium. The first war took place from 1839 to 1842 and the second war was from 1856 to 1860. The Opium wars marked a new beginning in terms of China’s relationship with the west. Regular trade had been going on with the British since the arrival of the Portuguese in the 1600’s. As European economic power rose, Chines goods such as silk, porcelain and tea became highly sought after.
China’s Last Empire. The Great Qing. William T. Rowe. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. 360 pages including Emperors and Dynasties, Pronunciation Guide, Notes, Bibliography, Acknowledgements, Index, Maps and Figures.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy.
All the great empires , most notably the Byzantine and Mongols were all defeated after enjoying long periods of success. Mongols were successful because they were interacting with many countries because of their conquests. Conquering others allowed the trade routes in Asia to move north. All these great countries and civilizations were so successful , mostly in part that they all worked together and their ideas spread to one another.
The two empires share many traits, but they also differ in many ways. However, although similar, the Ottoman empire and Mughal empire are fundamentally different because of their view on religious tolerance, utilization of military successes, and women’s rights. To begin, the Ottoman and Mughal empires differ greatly in
All empires in history had a high in their history but they all eventually came to their demise. The Ottoman Empire and the Ming Dynasty both had ways they gained, consolidated and maintained their power while they were at their highest point. They had significant leaders that lead to these successful points. The Ottoman Empire covered parts of Asia, Europe and Africa controlled by their leader named Suleiman.
The Qing had Hung Taiji and Li Zicheng who were key instruments in taking over the Ming dynasty and Beijing. Both dynasties had eventful paths to power, many achievements while in power, and a particular decline in power. The empire that came first was the Ming dynasty. This group reigned for about 300 years and was in power from 1368-1644.
Europeans soon gained control over the Ottomans, just like they
Lake Brantley High School The Ottoman Empire A Journey Through Ancient Turkey Jonathan Landa Joanna Marino 1-4-16 The Ottoman Empire was probably the largest, richest and longest Turkish Muslim empires in history. At the peak of the empire, Constantinople was its capital city.