Comparing Foucault's Discipline And Punishment

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Penology is a system that a totalitarian government highly pays attention to. Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punishment traces the history of sovereign discipline and punishment from the medieval ages until the modern age in Western society. He argues that sovereign or authoritative punishment took four forms which are: torture – punishment – discipline – prison. Foucault examined the act of torturing and concluded that the public execution was ultimately an ineffective use of the body and non-economical, it also as applied non-uniformly and haphazardly. Thus, it was the antithesis of the more modern concerns of the state: order and generalization. However, the switch to prison was not immediate. Punishment became “gentle” though not for

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