Foucault’s motive in Discipline and Punish is to look at the past in order to explain the present condition. Foucault is trying to write History of the present and how it is made possible through contingent and discontinuous historical changes, unlike Hegelian progress of history. The body of the condemned opens with an account of the public torture and execution of the regicide Damien who tried to kill Louis XV in France in 1757. Foucault contrasts with Leon Faucher’s (a liberal French politician for young prisoners of Paris 1838) timetable, the genealogy of punishment from public spectacle to the elimination of such torture in punishment.
“War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” (Orwell 17). The chilling dystopia presented in 1984 exemplifies the malicious nature of totalitarian governments in their pursuit of power and the various methods implemented to achieve control over the population. Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity.
It is what truly, physically manipulates the freedom and speech of people to be deemed fit to control the population, an obvious example of limiting the intellectual freedom and creativity among people. A pronounced example of censorship in 1984 are the acts of the Ministry of Truth and the use of so-called “Memory Holes” to free the public of Big Brother’s inconsistencies. This is done by using “Speak-Write” machines to change news articles and pictures of the past to prove current party reports legitimate and favorable. Such was the work of Winston, as his job was to find these old articles and mark out the inconsistencies, changing history for the needs of the Party. He believes that if people are able to verify a claim with an external source, even a lie can become truth, as Winston
Han Feizi Mia Valenzuela Han Feizi also known as Han Fei began the teachings of Legalism during 200 B.C. His main idea was to make a system of strict punishments and harsh laws. He taught that humans were naturally made evil. He also believed that the government needed to issue harsh laws and stiff punishments to force them to do their duty. Han Feizi lived from 280 B.C. through 233 B.C., he had died from committing suicide.
“Throughout time, literature has been used as an instrument to revolt against social and political issues” This quote explains how literature has been used through out all these years and how it used violent action against an established government issues. A successful totalitarian government is when they have total control and access of the citizens and their social and personal life. Freedom is non existing if ruled under a totalitarian government. They rule through fear and only target on a specific religion and belief.
To begin, the foundation of every government’s power has always been fear. Governments depend on public fear to secure societal position. Tracing back to thousands of years ago, governments relied primarily on conquests. The research author Robert Higgs argues, “Losers who were not slain in the conquest itself had to endure the consequent rape and pillage and in the long term to acquiesce in the continuing payment of tribute to the insistent rulers.” In other words, Higgs’s point emphasizes that the government violently conquested lands and hence attacked people living there in the old times.
In 1984, a dystopian novel written by George Orwell, proles are represented as being generally incompetent in the ability to think and rebel against their stolen rights. However, as the story progresses, Winston comes to a realization that proles are the only ones with the character of human beings and the strength to gain consciousness to overthrow the party. Through this characterization of the proles, Orwell satirizes the detrimental effects of Stalin’s totalitarian government in employing total control and perpetual surveillance of the people in USSR to maintain an established hierarchy. The nature of how the system views the proles is clearly visible through the treatment and description of the proles in the eyes of Winston.
Language as a form of mind control in 1984 and Brave New World Although one 's idea of Utopianism is unique to one’s beliefs, the genre of Utopian and Dystopian fiction is commonly tackled in novels, from which the authors convey the idea of a depraved society through detailing inhumane characteristics which would be seen unacceptable to any world citizen. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, and 1984 by George Orwell authors create tyrannical governments responsible for a set of callous actions such as the eradication of freedom of speech and ideological control over their population’s mentality. These wrongdoings are achieved through the application of methods that obligate people to act as machines, such as the ad campaigns in Brave New World and the implementation of the Newspeak dictionary in 1984. As Orwell creates the ministry of truth as a means to demonstrate the lack of ideological freedom in oceania, Huxley discusses the concept of World Controllers and the use of SOMA as examples of the alienated society of Brave New World.
Of all the readings that we discussed on solitary confinement, I think the most frequent analysis is the extensive description that Jack Henry Abbott "" and Charles Dickens"" on prison systems as a form of punishment, in some ways that grasp the readers imagery. We also talked on what is punishment and justice, as well as the theories of justice that considers punishment. Charles Dickens observation of prison system believes that it's to strict and terrible, in my mind judgment thought it's suppose to make offenders suffer for what they've done to victims and why care on what punishment they receive. However turned my opinion on feeling a little sorry for the offenders because I can not go three days stuck in a room nonetheless 24/7. On the
Suzanne Collins’ novel The Hunger Games is about stereotyping and dehumanization as ways government uses to control ordinary citizens of Panem. The main character, Katniss Everdeen, is forced to take part in the Hunger Games, which is one of the main approaches to dominate over the country. Even though Katniss is pressed to face various difficulties, the novel focuses on political and social problems that are faced in modern society. The definition of the word dehumanization by Merriam-Webster is to ‘depriving human qualities, personality, or split’.
In states of emergence the ideas are there but the logic isn 't and that is what you get from this story. Not that it 's not true, but that it’s not organized linearly, which in fact may be more true than a story that was crafted in an organized fashion. When people tell stories they edit and spice to give the reader or listener a clean line of events. But life is not clean and orderly it is a mas confusion and chaotic mess.
Then in Piers Plowman, William Langland satirizes the high authority, and emphasizes the value of labor. Lastly in the Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl Poet shows how values can be broken in order to survive. All together medieval society was twisted and wicked due to the fact how people weren 't
In Europe, for example, Beccaria’s disciples included William Eden, who wrote “Principles of Penal Law” in 1771 (Bessler, 2009). Beccaria’s writing had an impact on John Howard, who was opposed to both capital punishment and corporal punishment in England (Bessler, 2009). In 1777, John Howard, who was best known as a prison reformer, published a detailed account of the terrible conditions of British prisons and called for changes in the treatment of prisoners. He decried the filth of the prisons, the avarice of their keepers, and the neglect of the magistrates who were charged with overseeing both. He made detailed recommendations for the proper running of prisons (Bessler,
Since the 18th century, deterrence was the guiding principle when it came to the handling of criminals. The forms of punishment were banishment, brutality, and the frequent use of barbaric forms of punishment and execution ultimately gave way in the late 1700s to a treatment philosophy espoused by the Quakers in Pennsylvania, who opposed the undisciplined management and violent conditions of the Philadelphia jail (Midgley, Livermore, 2009). Soon after the first wave of deinstitutionalization in the United States, when state hospitals radically downsized subsequent to the passage of the Mental Retardation Facilities and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963 (Midgley, Livermore, 2009).
Some will argue that no resolution is enough for some teams, but if that is so then there is no harm in a topic badly in need of discussion and the negatives framework ground is greatly improved by the number of topical affirmatives available to a critical affirmative. The topic provides plenty of core policy making ground in the areas of prison