The Athenians allowed wealthy girls to go to school, but most were expected to stay at home and learn how to manage the household. Even though the Spartans and the Athenians had many differences, they also had many similarities. One similarity is that only citizens could take part in government. Although the requirements for being a citizen were different, you still had to be a citizen to
While ancient civilizations had commonly put their women in the lower level of the society, the Etruscans treated their women differently. Etruscan women are known to be taken seriously and enjoyed a great deal of freedom and equality with that of men. For instance, while most Roman societies considered symposiums, such as those that included festive drinking, sex and the involvement in the sharing of thoughts to be an all-man’s affair, it was not so among the Etruscans. Women in the Etruscan society are allowed to attend banquets, and share a toast with men, signifying how they are equally treated in the society. While historians have difficulty interpreting the literary works of the Etruscans, they shifted their focus on other archaeological
The Athenian and the Spartan civilizations were very unique and different but the people shared many similar ideas. The Athenians believed that their government was original and that everyone should participate directly in government. On the other hand, the Spartans believed that every man should train for the military. Both the Spartans and Athenians believed in an equal society where the members were devoted to the polis. During this time, Athens supported a democracy.
Their policies and methods of colonization were consistent in every region they conquered because of this fact. The British colonies were inconsistent because the they were controlled by both the king and stock companies, which meant that different colonies had different incentives to settle. This hybrid of authority in each region meant that the North American colonies cannot be studied thematically as a whole, rather they must be analyzed as individual cases. These differences were determined by the motivations to settle the colonies and what environment the people lived
“The assembly also passed laws and made decisions for war.”(Brand, n.d.) Both Athens and Sparta agreed that every government operated better under an established law. Every grouping of people, needed order to thrive and the masses needed something to dictate what they could and could not do, so their had to be something that stated both social and legal boundaries. Both city-states agreed on that and found a way to make a government that worked best for their established guidelines, both also decided to exclude women and slaves from their governmental structures and felt that an established grouping of selected men would be in power. The differences between these two city-states would be that, “Aristocratic cities like Sparta were oligarchies. (Brand, n.d.)” meaning the ruling of a few.
The roles and expectations of women were based on the perception that women were inferior to men. Frist, there were numerous tasks and roles for women in the 17th century. Women were to obey and serve their husbands which included tending to their children, maintaining the household, and other chores around the house. Governor John Winthrop stated, “A ‘true wife’ would find contentment only in subjection to her husband’s authority.” (George Brown Tindall, 110) The modal woman at this time was one who would silently do as she was told by her husband. However, there were other roles for women.
The value of a woman’s role in society was often measured by the purity of marriage in which one partook. “The myths locate fears about women’s roles in exchange within the context of marriage, or rather its failure, showing how deeply intertwined with anxiety about women’s fidelity.” (Lyons 109) In Greek Mythology, rules don’t always apply to the Gods and Goddesses and can avoid or intervene in the affairs of mortals. One mortal, Phaedra, received this divine interference, but the practice of Greek law, also, was not her favor. Due to the social constructs of everyday Hellenistic activity, the transfer into a written medium sealed Phaedra’s fate in more ways than one. Though mythology is seen as fantasy and governing morals, it gives us further insight on women and the male expectation.
A representative democracy is a form of government where electives are chosen to make major decisions. Direct and representative democracies are two very different types of government. Since direct democracies involve everyone voting, it is only appropriate in civilizations or groups with small populations, such as Greece. Representative democracies use elected officials, so it works well with larger populations, such as Rome or the United States. Even though there are so many differences
Furthermore, Puritan women were expected to be “one with their husband”, meaning that the husband could control their wife by dictating her decisions (Deering). In today’s society, women are free to do as they choose. Women are allowed to work and decide how many children they want to have. These decisions were previously made by the woman’s husband. In the Puritan times, women were required to stay at home and tend to the children.
Jane Austen lived in a period at the turn from the eighteenth century to the nineteenth century, which was a period of mixed thoughts, which conflicted all the times. Among all the conflicts, the most important one was the disparity in social status between men and women. Not only men’s status was in the center of the society but also common people thought it was right that men were much more important than women were. In those days girls were neither allowed nor expected to study much because they did not have to work for a living. They were supposed to stay at home and look beautiful in order to get suitable husbands.
With the Articles of Confederation, one strength was that the power was spread out over the country. This lets all states help decide what’s best for the nation, instead of the central government have all the power. A weakness to this is that it might lead to a lack of unity within the United States. Another positive to this type of government is the ability for each state to have different laws. This allows each state to do what’s best for themselves.