The princess Elizabeth was born when instead, everybody was expecting a boy. Knowing that she must give birth to a boy soon to please her husband, Anne got several miscarriages before Henry sparked interest in her lady-in-waiting – Jane Seymour. To get rid of her, Anne Boleyn was charged with treason in May of 1536, for adultery, incest, and plotting to murder Henry VIII. Although these charge most likely had no factual basis, Anne Boleyn was beheaded on Tower Green at the discretion of the King. Immediately after his wife’s execution, Henry married Jane, who was never crowned Queen.
She reversed the Protestant reform progress and threw out all previous reforms, executed or exiled many Protestants for heresy, and gave the pope his authority back. Once Mary died though, Elizbeth took the throne and, to maintain the Protestants support, reinstated the Act of supremacy and reintroduced the Book of Common Prayer. She did try to gain Catholic’s support as well but by the end of her reign, Catholicism was against the law. Being a priest was even considered a crime that led to many accusations of treason. It was under Elizabeth’s rule that Protestantism was able to
Biography Of Cleopatra Queen Cleopatra VII was born the daughter of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra tryphaena. the Alexandrians. Her mother died shortly after she was born. At this time, her father remarried and had three sons, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy XIV, and a daughter Arsinoe IV. The members of this family would spend the rest of their lives conspiring against one another for the best prize, being able to rule over Egypt unrivaled.
King Edward VI did away with all the catholic statues, stained glass in the churches and introduce the common book of prayer. After King Edward died at age 15, his half sister, how was a diehard catholic, mary, took the throne (Life in Elizabethan days: 148). When Mary took throne, she was devoted to restoring catholicism in England(Life in Elizabethan days: 148). Mary burned over 300 protestant heretics and heresy, she also believed anyone believing or practicing any religion other than the one recognized by the crown was related to treason. After Mary, her sister Elizabeth took throne.
Because of King Henry’s obsession with having a son, he was furious when Anne gave birth to a girl and accused her of adultery and incest. Despite this false accusation, King Henry had his wife executed when Elizabeth was only two years old. After her parents’ marriage was invalidated, Elizabeth was deemed illegitimate and was no longer first in line to the throne of England. Her title changed from Princess Elizabeth to Lady Elizabeth.
Eventually, this incident caused Victoria's popularity soared. In 21 November 1840, Victoria’s first daughter, as well as named Victoria, was born. Queen Victoria really hated pregnancy, breast-feeding, and she thought newborn babies were ugly. Nevertheless, over the next seventeen years, she and Albert had eight children. Moreover, most of her kids married into the other Europe Royal
Even though Queen Elizabeth II has had the authority and power over the nation for a long time, she tried to change her mind when her position as a queen was threatened by the nation, who were upset with the royal family ignoring the death of princess Diana. While walking, Queen Mother Elizabeth kept emphasizing the nobility and dignity of Queen Elizabeth II. In her view, her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II, is the greatest asset that the institution has. Since born as a member of loyal family cannot be learnable, I assume this scene and Queen Mother Elizabeth as an example of traits-based theory. Behavior based theory is regarded as learnable leadership style, unlike trait based theory.
“Henry’s VIII’s relationship with the pope soon disintegrated when he tried to have his marriage with Catherine of Aragon annulled” (Kinsella 225). Henry then broke away with the Catholic Church and the Church of England was established. “Henry has five wives after Catherine of Aragon, they were Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleve, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr” (Kinsella 225). Jane Seymour bore King Henry VIII’s only son, Edward VI. Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth I in 1533, two years before she was executed.
This worried Swift’s mother, so in order to allow her only son to receive the best upbringing possible, she handed him over to Godwin Swift, the brother of her late husband. Under the care of his uncle, Swift thrived, and at age fourteen, he commenced his undergraduate studies at Trinity College. After all his studies were complete, Swift graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree. However, when Swift reached the age of twenty-one, the Glorious Revolution of 1688 forced him to relocate to England. After moving to England, he received a job working as a secretary under Sir William Temple.
Charles I son of James VI of Scotland tries to enforce the Divine Right of Kings but faces opposition from Parliament this begins the English Civil war. Charles I then makes several mistakes including marrying Henrietta of France, who was a Catholic yet England was Protestant. All mistakes have consequences and King Charles first consequence was a strained and wounded marriage to his wife Henrietta. Charles often got into trouble, and one of the times was when he tried to impose a new prayer book in Scotland. This angered the Scots and they went to War against England.
Philip II had been contemplating an invasion on England, however, due to Spain’s financial situation, the ability of taking on such an operation made the King reluctant. After the execution of the Roman Catholic, Mary Queen of Scots, he wanted to seek revenge. Being married to Mary Tudor and equally like her wishing to see England return to Roman Catholicism, Philip was determined, as well as being backed by a country which was known as the strongest Catholic nation in Europe. Many factors influenced his decision; however, in 1585 Elizabeth contributed to his decision to attack. This was through Elizabeth helping the Protestants in the Netherlands when they revolted against their Spanish overlords led by the Duke of Parma.
During Henry VIII reign needed an heir to rule England after his death. Henry VIII married the widow of his late brother, Katherine of Aragon and had hoped to have a son. Katherine gave birth to a daughter named Mary and Henry decided to divorce Katherine and marry again to gain a male an heir to the throne. The pope would not let Henry get an annulment to Catherine because he did not want to upset Catherine’s nephew the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. In 1553, Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn and she became pregnant while still married to Catherine. The second wife of Henry, Anne Boleyn, gave birth to a daughter named Elizabeth.
Elizabeth Tudor was crowned the queen of England at Westminster Abbey, London, on the 15 January 1558. Elizabeth I was crowned after the reign of three family members had failed to reign their country properly or died during their reign. Queen Elizabeth became heir to a country that was weak and bankrupt. The nation was torn by religious differences and pawn by France and Spain.