Congenital Heart Disease Research Paper

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Congenital Heart Disease
In this paper I will talk about congenital heart defect (CHD). This is also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease. It is a problem in the structure of the heart. I will tell you how it is acquired, signs, symptoms, medications to help it, and about lab test done to keep track of it.
According to the American Heart Association, eight out of every 1,000 babies born in the U.S. have a congenital heart defect a problem that occurs as the baby 's heart is developing during the gestation period, before the baby is even born. Congenital heart defects are one of the most common birth defects. A baby 's heart begins to develop at conception, but is completely formed eight weeks into the
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If the body does not receive enough oxygen with these heart problems the baby will be cyanotic, or have a blue coloring. Also babies with CHD can suffer from too little blood to travel to the body. These defects are a result of underdeveloped chambers of the heart or blockages in blood vessels that prevent the proper amount of blood from traveling to the body to meet its needs. Many kids who have congenital heart defects don 't need treatment and some do. Doctors repair congenital heart defects with catheter procedures or surgery. Every now and then doctors join catheter and surgical procedures to restore difficult heart defects. The management your child receives relies on the type and severity of his or her heart defect. Other factors include your child 's age, size, and general health. Some children who have complex congenital heart defects may need several catheter or surgical procedures over the years, or they may need to take medicines for years. Catheter procedures are much easier on patients than surgery. They entail a needle puncture in the skin where the catheter is inserted into a vein or an…show more content…
In 1969, Cooley ' performed a heart transplantation in a 2-month-old infant with an atrioventricular canal defect. From 1967 to 1980, cardiac transplantation was performed only occasionally in children. Most young patients who received heart transplants during that time were adolescents. Since the early 1980s, however, the number of heart transplantations in pediatric patients has increased, primarily because of the availability of cyclosporine.2 When Bailey performed xenotransplantation of the heart on Baby Faye in 1984, the need for donors in the pediatric, and even the neonatal, agegroup was brought to everyone 's attention.3 Heart transplantation is now an accepted therapeutic option for infants and older children with severe congenital heart disease and

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