Giving choices and allowing children to choose their daily activities helps to build autonomy. Hedrick (1996) suggest that providing choices for children is a fundamental aspect of high-quality early childhood curriculum. It is also cited in as one of the principles of developmentally appropriate practice which states, “Following their own interests, children choose among various activities…” (Bredekamp & Copple, 1996). As we provide children with choices in their daily activity, educators need to understand the importance of the choices given to children in their class. Such classroom set up reflects a child - centered approach rather than teacher - centered.
Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP)? Illustrate how DAP is child-centered? “Developmentally Appropriate Practice, often shortened to DAP, is an approach to teaching grounded in the research on how young children develop and learn and in what is known about effective early education. Its framework is designed to promote young children’s optimal learning and development.” (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2009) DAP is a tool that guides teachers in making good decisions for the children, both as individuals and as part of a group, based on their understanding of the child’s development and learning as well as in setting learning goals that are both challenging and realisable for the children. In a developmentally
Some pros that I could see in implementing this in the classroom is that students are getting early exposure to differences in color, language, gender and physical ability of people different from themselves. Students are also being exposed in a safe environment where they can continue to grow their knowledge on diversity. Along with exposure teachers are also able to share teachable moments with students through questioning and different activities. In contrast there are also some cons. One significant con that I can think of is that some of the topics may be sensitive and be too deep for students of such a young age to comprehend.
The children will be directed by the teacher, but work independently and learning to make decisions on their own. I believe that the Creative Curriculum approach would be an effective model in the early childhood education because the classroom’s environment in which a child is in, affects their emotional/social, language, physical, literacy,and cognitive
We need to create a philosophy that breaks this one size fits all mold. We know that children have different learning styles, which make different methods of instruction more or less effective for them. We also know that today's new technologies offer the prospect of individualizing education for each child and gearing instruction to the student's particular learning style and most effective means of instruction. We have learned so much about education since today's schools were created. With this new found information we need to use it and create building blocks for our future generations.
Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5). Allowing children to learn to think critically helps them to solve problems and have a logical argument about something they believe is true. Applying critical thinking into schools gives a child a chance to make a difference. Also, Elizabeth McKinstry agrees with Hummell in challenging the next generation to think for themselves. McKinstry writes about how Common Core education helps children become more interactive in the world and teaches them how to apply the knowledge they have learned in life.
It also talks about the importance of play in early childhood education. Early Education Curriculum, stresses the importance of schedules as well as having a plan in your classroom. This book can be useful to everyone from a preschool teacher, to a mother trying to homeschool her child. It gives a number of different examples of schedules and examples
I will use this knowledge to develop meaningful, integrated, and active learning and play experiences to develop the whole child for students in early childhood through fourth grade. I will have a philosophy of high academic expectations, fairness in the learning community and developmental responsiveness, generated by positive and productive learning environments. The importance of helping students in early childhood through twelfth-grade apply life skills is something I must know. I need to be aware of the rationale for proper middle-level education and how middle-level schools are organized to address the characteristics and requirements of young adolescent students. I will be able to see the typical challenges that students will face during later childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood, and be able to help them
Leesa McKenzie 101532630 Constructs of Childhood How we view children has changed multiple times throughout history and within different cultural contexts, however it’s these constructs that we place on children that directly impacts their developing personalities and sense of self. Reese Sorin and Greta Galloway in ‘Constructs of childhood: Constructs of self’ (2006) argued that there are 10 specific constructs placed on children. These constructs are dependent on the ever evolving social and cultural aspects around us, our own personal beliefs and values and the expectations we as a society place on children. As a future educator, it is important to see through these constructions and understand the implications they may have on children
This is then followed by the connections between the key concepts and the cognitive development of children which will an educator’s developing pedagogy. Finally, an outline of the strengths and outlines of Piaget 's theory. The significant Piaget’s key concepts to understand children’s learning and development: Jean Piaget formulated a model which determined a way of how a human’s mind gathers and organises information. Bormanaki and Khoshhal (2017 pg997) state "according to Piaget 's research; human beings have two basic tendencies of thinking." The first tendency is an organisation which is “ongoing process of arranging information and experience into mental systems or categories” (Woolfolk, Margetts 2016 pg81).
• What are the strengths of this assessment tool? This assessment allows for a more individualized approach to planning for specific children, while providing support to all. Using observation and anecdotal assessments provides multiple opportunities to view children learning and provides a more realistic view of their learning than an assessment, which only allows for right or wrong answers. • What are the weaknesses of this assessment tool? It is critical that observations be free of bias and objective, a skill that needs to be developed and can be a challenge for some teachers.
In this case a lot of what is planned in the document involves adult – child interactions and situations that allow for teachable moments. Emergent curriculums connects learning with previous experiences and knowledge, includes the interests of children and responds to those interests rather than focusing on narrow topics that may be irrelevant (Mielekamp, 2005). I developed many of my activities based off of my observations, interpretations and interactions with the children. The curriculum is designed to be flexible to meet the ever-changing curiosities and needs of the child. This aspect of the emergent curriculum is beneficial as using children’s interests can serve as a vehicle into other entry points for exploration, learning and development to occur.
I would like to teach preschool and kindergarten. Literacy is important to teach. Literacy Strategy Chart is use to critical think and strengthens for reading. Use a Literacy Strategy Chart can help build upon prior knowledge or thoughts about the topic by sharing interesting facts. I would like to use it more often.