Notes: Tropical Cyclone Tracey caused an impact in economy of about 950 million dollars in. Also, Tropical Cyclone Tracey lead to a loss in population which dropped the people in jobs decimating local businesses. Tropical Cyclone Tracey destroyed over 9000 homes. Most of the buildings were not built to cyclone regulations despite they were in the cyclone belt. This would have cost them lots of money to rebuild everything again and would have taken a long time to regrow the environment to how it was before.
Hurricane Katrina’s Recovery Ten years ago Hurricane Katrine made history by being one of the worst hurricanes to make landfall. It was ranked as one of the deadliest hurricanes in the US history causing over $100 billion dollars in damages. There were over 1,800 confirmed deaths due to Katrina. Hurricane Katrina destroyed over 1 million acres throughout the Gulf Coast and over 80% of New Orleans was flooded. Most of New Orleans was below water for days and many other areas were under water for weeks.
The devastation of hurricane Irma was wide-spread and will take years to fully recover from. The total damage Hurricane Irma caused is calculated to be around $100 billion. The damage ranged from destruction of houses and building to 6.8 million people being without electricity (O’Hara, Kristy). The storm caused 38 casualties in the Caribbean and 34 in Florida. Irma flooded the entire area, leaving some places with hip-high water; buildings were lost, and caused destruction to anything that stood in the way.
Category 4 hurricanes start to cause catastrophic damage. They cause brutal flooding and this hurricane type begins to kill many people. Category 5 hurricanes are major storms that cause fatal damage and usually have a death toll of around one-hundred people. They have wind speeds of 157 mph and
Hurricane Katrina: The Devastation of a Nation August 29th 2005, the day Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans caused mass destruction and claimed the lives of many. The day the hurricane touched down it scored in at a category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale which puts it in the “major” category meaning “devastating” damage will occur. I don’t think anybody realized the mass amount of damage Katrina would really cause, it took lives, homes, land and so much more. Katrina originated in the Bahamas on August 23th and after it struck there it started making its way for the US. The day before the hurricane struck many people had already evacuated their cities but Mr. Nagin the mayor of New Orleans said he would not put out a mandatory
The theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with obvious set of principles and rules regardless of results. Deontological ethics focuses on duties, and rights. The term deontological was coined by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham, who described it as “knowledge of what is right or proper” Bentham thought that deontology points in the direction of principle of utility. But contemporary philosophers use the term deontological to indicate a contrast with the utilitarian focus on the consequences of action. Instead of focusing on consequences, deontological ethics focus on duties and obligation: things we ought to do regardless of the consequences.
“Realm of Ends” formulation of the categorical imperative, states that we must “act in accordance with the maxims of a member giving universal laws for merely possible kingdom of ends.” (4:439) It acts as a social contract. Kant further explains it that “a rational being belongs as a member of the kingdom of ends when he gives universal laws in it but is also himself subject to those laws.” (4:434) Being subject to a law does not contradict with the concept of a rational being as an end in itself, because it is not like a slavery since it is not subject to arbitrary will. Just the opposite, since it draws central points from the first and second formulation, “the will of a member could regard itself as at the same time giving universal law through its maxim” (4:434) and no member will see another member as a mere mean. On the other hand, autonomy is not equal to self-mastery. For Kant, it is essentially social.
(Hunter, 2001, p.306) There is no exception for rational individuals in the world to escape from the law of categorical imperative. The presentation of categorical imperative is somehow like a test of morality (Hunter, 2001, p.306), rather than just a moral concept. Moral maxim is of vital necessity in the determination of morality for an action. From Kant’s view, an action can be treated as moral when it is motivated by one’s maxim, while it also suits the universal law. (Hunter, 2001, p.306) Therefore, it can be concluded that moral maxim is the standard of deciding whether an action is moral or not.
Different from consequentialism, people who tend to have the mind set of a deontologist believe that you should do your ethical duty, regardless of the outcome. Immanuel Kant designed ‘The Categorical Imperative’ theory which was associated with the fact that it was commanding us to practice our morals and desires in a specific way which was exercised through two rules. Kamm (2000) claims that these components were to ‘(1) treat persons as ends in themselves and (2) do not treat them as mere means’. Kamm is basically suggesting that we seek happiness of others, as that is morally right, however fulfill capacities of one’s own intellect. From following both of these we arrive at an imperative and it is categorical.
Natural disasters are a nature’s events and are uncontrollable, although predictable. They include typhoons , rainy season flooding, tornadoes and tsunami. An article in the Guardian states that a study has revealed natural disaster has displaces three times as many people as war in 2013. An average of 27 million people a year or 42 million in total in 2010 have lost their homes ( Guardian.com,2014). A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls.
Roads were impassable and transportation that was expected to evacuate tens of thousands never arrived. There was a major blackout - the city came to a standstill. The result, not less than 1,400 people died and more displaced. Was this great city disfigured beyond repair? Could this city ever recover?
Over fifty people died from flooding and mudslides. Sandy became even stronger as it moved from Hispaniola to Cuba. Fifty-five thousand people were evacuated. The storm hit Santiago de Compostela, Cuba’s second largest city. Sandy became the deadliest hurricane to hit Cuba.
Furthermore, Hurricane Katrina effected over a million people, thousands remained displaced a month after the storm passed, since the body count outweighed the number of shelters. Prior to landfall, the doors to the Superdome opened and approximately 16,000 people sought refuge there, but 16,000 would not even make a dent in 70,000 people who sought shelter after the storm. After Katrina took her path through the south (dissipating near the Great Lakes), the damage continued. As the shelters arose, FEMA officials became aware with that fact that their accommodations would not be enough. “More than one million people in the Gulf region were displaced by the storm.