Unit 2 Assignment: Diagnostic Writer’s Response Whether it is a little or a lot, everyone experiences stress at some point. Stress does not always have a negative effect, most of the time the effects can be positive. On the other hand stress is associated with the development of most major mental health problems such as depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and pathological aging (Marin, 2011). It has also been linked to all leading physical causes of death such as heart disease, cancer and stroke (Cohen, Janicki-Deverts, & Miller, 2007).
Compare and contrast biological and psychological explanations of major depression Major depression is an illness that plagues society. It can be labeled as “a mood disorder that is characterized by extreme and persistent feelings of despondency, worthlessness and hopelessness that can last for weeks and/or months at a time,” (Fahoum, n.d.). Loss of interests, low self-esteem, and negativity can all be symptoms experienced by someone with major depressive disorder. In this essay, similarities and differences will be apparent in the biological and psychological explanation of this disorder. Biological explanations meaning genetic conditions and psychological meaning the way people interpret things internally or mentally.
Biological Explanations of Depression The biological explanations of depression refers to two factors one being neurotransmitter dysfunction and the other being inherited genes. The biological approach towards the neurotransmitter would explain how depression is associated with low levels of serotonin within the brain which would affect the functioning of the brain. This is associated with maladaptive behavior e.g. anger, mood disorder and anxiety. In terms of inherited genes the biological approach
Those who live in a perpetual state of poverty or unemployment also experience poor mental health. The Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health explains that ongoing occurrences of economic difficulties were associated with worse mental health compared to those in better financial situations (Lallukka et al., 2013). The National Center for Health Statistics provides backing for this data, expressing that depression was the most common mental illness in those below the poverty level (2011). As seen in the data below, each age group experience depression five times more often when in poverty (2011, p. 38). Poverty-stricken adults experience the common trend of poor mental health when compared to their financially stable counterparts.
Clinical depression is a complex condition and symptoms can vary greatly from patient to patient. To complicate matters even more, it can be difficult to imagine what depression is like if you have never experienced it firsthand. Despite these issues, there are a few hallmarks and common symptoms of depression that can help you identify a possible case in yourself, a friend or family member. For good or ill, the quality and dynamics of your relationship will either encourage, support, and help build you up - or it will drag you down and lead you further down the path toward depression and low self esteem. If your partner is loving, respectful, and supportive, you are more likely to experience a positive benefit.
Depression is defined by the Mayo Clinic as “a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called…clinical depression, it affects how [a person feels, thinks and behaves] and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. [A sufferer] may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes [may feel as if their] life isn 't worth living” (2015). According to the textbook, approximately twenty percent of Americans will develop major depression in their lifetimes (Etaugh, Bridges, 2013). Among those twenty percent of Americans who suffer from major depression, “women are about twice as likely as men to develop” the condition (Nolen-Hoeksema 2001).
Personal narrative Depression can be a monster and destroy the lives of people, but in my case it help me express my emotions better by helping me be more honest with myself. Depression has never been alien to me. Since middle school I have danced with the devil. I do not know what triggered it then, but it was mostly likely hormones. Despite that ever looming sadness over my head, I was still doing well in school, at least as best as I could do, I still hung out with people and I was still social when I had to be.
However, mental health can be causes by many different factors, for instance unemployment or a lower living standard (Nocon & Owen, 2006). Moreover, the lifestyle of individuals, e.g. whether they smoke, drink alcohol, are stressed, their diet and amount of physical activity all contribute on their health statuses, and can be especially related to cardiovascular diseases or diabetes (Nocon & Owen, 2006). Nevertheless, these risk factors can all be addressed and
Peer pressure is quite the controversial matter today. It is the feeling that someone your own age is pushing you toward making a certain choices, good or bad.(The Cool Spot). The level of peer influence generally increases as children grow and it has become an important influence on behavior during adolescence. Many researches and surveys have been done to find the answer to the question whether peer pressure is beneficial or harmful for teenagers. While Karcher &Finn (2005) claimed that peer pressure is the biggest factor result in bad behavious of adolescents; Bukowski (1998) and Salvy (2011) argued that pressure from peers can bring amazing benefits for them.
Depression affecting our lives People that have depression in their life is very common. About more than 16 million people experience major depression, which can affect you everyday. Depression is an extremely serious mental illness and can have a major impact on how you feel, and how you act. This mental illness can affect you in many different ways; physically, emotionally, and mentally. All people can experience sadness, but depression can change a person’s behavior, socialization, and physical being.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction The Oxford Dictionary (2016) defines depression as the feelings of dejection and despondency. Depression can also be defined as having guilty feelings and lacking of energy, appetite and sleep. According to Beck (1976), there are four levels of depression; minimal depression, mild depression, moderate depression and severe depression. Self-esteem can be defined as the level of confidence in one's own worth or abilities. According to Rosenberg (1965), there are two levels of self-esteem; low self-esteem and high self-esteem.
Loneliness People experience loneliness as a negative emotion that arises from a discrepancy between desired and achieved levels of social contact (Tan et al., 2013). One can experiences loneliness whether they are surround by several people or not; Tan, Pamuk, and Donder (2013) proposed that the multiplicity of social relations does not matter, instead the quality of these interactions matter. The absences of satisfying needs for attachment and belonging may increase the levels of loneliness one will experience (Reid & Reid, 2007). Lonely individuals can feel empty, or angry.
When students go home after school they should be able to relax right? In an ideal world students should just be able to take there bag off and chill, go out with friends, play video games or go play sports at the park or something right, but no. Nowadays the average high school teenager has to go home, sit down at a table and basically continue school for another two-three hours. We have to do homework almost immediately after school because if we don’t then we will be up until 12 or later doing homework. Not to mention the students athletes that come home late anyway from practices/games and then have to take a shower, eat dinner and then sit down to finish all of their homework.
PEER PRESSURE Peer pressure, a term that may or may not have affected you when you were a teenager but as a teenager myself, peer pressure has definitely made an impact on my life, be it good and bad. In the age of 10 to 19, teenagers tend to have the most difficult times. Teenagers feel peer pressure everyday in their lives, whether it’s in school or outside. During the teenage period, teens try to find their identity and differentiate from their parents by joining peer groups and sometimes these peer groups may offer bad advices and negative choices to teens.
Introduction: Many people have been in situations where they have been sad or depressed, today we can say that depression is an illness or disorder that affects an individuals ' mind and body. Moments of depression can be a normal coping mechanism during life struggles, a normal response to loss, or a damaged self-esteem. When feelings of intense sadness including feelings of helpless, hopeless and worthiness last for a substantial amount of days, it can keep one from functioning normally. Depression may be something more than sadness. It can very well be clinical depression which is a treatable medical condition.