Diabetes Melitus Case Study

1046 Words5 Pages
Understanding Diabetes and Knowing How to Control It Better

There are two major types of Diabetes Mellitus. You have the Type I diabetes mellitus, which is DM caused by an autoimmune disorder. This type usually begins in childhood. In this condition, the pancreas is no longer producing the adequate amount of insulin, so the glucose level is increased in the bloodstream. Insulin is very important because it attaches to the cells and sends a signal to start absorbing sugar from the bloodstream.

You also have Type 2 DM. This is the most common form and is usually caused by diet and lifestyle choices. In this condition, the pancreas is producing insulin, but the amount may be insufficient or the cells of the body are insulin-resistant, meaning the insulin are not
…show more content…
The most common symptoms of diabetes mellitus are the three Ps:
• Polyphagia, which is excessive thirst and increased fluid intake.
• Polyuria, which is increased urination.
• Polyphagia, which is excessive appetite.

These three symptoms form a vicious cycle. Because sugar is not being absorbed by the cells, a signal will be sent to the brain that the cells are “hungry.” The brain will then send back a signal to eat and drink more (polyphagia and polyuria) to increase the energy level as well as decrease the increasing blood sugar level. Because of increased fluid intake, there will also be an increased urinary frequency (polyuria). However, since glucose is not absorbed properly due to insulin problems, the cycle will be repeated.

Other symptoms of diabetes mellitus include:
• Fatigability due to low energy level.
• Dehydration due to increased urinary frequency. This also leads to dry and itchy skin.
• Blurry vision due to high sugar level that causes swelling of the lens.
• Slow-healing wounds due to high sugar level that impedes normal blood flow.
• Tingling, numbness, and pain in the distal extremities due to peripheral nerve damage.
• Weight

More about Diabetes Melitus Case Study

Open Document