Insecure attachment is “characterized by fear, anxiety, anger, or indifference.” (Berger 2014, pg.193). An infant becomes insecurely attached to his caregiver when the child has learned that there are no positive effects to emotional expressions. For example, when a caregiver allows the child to “cry it out” and is unresponsive to the child’s needs, the child will learn that his needs will not be fulfilled by others. This results in the child not being able to develop any emotional awareness and might feel emotionally detached from his caregiver. Insecure attachment affects a child’s brain development which in turn impacts interactions with others, resilience, confidence and the ability to explore their environments.
Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences. They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem.
Childhood trauma directly affects the frontal limbic system in the right hemisphere of the brain. Because if this, children who experience childhood trauma experience difficulties in attaining homeostasis. They are also challenged to become self- regulated. This significantly impacts affect regulation because these children are not equipped with the skills to respond empathetically to others (Applegate & Shapiro, 2005). Perhaps, this idea may also explain Javier’s ability to respect authority and not his peers at school.
Children raised in orphanages have experienced a great emotional trauma. This emotional trauma commonly takes place because an orphan’s parents have either died, rejected them at birth, or placed them in institutional care once they were old enough to remember. This trauma can change the neurochemistry in the child's brain, making them more susceptible to things such as anxiety, dissociation, depression (SC4). Children raised in orphanages also tend to lack a sense of permanency and they often to struggle when it comes to depending on their new parents. Because orphanages are run on such strict schedules and do not have ample funding, free time can be scarce and toys can be hard to come by.
The third life position is the result when a child is not nurtured and receives ideas that decrease his self-worth. This kind of life position causes an individual to have difficulty in liking himself and forming bonds with other persons. The last life position is the worst of all the four because this life position leads to despair. When a person has this kind of life position, he has difficulty to find good in other people and to hope for a better future. However, this is not a hopeless situation.
Not only is it harmful to the baby but also to one’s self. It also interferes with normal prenatal development that can lead to birth defects or fetal demise (Abusing Prescription Drugs During Pregnancy 2012). It also opposes with functions of the placenta which supplies oxygen and nutrients to the baby. This cause the baby to be underdeveloped and underweight, because it is not getting all the essentials it needs to grow
Young people abusing drugs already put society in a dangerous situation because they are the future of the society. But this problem brings upon a grave problem on the stability of society. According to Child Rights Review “many children of substance abusers are born with physical and mental health problems”. This shows that the children born from the family of substance abusers will have mental and physical problems which will hinder the society as they may not be able to contribute to the society. This way, young substance abusers won’t be able to fully transfer the norms of society to the next generation because they lack in knowledge about it and the health problems of the upcoming
In short, for each psychosexual stages, challenges has to be faced, and failure to handle this challenges carefully will lead to fixation. Fixation is known as a failure for someone to proceed from one developmental stage to the next stage. This is due to excessive gratification or frustration for a particular need at a particular stage. Fixation which is experienced during childhood will relatively affect the same person when he or she becomes an adult (Weiten,
Children who grow up with permissive parents tend to struggle academically and physically. They often have low self-esteem or self-trust and could gain a lot of sadness. They may build more behavioral problems as they will likely not appreciate authority and rules. Related to that, they are more inclined to doing illegal acts that could result to their being delinquents since they are not given proper
They try so hard to balance them it burns them out and eventually weighs them down to procrastination, then unproductivity. Occasional bad moods or acting out is to be expected, but depression is something different. Depression can destroy the very essence of a teenager’s personality, causing an overwhelming sense of sadness, despair, or anger. Depression is not just something that spurred out of nowhere. It is THE effect of multiple issues that have never been addressed properly by an individual to his or her elders.
If one does not have a strong bond or attachment with their parental figure or main caregiver, negative side effects are more than likely to occur (Dujardin et al., 2014; Gautheir et al., 2004; Hoeve et al., 2012; Taylor & McQuillan, 2014; Whelan, 2003). When attention and reinforcement for behaviors is suddenly discontinued, youths will seek out ways to recapture the attention, often times resorting to noticeably negative behaviors due to associating them with attention and their attachment to their parent (Bowlby, 1980; Dujardin et al., 2014). Studies have found that if an individual is constantly dislocated via removal and placement in foster care, shelter care, or a group home, in addition to lacking any sense of consistency and stability, they will have a hard time developing an attachment with their caregivers, if one is developed at all (Dujardin et al., 2014; Whelan, 2003), causing harmful behaviors to likely ensue (Amatya, & Barzman, 2012; Dujardin et al., 2014; Gautheir et al., 2004; Hoeve et al., 2012; Taylor & McQuillan, 2014; Whelan,
Because of the aforementioned problems that stem from autism, it is a disorder that clearly creates a lot of lifestyle dilemmas for the person who has to endure this disorder. For one, the social development of a person is highly impacted by autism in a negative way. People with autism have to endure social impediments and so frequently fail to have the normal social intuitions about all the other people they come across. This lack of proper social development is apparent already from early childhood onwards. For example, it starts with autism experiencing infants already showing less attention to stimulus in their environment, reacting less often to their own name than their peers and smiling less frequently than their normal peers, too.