What is the effect of surface area to volume ratio on the rate of diffusion of the colour from the agar jelly cube? INTRODUCTION: Diffusion is the movement of spreading particles from high concentration to low concentration in an environment such as a cell. This major procedure is used in cells to source them with nutrients, water, oxygen, and to transport unwanted wastes such as carbon dioxide out of the cell or to different cellular organelles. In this practical agar jelly cubes will be used to represent a cell. AIM: To model diffusion in a practical form and investigate the effect of surface area to volume ratio. HYPOTHESIS: It is hypothesised the smaller the cube the quicker and bigger the rate of diffusion will be and with a larger cube there will be a smaller percentage of diffusion due to its bigger volume. VARIABLES: There are independent variables, dependent variables, and controls. the one that is being tested and the one that is the inconsistent variable in the Independent variable like the volume and surface area of the agar cubes. The variable that is kept consistent is the dependent variable such as the percentage of diffusion of pigment in the agar cubes. The constant variable is the features of the experiment that is kept the same throughout the entire experiment such as, the amount of time the agar cubes are left in the beaker and the amount of acid in the beaker. SAFTEY: For your own safety purposes wearing protective equipment such as glasses, apron,
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In almost every experiment, there’s an independent and dependent variable, a constant, and a control group. The independent variable in this lab was the coins. The dependent variable was the density. The constant was the amount of water. In this lab, there was no control group .
In this lab we were trying to figure out if Salt Creek and Barker Lake had the correct chemical balances to sustain catfish for the years coming. In order to find this out, we tested the water using a Hach Water Testing Kit. Inside were dissolved oxygen reagent powder pillows 1, 2 and 3 which we added and mixed into our sample water to prepare it for testing. Then we added droplets of Sodium Thiosulphate Solution into the prepared water too see how much dissolved oxygen parts per million were in the water. Our independent variable in this experiment was the 5 different testing sites that we went to for water samples.
On pages 5-6, the diffusion coefficient of growth factor in water D is quoted from literature, whilst for growth factor concentration C*, duration of cells differentiation phase T, and the cell death rate Γwn were merely taken from personal communication with an independent laboratory. The rate of cell proliferation Γnw, cell differentiation Γud, solute uptake ΓR1 and Michaelis-Menten uptake K were selected to fit experimental observations received in the same manner. These data are proven [1, 2] to deviate between cell types and in response to culture environmental variations. Authors are advised to either publish detailed experimental data in the appendices, or consult reviewed articles, then assess the sensitivity of the model to different species and perfusion
More specifically the aim was to investigate what effect 40% and 70% ethanol solutions had on a B. Vulgaris cell membrane and then compare them to the same test with distilled water. It was hypothesised that the ethanol solution would increase the membrane permeability. From the results the hypothesis can be supported. Cell membranes are a core aspect of understanding cells which helps to understand humans and other living creatures. Therefore the topic of cell membranes has been extensively researched, meaning that there is no limit to information and sources of information of the subject.
Independent Variable pH 3. Controlled Variables temperature, amount of substrate (sucrose) present, sucrase + sucrose incubation time Effect of Temperature on Enzyme Activity 1. Dependent Variable amount of product (glucose and fructose) produced 2. Independent Variable temperature 3. Controlled Variables pH, amount of
How does temperature affect the bounce of a tennis ball My science fair project is about tennis balls and temperature. I chose this topic because I am interested in how temperature affects how high a tennis ball bounces. When the ball hits the floor it expands and when it comes up then it comes back up it contrasts. My question that is going to be answered is,how does temperature affect the bounce of a tennis ball?
Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Report By: Jettica Williams BIOL 1107 Lab September 21, 2016 Prepared for Mrs. Fulford Lab Course Page Break The cell membrane act as a roadblock for cells. The cell membrane has a very hectic job. It restricts the access to what comes in and what goes out. The bond the membrane shares with others is the idea of accountability.
a biology class wants to perform an experiment to investigate the effect of different colors of light of green, yellow, red and clear cellophane and plant three seeds in each one. What part do the three seeds experiment? A,Confounding variables B.Independent variables C.Control variables D.Dependent variables 40. Iodine directly helps which of the following glands to function properly?
Identify the independent Variable Size of the tablet Identify the dependent Variable Reaction time List the controlled variables The solution (water), temperature, volume of water (200 mls) The amount of Alka- Seltzer How will the dependent variables be measured A stop watch will be started as the pieces of Alka-Seltzer are dropped into 200ml of room temperture water Describe the expected results if the hypothesis is true The 3 smaller pieces of Alka Seltzer will dissolve quicker than the ½ tablet .
Additionally, it was difficult obtaining a piece of rhubarb that was thin and particularly red, therefore the effect could not be best observed in the cells. Part B: Design your own experiment Parts of this practical were taken and slightly altered from the following link http://www.markedbyteachers.com/gcse/science/investigate-the-effect-of-surface-area-on-osmosis-in-potato-tissue.html Aim: To observe the effect different surface area: volume ratios have on osmosis in potato tissue. Hypothesis: If the potato has a larger surface area: volume ratio, the quicker osmosis will take place and the larger the mass will be at the end of the experiment, therefore the difference in mass of the potatoes from the start of the experiment to the end of the experiment will be larger. Additionally, the potato pieces left in a saltwater solution will decrease in mass, whereas the pieces left in water will increase in mass.
TABLE OF VARIABLES ￼￼￼Independent Variable ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼Method of measurement ￼￼￼￼Concentration of HCl
For this lab I will be using water and sucrose to demonstrate the rate of osmosis. In this lab I will be exploring how temperature impacts the rate of osmosis by placing pieces of potato of equal size in solutions of different temperatures and observing the change in mass of potato after a given period of time. The change in mass will indicate the rate of osmosis.
Biology Design Practical Joshua Edwards What are effects of the volume of a potato and the amount of weight it loses when placed in salt solution? Introduction This design practical uses a potato’s surface area to volume ratio to see what affects it has on osmosis in different concentrations. Osmosis is the movement of water molecules through a cell membrane into an area of a higher solute concentration. The movement goes the way of the solvent with more solute because the lower solute concentration is drifting through balancing the ratio of solute per solvent (En.wikipedia.org, 2018).
In this lab we used two processes called Diffusion and Osmosis. Diffusion is the movement of molecules from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration. Diffusion is a process that requires no energy and involves smaller non-polar molecules. In Figure 1 you can see the molecules spreading throughout the glass from the area of high concentration, so that the areas with low concentration are filled evenly as well. The other process was osmosis.
The dependent variable, which is the time taken for the empty muffin paper cup to touch the ground (immediately after it was dropped). This will be measured using a stopwatch, which will start when the paper cup is dropped, and stopped when the paper cup touches the ground. This will be done on table, preferably inside a science laboratory. (The table will be parallel to the muffin paper cup).