1.INTRODUCTION When we talk about abuse or abandon, the first object which comes to our mind definitely will be children. However, the fact is, it happens to the elderly too and the percentage of elderly being abused is getting higher. The elder abuse had become a very common issue in this society. They are either abused by their friends, family members or by the caretakers that are hired by their family, as well as in the nursing home.
Nursing Home Abuse and Substance Abuse When you hear about nursing home abuse, you may think about an elderly patient being physically abused or neglected. While physical abuse and neglect are common in nursing homes, they are not the only forms of abuse. Nursing home abuse includes many forms of physical, emotional, and financial abuse. Furthermore, some nursing home patients are not elderly. A story reported by The Boston Globe early this month is an example of how nursing home abuse can take many forms.
Old age is the period of ages nearing or surpassing the average life span of human being. Depression is a most prevalent mental health problem of senior citizens. The emerging changes in our social and cultural changes affect the mental health status of the older persons. They have signs of depression like isolation, withdrawal, and insecurity feeling, insomnia, hopeless, loneliness etc. The social work methods like case work, group work and social work research helps to identify their needs, causes of their problems, utilizations and importance of welfare measures.
In addition, the home environment of an incarcerated parent often contains numerous stressors such as violence, older sibling delinquency, inconsistent parenting skills, and behavior problems (Aaron & Dallaire, 2009, pg. 1471). The youth will be more likely to exhibit the same behaviors witnessed in the home, or when coping with the contact with the delinquent parent (Aaron & Dallaire, 2009, pg. 1472). Even if the incarcerated family member is not necessarily a parent, the predisposition for juvenile delinquency rises steadily and there is concern for the juvenile witnessing these stressors (Church, et al., 2009, pg. 4). “So watch yourselves. "If anyone causes one of these little ones--those who believe in me--to stumble, it would be better for them if a large millstone were hung around their neck and they were thrown into the sea” (Mark 9:42, New International Version).
Physical abuse is exactly what anyone could imagine, it involves the physical act of beating, choking, or even sexually assaulting an elderly individual. This might occur in a situation where a caregiver becomes frustrated with an elderly individual for not performing a task the caregiver desires, or could simply be a case where someone takes advantage of an elderly person who may not be capable of retaliating. Psychological abuse is when threats, intimidation, and verbal aggression are used on an elderly person. Psychological abuse can be seen when a decision needs to be made by an elderly individual. One may threaten or intimidate an elder to persuade them to make a desired decision, and the elder would listen in fear or trust that the decision is of the best interest.
Ageism is discrimination or prejudice based solely on a person’s age, an extreme issue in many elderly clients that reside in sheltered housing communities, as well as quality of life. Bodner, Cohen- Friedel, and Yaretzky conducted a study involving awareness and beliefs about ageism and quality of life in sheltered housing versus those feelings in seniors who live outside such an environment. It was anticipated that that seniors within sheltered housing would have elevated agist attitudes. To test this hypothesis, they took a sample of one hundred twenty six volunteers between the ages of sixty four and ninety four. The contributors completed a survey called the Fraboni scale of ageism, and a Quality of Life (QoL) Inventory.
Patient Abuse One of the most sensitive issues in health care is patient mishandling or abuse. Mishandling is the maltreatment and negligence of a person under medical organizations or at home. Some of the many types of ill-treatment include but not limited to physical, mental, curative and monetary abuse. According to the USA Today review, more than 5000 assisted living facilities were hazards for the elderly while they should be safe places for them. The report conducted between 2000 and 2002 found that there were significant medication errors as well as poor staffing (training).
However, it is common for victims to be fatigued, have increased or decreased appetites, or unable to sleep. Victims and survivors suffer financially when their money or jewelry is taken, when their property is damaged, when their medical insurances does not cover all expenses, and when they must pay funeral costs. The primary emotional injuries of victimization cause both immediate and long-term reactions to victims, their loved ones and, sometimes, their friends. Many crimes involve the use of force or violence against victims. Crime victims of all types of crime may experience trauma - physical damage to their bodies or emotional wounds or shock caused by the violence against them.
Other factors include substance abuse, unemployment, mental health problems, lack of coping skills, isolation, and excessive dependence on the abuser. Cycles of violence Cycle of abuse Lenore E. Walker presented the model of a cycle of abuse which consists of four phases. First, there is a buildup to abuse when tension rises until a domestic violence incident ensues. During the reconciliation stage, the abuser may be kind and loving and then there is a period of calm.
Events such as death, being wounded can mentally shut a person down, research has shown that traumatic events such as this caused veterans to end up homeless. Veteran affairs which are known as VA have treated more than 230,000 patients for serious mental illness such Bipolar Disorder and many patients have died about 13 to 18 years younger than the regular population Davis, C. L. (2012). There was a study for veteran participants for mood disorders (CIVIC-MD), and the purpose of the study was to identify amend individuals and treatment factors connected to harmful outcomes with Bipolar Disorder Copeland, L. A. (2009). Homelessness in VA patients with Bipolar were reported 12% and 55% in a lifetime, in an analysis there were current medication was freely associated with lower risk of lifetime homelessness (odds ratio [OR] = 0.80 per point range 0-4; 95% confidence level interval [CI]= 0.66, 0.96) Bipolar is caused by homelessness in
This can lead to service users who have some health problems being given housing that can cause health issues, such as damp and poor ventilation. Adults and children living in dangerous neighbourhoods are found to be at a higher risk of neglect, physical abuse and sexual victimisation compared to those who live in a safer area. Ageism can also negatively affect detection of elder abuse as it common to view an elderly person who may be confused as someone who is suffering from dementia. Physical injuries may be masked and concealed by clothing or by isolating the victims from their friends and
Nearly 20 percent of 30,000 suicides are attributed to veterans each year (Cesar, Sabia & Tekin, 2012). This number represents a substantial number of military personnel suffering with mental health problems. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (2011) PTSD impairs one’s ability to function in social or family life, which includes instability, marital problems, divorce, family conflict, and difficulty in parenting (p. 3). PTSD causes much impairment and has many contributing factors; for that reason, it is important to discuss the quality of services available to
Physician Coburn noted that poor Veterans Affairs’ budget management led to many deaths as well. He also stated that the Veterans Affairs used roughly $20 billion for non-health-related purposes. Starting in 2001, the Veterans Affairs has paid around $845 million for malpractice cases (Devine, 2014). Rajiv Chandrasekaren noted in an article that nearly 60% of patients claim that the Veteran Affairs is providing poor or barely fair medical care to wounded war veterans. About 50% claim that the Veteran Affairs is offering poor effort when it comes to helping them adjust psychologically to a life outside war (The Washington Post,
Seniors: Protect Yourself As a senior, I am likely to be vulnerable to senior abuse. Senior abuse is a term given to the act of committing harm or distress towards seniors. An abuser can be a spouse, partner, relative, friend, neighbor, or any other individual. Investigations on the preying on seniors has nearly doubled in the past five years—jumping from about 5,200 in 2005 to nearly 10,000 in 2010. I remember a time that my mother, who was a senior, talking to someone on her phone.