In higher level education levels its imperative to learn how to communicate with other professionals, and scholars. Stuart Greene stresses the importance of learning the process of the “scholarly way”. Academic writing is a learning process and like anything else it takes practice. Reading like an academic requires much more than just “reading”. Academic reading requires that you analyse articles, and make inquiries on why the author wrote that way, or why they chose that particular viewpoint.
Critical thinking is the way in which one improves the skill of thinking by assessing, analyzing and reconstructing the content in which they read. Joe Lau and Jonathan Chan (2015) describe critical thinking as “the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe.” As a student, studying International Relations in the faculty of Social Science, reading is crucial, as was mentioned in the acceptance letter for the University of the West Indies “you’ve been accepted to read for your degree”. In order to be successful in university, critical thinking is a necessity and is needed for everyday use within the university setting. When studying in the faculty of social sciences one has to note/remember that reading is essential, in fact, in
ACADEMIC WRITING There are numerous genres of writing, for example, business writing, journal writing, and so on. However, college or university popularizes academic writing. While writing an academic essay, the writer needs to pay attention to the reader, and the main subject here is college’s teacher or tutoring teacher. That method is different from the others because of its own characteristics and skills. Writing is a skill that required in many contexts of life.
Academic writing is an essential skill for students and professionals of all disciplines. It is an important practice for constructing knowledge and creating values and identity of a discipline (Luzon, 2005, as cited in Gimenez, & Thondhlana, 2012). The purpose of any academic writing is to inform, explain, compare, or persuade the readers. Specifically, research writing involves the ‘process of research, critical thinking, source evaluation, organization, and composition’ (Purdue, 2011). Thus, the use of first person pronouns and emotional language should be avoided, to a certain extent.
Nevertheless, the contemporary literary theory, as Appleman (2015) states, “literary theories provides lenses that can sharpen one’s vision and provide alternative ways of seeing.” (p. 22) Therefore, these critical lenses will provide students, teacher’s, to perceive a different perspective of how to read their world. Student’s will be taught explicitly, which can lead to multiple contexts such as culture, curriculum, classroom, personal experience, prior kowledge, and politics. The teacher will introduce the students’ to a knowledge of becoming enlightened witnesses. They will be able to critize the texts with the ultimate authority of teaching different ways of reading. As Appleman (2015) mentioned, “literary theory provides the interpretive tools young people need to recognize and “read” those cultural forces.” (p. 30) Therefore, the contemporary literary theories will guide students to understand the texts and the outside world with different
AN UNDERSTANDING OF ACADEMIC WRITING Introduction The aim of this essay is give an insight into the basic understanding and purpose of academic writing. The type of language an academic student can use to avoid the document becoming personal. How establishing objectivity and the importance of being objective in academic writing can assist in eliminating the personal approach. Highlighted in the essay is the important structure an academic student must follow to help the reader remain engaged in the essay. Clarified throughout are the vital components that an academic student can follow to compile improved and more knowledgeable material.
One of the vital parts of learning a language is learning vocabulary. The more vocabulary words learners know, the more they will be able to understand what they hear and read; as well as the more effective learners will be capable of saying or writing what they want to when speaking or writing. Especially, when learners read some academic texts, they find some vocabularies which they do not know. These vocabularies might be called academic words (AW). Moreover, learners are able to apply the knowledge of academic words to write their writing work.
The collected information by teachers and students in the form of study materials, assignments should reach the learners as knowledge. Conversion of information of chosen subjects of the course into knowledge of learners through effective pedagogy is essential feature of higher education. (4) Choosing Effective Pedagogy for Teaching & Learning : The effective methods of information imparting to the learners should be developed and used in higher education system depending on the nature of course and the subjects to be offered in the course. Choosing the effective pedagogy which is student centric and has assured success of enhancing knowledge is real challenge for higher education institutions and its teachers. Various pedagogies are currently used as well as under development using innovative teaching –learning models, information communication technology, multi-media technology and experimental learning
Writing is defined as ".... the logical organization and arrangement of the written sentences within a paragraph and paragraphs within the units of discourse ............and the expression of the ideas" (Abu-Ghararh, 1998, p. 87). like any second language learning ,Saudi learners face many problems in academic writing , like, they do not know how to organize their ideas or how to use punctuation...etc. Types of academic writing: There are different types of academic papers students are expected to write. They each serve a different purpose while helping students build writing and analytical skills. Research may be necessary for different types of papers and others you may be required to share personal opinions or experiences.