Air pollutin is a public health concern and it has been since the discovery of fire. Incidents and episodes of air pollution have been recorded throughout the history. Air pollution is divided into two, it is the indoor air pollution and the outdoor air pollution. Indoor air pollution is produced in households or at offices by pollutants such as tobacco smoke, household products or pesticides.
2. History of air pollution
Origin modern air pollution was traced to the 18th century in England and the birth of industrial revolution. Manufacturing replaced agriculture activities, the population migrated to the city, and the results were very disastrous as the burgeoning population strained public utilities and services. The energy …show more content…
Power plants releases smoke and ash during processing of burning of coal contributed significantly to the problem of air pollution in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1940 air pollution in the United States and the complaints of the public pressured the government to do something about the problem, the government regulators had to act. The smog that formed around Los Angeles and other big cities around began to report air quality degradation.
California was the first state to pass air pollution regulations. In 1947 just shortly after California acted the government convened the first national air pollution symposium consisting of the environmental experts and the representatives of the government. This landmark symposium made the introduction of the federal government involvement in environmental regulation.
In 1955 congress passed its first environmental legislation which was upheld and supported strongly by the public and improved science. After this huge merge the United States environmental protection Agency and the effective public policy toward the environmental were instituted. (Usepa, …show more content…
During that day the plant began refining natural gas, releasing hydrogen sulphide which is very deadly into the atmosphere. This gas was trapped near the ground and resulted in deaths of 22 people and 320 were hospitalized. The weather condition which was foggy together with the toxic released was held responsible for the death of people in Poza Rica. (Usepa, 2003)
2.6. London Fog (1952)
The most dramatic and detrimental incident occurred in London Fog. A temperature inversion covered the Thames River Valley; the deadly acid aerosols were trapped in the atmosphere, more people died from this incident over 4000 people died because of the deadly temperature inversion that settled over in London. It was recorded that over 4000 people suffered from bronchitis, Pneumonia, and respiratory diseases. This incident was an alert to the British parliament, immediately the burning of soft coal was barred in London.
2.7. Bhopal, India
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Entrapped under thickening layers of smog, the streets of 1800s England was the first time the world has seen such devastating effects of environmental pollution. Enveloping the city was the morbidly dark sky—ought it to be day or night had never been such an oblivion to the common passerby. The cause dates back to 18th century England; separated by a sea, England was able to avoid intervention in the conflicts plaguing continental Europe during this time. Revised quarantined measures to prevent the Black Death from further spreading along with the revolutionary agricultural innovations that emerged during the Agriculture Revolution, England was among the first countries to experience a major population increase. Such population increase consequently
Much like Theodore Roosevelt previously, Carter lobbied for the creation and passage of environmental laws and was active in environmental concerns since he gained office (Howard, 2013). Out of the several environmental bills passed during Carter’s administration, there are two that serve as his greatest victories: the Superfund legislation and the Alaskan National Interests Land Conservation Act (Howard,
Since the day President Nixon enacted the National Environmental Policy Act, major advances changed the environmental area. On December of 1970, Nixon created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Before EPA, there was no central authority, but now the protection of the environment is strong.
Water Pollution in San Joaquin Valley San Joaquin Valley is a place that stretches from 7 different counties such as Stanislaus to Kern county. San Joaquin Valley is known for their agriculture land since the late 19th century, which feeds most of the United States with the vegetables and fruits that are grown in the valley. The rich life of life in agricultural fields rely on the water supply that the valley contains such as groundwater and water on shore. Throughout the past decades, the water quality in San Joaquin Valley becomes to decrease from clean water to polluted water.
An example of air pollution that has become more prominent in the last few years has been acid rain. Acid rain had increased the marginal social cost on the American people through its risks of a persons health, however, most people only realize the marginal social benefits that it represents, like the goods that are made, with the rain as their product. Title IV of the Clean Air Act is where we find the laws that regulate Acid Deposition, which occurs when sulfur and nitrogen emissions combined with other substances, are changed in the atmosphere and then dropped back on Earth in a form that is very harmful to a persons and the environments health. The Clean Water Act was put into place in order to create a system so that there aren 't too many pollutants released into the U.S. 's water supply and to make sure that the water is deemed as safe for Americans to use and drink from.
The cloud appeared in November and kept almost everyone inside for it was “eye-stinging and throat-burning.” The smog is so thick it is is being blamed for a 70 car accident near the city. The city which has a population of 19 million as of 2012 is a hub for pollution with factories, cars, and other normal air polluters. The amount of pollution is so surprising that the levels of PM 2.5 (fine particles in the air) soared to 16 times the safe limit. Since the cloud appeared in the winter it is even worse of a time, for the winter is the worst season for pollution since the poor burn trash, and the electricity plants ramp up production to keep up with the heating.
The Government published the Clean Air and Water Acts under President Richard Nixon’s administration. The Clean Air Act, in short, endorsed the creation of thorough national and state rules to control emissions from both fixed and mobile sources (Document 2). Signed by Nixon in 1970, the main goal of this act was to ensure that air quality would be healthy and sustainable throughout the United States to furthermore eradicate any immediate sense of pollution and climate change. Just two short years later, Nixon appealed the Clean Water Act of 1972 (Document 4). In summary, this act created the fundamental framework for managing surface water quality quotas and pollution secretion into national water.
It required the Environmental Protection Agency to develop and enforce regulations to protect the public potent air quality which could be hazardous to human health. The Clean Water act established a basic structure for regulating pollution which is discharged into the waters of states in the United States. This act also Gave EPA the authority to implement pollution control programs. As a result of the “Silent Spring,” federal legislations were passed as a call to action to change the habits of humans before we destroy the thing that gives us all
When coal and other minerals were extracted from underground, they emited several metal waste which was harmful for the water. It is evident that the Indutrial Revolution caused a lot of evnviromental problems for individuals. Without social protest it is doubtful politicians would have responded to the environmental crisis…in the late 1960’s and ealry 1970’s (Halbert, par. 1). Individuals were conserned about their health and congress decided to pass the Clean Water Act of 1972 to reduce water
The protection of environment is crucial to the wellbeing of this planet. The job of government is to protect and preserve the land on which its people live. However, there is a bill being considered that completely goes against this, one that calls for the eradication of the Environmental Protection Agency, a government program created to protect human and environmental wellbeing through their regulation of laws. I urge you to oppose bill H.R. 861 - the termination of the Environmental Protection Agency - because of the ways that the EPA protects air, water, and land.
Castil, Czarina Beata N.11-HA1 Informative Speech Outline Topic: Air pollution Specific Purpose: I will inform where air pollution takes place, how it affects us economically and how we can help keep the air cleaner. I. Introduction a. Attention Material: Breathe in. Now, breathe out.
One of the greatest issues that we face towards the environment has been an increasingly difficult problem over the last few years. Earths climate is changing at rapid paces and solutions are needed as quickly as possible to replenish natural ecosystems and cultures that depend on the environment. Climate change not only affects the animals in our ecosystem, but us humans as well. With the human population increasing every year, climate change is only getting worse. Many argue that the effects of climate change towards the environment are due to other extraneous factors, however, I myself am a strong believer that the problems such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and natural disasters are all due to both natural causes and human activity.
CHAPTER 1 1. INTRODUCTION The air we respire contains mixture of natural and man-made chemical, physical and biological elements that modifies ambient air quality. Among all air pollutants, the most threatening for human health include particulate matter and gaseous pollutants such as carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide (WHO). The movement of people into urban areas and the growth of industry within these areas has carried more people into contact with air pollution than any other time in recent memory.
Focusing on reducing air pollutants in the Earth’s atmosphere, it creates an environmentally healthy place to live in and encourage people to work together for a common cause, thus making the world a better place. In order to solve such a problem, a strong understanding is needed. Air pollution is one of the various forms of pollution. It is the presence of foreign toxic substances or pollutants into the air.
• Pollution: Pollution of air, water and soil require millions of years to recoup. Industry and motor vehicles exhaust are the number one pollutants. Heavy Metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins for pollution. While water pollution is caused by oil spill, acid rain, urban runoff; air pollution is caused by various gases and toxins