Isocrates and Aristotle both displayed an evident passion for this thing called “rhetoric.” Aristotle said that, “Rhetorical study, in its strict sense, is concerned with the modes of persuasion” (Aristotle, 2). Isocrates and Aristotle argued that this kind of writing was an art. By favoring an art definition over a science, they suggested that writing takes imagination as well as concentration. They illustrated that the language is constantly moving, and the mind of an author should be open and explorative. Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric.
Both utilize the word “despotism” as a way to characterize this type of rule and clearly state that it is a threat to society. As a solution both interject that law is needed to protect society rather than the opinions and conclusions of common people. Aristotle proposes that when a society diverges from the law and allows the citizens to rule within democracy the tyranny of the majority takes shape. He states that the many become a monarch and assert great strength acting as a tyrannical force. The majority becomes overtly more powerful and the minority’s dissenting opinion holds little ground.
It was known to everyone who encountered the two that Aristotle and Plato had an intimate, intellectual relationship and it was a huge surprise to know that Plato’s nephew would be the one to run Aristotle’s beloved Academy. Aristotle used this failure instead to better himself, later returning to Athens to start his own school. Road To Success Given the information I have learned about Aristotle, I am encouraged by his constant need to learn and build himself intellectually, even though it was not completely necessary. Aristotle sought to study things like marine biology, which were not widely accepted as a “serious science”, regardless of what the general population believed. It was his endurance and seeking of knowledge that led him to become one of the most famous and widely known philosophers of his time, even up until
In book II chapter 4 of De Anima, Aristotle describes what constitutes as nourishment and generation. He then moves onto book II chapter 5 to discuss the concept of sensation and perception. More specifically, he claims that perception is a kind of alteration because it has the capability to be moved and affected. Aristotle then poses a puzzle to why the perception of the senses (perpetual capacities) doesn’t occur and why the perceptual capacities cannot produce perception without the aid of an external object which is composed of fire, earth, and other elements. Aristotle states that perception is potentially active and uses the example of a fire to support his claim.
Evaluation The value of the works and activities of Plato and Aristotle, can not be underestimated in the development not only of philosophical thought and of the construction of the principles of the existence of Western civilization, but in our modern life: its technical and information support as the development of many schools of later periods and modernity were based directly or indirectly on their works. Aristotle, living at the same society with Plato in Ancient Greece shares some of his views. For instance, both, Plato and Aristotle in their theoretical writings: define the concept of "citizen"; highlight the rights and responsibilities of citizens and their position in the state; develop and propose a specific system of public education and control. Nevertheless, they both do not create the image of the citizen as an independent person. This applies especially to Plato, who claims that because of the regulations, personality of a citizen dissolves in the community of many citizens (Kraut, 1997).
The very fact that Aristotle and Plato saw mistakes in the societies, in which they lived, encouraged them to write their political philosophies. These philosophies provided the first written recognition of politics. Aristotle in his works “The Politics” states that "Man is by nature a political animal"(The Politics; Aristotle) in other words, it lies deep within the instinct of man. It is almost primal. Due to his nature man should study and realize his role within the "polis".
Plato 's major political work and one of the most prominent in the whole history of philosophy is «The Republic», composed in the form of dialogue. In this book Plato suggests the principles of what he thinks to be an ideal state. Plenty of scholars regard «The Republic» as an authoritarian and closed society and they certainly have reasons for that. Indeed, most principles of state organization suggested by Plato can be hardly considered democratic or liberal. In fact , political structure and functioning of the state as Plato sees it must be purely aristocratic.
The free people of the United States elect representatives who can reflect their opinions and promote the common good of all. Theophilus Parson writes on translation of power between people and their representatives: “The majority of the representatives should also represent a majority of the people.” Government within the American regime, because of the equality of each citizen, should reflect the will of the majority, not the few. This prevents the tyranny of the few over the majority. Thus, the majority of people retain the authority of the regime. However, the Declaration of Independence states the founder’s beliefs about the abuses of any government, “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it.” The power of the legislative representatives is limited by the will of the people, and thus the authoritative element still remains in the hands of the people within the republican structure of
What is Aristotle 's vision on Plato 's perception of art and imitation ? Aristotle agrees that art is imitation, but unlike Plato, he believes it’s a good thing that exists within humans naturally. According to Aristotle, humans learn by imitation. Both Plato and Aristotle have two very different perspectives regarding art. On one hand, Plato considers art as a low perceived human activity that doesn’t require any skills but rather an imitation of what is rather real.