There are three different ways to grade a concussion. Concussions are graded as mild grade 1, moderate grade 2, or severe grade 3, depending on such factors as loss of consciousness, amnesia, and loss of equilibrium. If the victim has a grade 1 or 2 it's not life threatening scenarios to come. But if you have a grade 3 concussion, you will need to see a doctor immediately. Closed head injuries are a type of traumatic brain injury in which the skull and dura mater remain intact. Closed head injuries are the main leading causes of death in children under 4 years old and the most common cause of physical disability and cognitive impairment in young people. Closed head injuries and other forms of mild traumatic brain injury are about 75% of the estimated 1.7 million brain injuries that occur annually in the United States. Closed head injuries may result in physical, cognitive, or psychological impairment. Closed-head injuries are caused mostly by car accidents, falls, acts of violence, and sports injuries. Closed-head injuries can be from mild injuries to traumatic brain injuries and can lead to severe brain damage or death. If symptoms of a head injury are seen after an accident, medical care is needed to diagnose and treat the injury. Without medical attention, injuries can progress and cause further brain damage, disability, or death. …show more content…
This type injury is a serious form of brain injury that requires immediate medical attention. Because there is an open wound, open head injury victims may be exposed to infection and contamination. It can occur in car crashes, sports accidents, work accidents, or gunshot wounds that create a skull fracture. Objects like a screwdriver can pierce the skull and cause brain injury. If the object leaves in a different location than where it entered, it’s known as a perforating open head
First it is important to know what a concussion is. A concussion is a traumatic injury to the small tissue of the brain. Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination. Although concussions usually are caused by a blow to the head, they can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken.
In article one "Heads Up: Concussions in High School Sports” it says concussions can lead to memory loss, irritability, dizziness, and depression. Depression is is more of a mental damaging injury compared to a physical injury. Depression is when up you bring doubt on your self of you negative on life in general. Memory loss comes the same depression is its more mental the physical, your brain took damage and its able to function the same causing memory loss. Dizziness is physical damage, depending on what side of brain got hit dizziness is also a danger you will not be able to see straight cause your eyes are connected to your brain and you will be noxious,feeling light headed, making it
As mentioned in the previous paragraph concussions and head trauma are common in athlete players who had been hit in the head several times. There is a test called the Impact Test that is used by doctors to measure the severeness of a concussion. The test consists of basic movements like grabbing a pencil, repeating words and answering personal questions to see if the person is back to normal. Although concussions last a few hours it is important to have the person constantly reacting to sound and light. Sometimes people who have had a concussion need to be tested every two years just to make sure everything is ok and that no new concussions have been made.
However, in less than 15 seconds, someone in the United States can suffer a traumatic brain injury (Napier & Claybourne, 2005). According to the Brain Trauma Foundation, an estimated 1.5 million head injuries are seen in emergency departments each year (n.d.). Of these, 52,000 people die each year from a traumatic brain injury event (Brain Trauma
In Brian W. Benson’s article, he states, “Concussion results in a graded set of clinical symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness or memory dysfunction.” Major injuries are always an issue when it comes to contact sports among all ages. Due to this, changes have been made to the physical rules of the game. For example, in all levels, there is now a penalty for head contact. Hockey is a fast-paced game and it can be difficult to perform a clean body check.
In a group, 38 percent reported that headaches, concentration problems and fatigue had made school more difficult. Forty-four percent said concussion symptoms affected their note take skills and homework completion. Nearly 9 to 10 teens who continue to show symptoms of brain injury also experience academic problems. When a young person gets hit on the head and suffers a concussion recommend being holed up in a dark room for days. This could mean five days in a dark, quiet room with no superhero movies, loud music, bright lights or smart
A concussion occurs when the head sustains a hard blow and the impact jars or shakes the brain inside the skull, intruding on the cerebrum normal activities. Despite the fact that there might be cuts or wounds on the head or face, there might be no other noticeable indications of a brain damage. You don't have to pass out or loss consciousness to have a concussion. A few people will have evident indications of a concussion, such as passing out or forgetting what happened right before the injury.
Marsha Gabriel, Ph.D., Oklahoma, Senior Neuropsychologist at Cook Children’s Health Care System in Fort Worth, Texas, and Dr. Megan Adams Rieck, M.S., Ph.D., Iowa¬, Clinical Neuropsychologist at UnityPoint Health Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Center in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, answer The Key’s questions about the clinical side of concussions. How does the medical community define a concussion? Dr. Gabriel: A concussion results from impact to the skull or body causing acceleration/deceleration forces that produce biochemical changes in the brain. Symptoms include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache, irritability, vision changes, and decline in attention, memory, and speed of processing information.
Football concussions can lead to brain injuries or other serious health issues that can be fatal. Concussions can happen in many different ways, which all involve big hits to the head. Hard hits to a player's head can cause his or her brain to move in different ways which can cause brain bruising or bleeding. A hard hit to a player’s forehead causes the brain to accelerate in a back and forth motion that can make a player feel nauseous or unstable. If the hit is focussed in the left or right side of a player's forehead it can cause the brain to move in a twisting motion which will leave the player light headed and with a headache.
Simple concussions, which are mild and relatively common among children and adolescents, gradually resolve within a week to 10 days. As long as another head injury is not sustained, mild concussions usually do not result in complications or long-term health risks. Complex concussions, on the contrary, do result in tenacious symptoms and can affect brain function long term. The expansions risk for complications, such as swelling or bleeding in the brain, seizures, and post-concussion syndrome (e.g., persistent headache, dizziness, or blurred vision), is seen with complex concussions.
Injuries caused from head contact need to be eliminated. Concussions and traumatic brain injuries are a very high percentage of the injuries that high school athletes sustain every year. Football is the most common sport for traumatic brain injury with 29.1% of the injuries being treated and released at the emergency room. The percent that is admitted to the emergency room is 24.7% for these brain injuries from playing football. ("Concussion Statistics for High School Sports", Lindsey Barton Straus, JD.
While most individuals recover quickly and fully, a concussion should never be taken lightly. Unfortunately, many believe a concussion only occur if a person loses consciousness after hitting there head. This, however, is not true. There are many symptoms that can indicate a concussion, and loss of consciousness is not a requirement. Contusion Bruised brain tissue is referred to as a contusion.
“Although sports injuries contribute to fatalities infrequently, the leading cause of death from sports-related injuries is traumatic brain injury. Sports and recreational activities contribute to about 21 percent of all traumatic brain injuries among American children and adolescents”(AANS). A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a blow or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury that corrupts the normal function of the brain. TBI is when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or an object pierces the skull and enters the tissue of the brain. Symptoms of a TBI can range on three levels mild, moderate or severe, depending on the damage to the brain.
More now than ever athletes are being watched out for when there is trauma to the brain. After multiple cases of poor treatment to concussions parents and doctors are cracking down on letting concussions not be a big deal. As more studies advance, it is discovered that every case is different. The range is created by severity, past experience with trauma, and how the patient heals. Concussions in sports can range in severity, and how they affect each individual over time depending on times of impact.
While you rarely see sports injuries contributing to a fatality, the leading cause of death in sports injuries relates to brain injury. Approximately 21 percent of the TBI in American adolescents relates to sports injuries. Concussions can occur from a direct blow to the face, head or neck. It does not matter as long as the force transmits itself to the head. The signs and symptoms of a head injury can change over the course of minute or hours.