4) Sign boards: signboards must be kept at every possible place with proper lighting at enclosed escape routes in the construction site for the people who are not familiar with the site. 5) Supervision: The construction site should be under constant supervision of the health and safety officer and he must take the responsibility to guide the workers and to note whether the workers are following proper safety rules while working. Health and safety in site is considered as three types: 1. Environmental aspects: wastage and pollution are two main things that should be controlled in construction site. Reducing the waste by proper reuse of materials like plastic and other waste materials without throwing them.
However prior to the passing of the 1914 Act employees who were injured at work could have instituted a common law suit against the employer for negligence. The workers common law right could be seen as a minimal occurrence due to the high costs of litigation and difficulty in proving negligence. At first the act sought to cover only injuries and not diseases, however was later amended in 1917 by the Workmen’s Compensation (Industrial Diseases) Act whereby coverage was extended to include industrial diseases such
However, there have some methods that can repair foundation failure. Such as, jacking and piercing. Therefore, we must repair the crack when it is small before it will increase in size and prevent the crack from growing from a nuisance into a huge problem. Besides that, construction activities are typically labour-intensive and high risk in occupational health and safety terms. Statistics show that people falling from heights and objects falling from heights and striking people are the most common type of accident.
Electrical hazards have become the cause of injuries and fatalities in the workplace. It is one of the leading causes of accidents in construction sites which is why having adequate electrical safety equipment is important. • Most common hazards - The electrical current may throw workers into contact with a higher voltage conductor- The major exposure of electricity is electrical shock or flash of fire. A human body gets shocked when an individual comes in touch with both wires of an electrical circuit, one wire of an energized circuit and the ground that is thrilled by contact with an electrical conductor o cause workers to lose their balance and fall- Construction industry suffers very much every year taking a number life into its lap .often at the construction site it is found that workers are badly injured or dead being slightly unattentive to their woerk .Muscles can come to the contract of the
They may be broken or jammed. If you are outdoors at the time of earthquake, If open space is available nearby, go there. Keep away from tall chimneys, buildings, balconies and other projections, Do not run through streets, hoardings or lamps may fall on you. After an earthquake, check if you or anyone else is hurt, use first aid at least on the cuts and bruises. Keep the streets clear for emergency services.
It becomes important is if defects or failures in construction it will results in very large cost even it with a minor defects. Failures may also cause a personal injuries result in large cost due to the indirect cost of insurance and inspection. The best project managers who are try ensures the works done right the first time and no major accident or failure happens on site. (Chris Hendrickson, 2000) Inspector and quality assurance personnel will be involved in project such as occupational safety and health agencies (OSHA) are required by law to issue for all standard violation observed. OSHA will routinely make a site visit to the workplaces with an approved state inspection agencies.
(2014:726) 2.6 How to achieve “zero accidents” Identifying the reliability of the “zero accident”, measures must be taken to achieve this objective. According to Jenkins (2006:6); Mwanaumo (2013:50); Farooqui (2011:35) the U.S Construction Industry Institute (CII) commissioned a zero accident study and identified nine best techniques/types of activities that construction industry stakeholders and contractors can adopt if they are to promote H&S. These practices are as follow: 1. Demonstrated management commitment; 2. Staffing for Safety; 3.
Prepares you and your company for emergencies. Anything can happen in the workplace. While the thought of having disasters strike while you are all in the office building is depressing, you need to prepare for the worst. A number of emergency situations can occur, from hurricanes, flashfloods, fires and bombings to armed intruders, burglaries and structural collapse. Most disaster victims tend to say the similar thing, that they did not see the tragedy coming.
4.2.4. Analysis Analysis depicts the direct cause, indirect cause, and other causes. 4.2.5. Report This is produced after an investigation is prepared and submitted to the designated authorities. The report should contain background information like where, when the accident happened, the materials and machines used, and persons involved in the accident.
Hazards in Excavation Work Most construction work involves some form of excavation for foundations, sewers and underground services. Excavation or trenching work can be highly dangerous and even some of the most experienced workers have been caught by the sudden and unexpected collapse of the unsupported sides of a trench. Buried under a cubic meter of soil you will be unable to breathe due to pressure on the chest, and quite apart from any physical injury you will quickly suffocate and die, for even this comparatively small amount of soil weighs over 1 tonne. If the excavation work will be use the safety precaution system, the hazard of excavation work will be prevent. The sides of the excavation or trench should be sloped or battered back to a safe angle of repose, usually 45°, or be supported by timbering or other suitable means to prevent a collapse.