LITERATURE 1. Why is it neccessary to differentiate Englishness and Britishness? In spite of the fact that England is only one of the nations, regions and ethnic groups within Great Britain, yet used to be the dominant one during the zenith of the British Empire, there was a long tradition to use Englishness and Britishness interchangeably (Aslet 1997), often as synonyms. It is argued that English people’s self-feeling of their supremacy over other members of Great Brian made them feel unnecessary to distinguish themselves from The Others (Reviron- Piégay, 2009). She also added that Britishness was an all-embracing word, refering not only to just a cultural and religious phenomenon but also to a fact of social and economic culture.
“It is, I think, very generally assumed that a particular subset of educated native speakers in England, or New England, or wherever, have the natural entitlement to custody of the language, that the preservation of its integrity is in their hands; their right and their responsibility” (Widdowson, 1994). Discuss this view in relation to the teaching and learning of English in schools around the world. Question for Sarah: - Do I need to link back to the question more? Or does my introduction to each section suffice? Throughout this essay, my main focus will be on Quark and Widdowson’s1 views and what this suggests about the quality of native and non-native English teachers, but I will also discuss English as a global language and the possibility
Technology is used by most of the grades in the school; also English is an important aspect to the students’ knowledge. With the research we will be undergoing, we will design and develop a proper flag for this school. Plantijn asked our school to help them compile a flag design that they would be proud of showing to other schools and organizations around them that can be easily connected to the schools environment. As our class revolves around the processes of designing items, it was a great idea to incorporate us in the making of their flag. That way we learn more about creating flags and Plantijn gets the final flag design of their choice.
This has led to the younger generation is bilingual with English and their mother tongue language. The language situation has transformed so quickly that English has dominated other languages. Among the Chinese participants, 80.8 per cent of the youngest generation report English to be the language used when conversing with their parents. In contrast, slightly fewer youngest Chinese participants report using Mandarin at home with their parents. The use of English language has become most frequently used than their ethnic language.
However with the passage of time it was found that using English as official language is required. Thus started attempts for teaching English right form the primary schools. Soon the language spread went to secondary schools and colleges. At present the high proficiency in English helps the students to achieve the degree of their choice in the University level studies (Foo & Richards, 2004). English language is considered as a language of development in Malaysia.
Foreign language skill from the managers’ point of view is very important to their business administration, especially for communication with customers, other companies, suppliers and other stakeholders and communication gave the opportunity to expand their businesses from the national level to the international level, which offers further success. In this case, managers and all members of the business need to know the arts of communication to deal with
1.0. The Role of English in India: English in India is a legacy from the British who colonized the country and their language permeated through some of the most important parts of society: the government, the media, the education system, the legal system and gradually the social sphere as well. India is a vast nation and in terms of the number of English speakers, it ranks third in the world after the United States of America and the United Kingdom. An estimated four percent of the population use English and even though this may seem like a small number that is about forty million people. This small segment of the population, controls domains that have professional and social prestige.
English language teaching (ELT) profession enjoys a long history, which has gradually been shaped by advancements in technology and theories of learning and language. Taught primarily as a foreign language (EFL) in non-English dominant settings as required part of school curricula, English has been going through dramatic transformations for several decades in terms of its speaker profile, areas of use, and functions of its linguistic features. It now has, in statistical terms, more non-native English speakers (NNESs) than its native English speakers (NESs), as noted long ago by some linguists (e.g. Brumfit, 2001; Crystal, 2008). It is also dynamically used all around the world in various domains, ranging from education, tourism, aviation, business to politics.
English is the mother tongue of 300 million people in the world. The countries where English is the native or first language are the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Some other countries like India, Pakistan, Africa, France, and the Soviet Union, etc. use English as a second or foreign language. Thus English is spoken by 700 million people in the world, which is next only to the Chinese language.
1.0. THE GENESIS English is an international language, spoken in many countries both as native language as well as a second language. No language, ancient, or modern can be compared with English in the number of geographical distributions of the homes, factories, companies, institution, shops and offices in which the language is spoken, written, or read. [F G. French.3] Besides the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, where about 400 million people use English as their native language, English is an important second language in many parts of the world including India. English has become the common man’s language in today’s context.