)and from east to west 300 miles (480 km.) All along the history, it has remained an independent country till Akbar’s conquest in 1586 AD. Till 1947 Jammu & Kashmir was the largest princely state of undivided India. The State of Jammu & Kashmir is bounded on the
‘Slavery was the root cause of secession’. ‘November 6 1860, Lincoln was elected president of America which resulted in panic emerging in the South’ . The election of Lincoln as president who was a Republican leader meant that ideologies, movements and values from the North would be implemented in the South which meant the abolition of slavery. Slavery was a huge characteristic of the South as the economy; politics; social status and psychological mind-sets were influenced by the process of slavery. The southern white population then derived the idea of secession which meant the South would gain independence from Northern aggression .
In this assignment, I will try my ultimate best to demonstrate how important the Pashtun peace movement has been in promoting peace and what significance did the Pashtun peace movement bring with them to the region of Pakistan. I will be explaining and discussing the major significances of the Pashtun peace movement. This anti-imperialistmovement in the North-West Frontier Province of what is today the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan existed from 1929 to 1948 The Pastuns also known as the Pathics or the ethnic Afghans are the second biggest and largest ethnic group in both Afghanistan and in Pakistan. This movement is one of the most successful non-violent movements of the 20th century. They have prevented the British from taking over
Secede means to leave or withdraw from the union. During the mid 1850s the south wanted to secede from the union. Southern states wanted to secede from the union because President Lincoln was elected, Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published, and because slavery was the basis of their community. First the south wanted to leave the union because President Lincoln was elected. In document 5 it says “Free Speech, Free Homes, Free Territory”.
The point of it was to get hold of natural resources, subdue enemies, accumulate wealth, and to win power, supremacy, and glory. Nations turned to imperialism for economic gain. This was, also, true for European Imperialism. Europe had turned to imperialism for their own gain. This would then lead to Africa and India being influenced
to continue moving westward so it could touch the Pacific Ocean. First, is the loss of freedom. The Indians lost their right to live and think the way they please due to the United States’ lust for territory. Equally important, is the land which the Indians were forced to hand over to the U.S.. This compelled the Indians to move onto reservations and give up the right to hunt.
According to one "folk etymology", the name "Kashmir" means "desiccated land" (from the Sanskrit: Ka = water and shimeera = desiccate). According to another folk etymology, following Hindu mythology, the sage Kashyapa drained a lake to produce the land now known as Kashmir. With a fertile soil and temperate climate, the valley is rich in rice, vegetables and fruits of all kinds, and famous for the quality of its wool. Kashmir has been inhabited since prehistoric times, sometimes independent but at times subjugated by invaders from Bactria, Tartary, Tibet and other mountainous regions to the North, and from the Indus valley and the Ganges valley to the South. At different times the dominant religion has been Animist, Buddhist, Hindu and (after the period of the history) Muslim.
The decolonization of India in 1947 was accompanied by geographical partition into two nations – India and Pakistan – based on religious differences and anxieties. In the nine months between August 1947 and the following year at least 28 million people --- Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims --- were forced to flee from their homes and became refugees; at least a million were killed in communal violence.Partition is central to modern identity in the Indian subcontinent, as the Holocaust is the identity among the Jews. The well-known Pakistani historian Ayesha Jalal has called partition, “the central historical event in twentieth century South Asia.” She writes, “A defining moment that is neither beginning nor end, partition continues to influence how
Tourism in Jammu and Kashmir often has significant cultural implications (restoration of historical and archaeological monuments), social and political understanding. According to a study conducted by the UNESCO, the relationship be¬tween hosts and guests in the destination areas can be characterized by five main features: (i) They involve transitory relationship. Tourists come to a place or region for a short-period, so an interaction between hosts and guests has little chance to progress beyond casual and superficial level, (ii) There are spatial and temporal constraints to visitor-host interaction. The hospitality business often becomes exploitative to take the advantage of the seasonal character of tourism here. Tourism facilities and services are concentrated in a few locations, (iii) The visitor-resident meetings lack the spontaneity associ¬ated with individual schedules.