This means it uses a knowledge source or knowledge sources to associate the most appropriate senses with the words in context. Ideally, Word Sense Disambiguation is a means to an end but not usually the end itself, enhancing other tasks in different fields and application development such as parsing, semantic interpretation, machine translation, information retrieval and extraction, text mining, and lexical knowledge acquisition. Approaches to word sense disambiguation may be knowledge-based (which depends on some knowledge dictionary or lexicon), supervised (machine learning techniques to train a system from labelled training sets) or unsupervised (based on
A word recognition ability such as the explicit instruction of sight words maybe used by students who are facing problems in reading to increase their reading capacity (Alexander & Heathington (1988). Frantantoni (1999) mentioned that as good readers have a large sight word, they are different from poor readers. A largely familiar problem faced by learners through the ESL/EFL world is that of slow reading (Hamp-Lyons 1983; Cooper 1984). Logically, students all differ in their capacity to process and quickly name words. Though, this speed can depend on the amount and quality of exposures to the words (Rasinski, Blachowicz et al.
It includes word meanings, subject-specific vocabulary, figurative language and meanings presented in images (G. Winch, p32 2010)". Children will often use these cues when they are considering ideas, information, and feeling in the text. Semantic information aids them to call on their previous knowledge to read fluently and comprehend the text. When a reader can link a new text to everything
Since English language, especially the sight words, has irregularities in spelling, in other words, there is a mismatch between sound and letter, memorization of some words is necessary to achieve the goal of literacy. Additionally, a few people with serious handicaps may learn the basic sight words that enhance skills of daily life like reading without acquiring word analysis skills. The acquisition of sight words may be a tough task. Hence, in designing sight word instruction, teachers are urged to consider simplicity, as well as effectiveness. For example, errorless procedures may be useful for students who become disruptive when corrected, while feedback procedures can be helpful for students who are motivated by a response or feedback.
Data obtained from the languages across the world for over 35 years show that people have a visual word recognition system which helps them to analyze letter strings in terms of their constituent morphemes (Rastle, Davis & New, 2004). Morphologically complex words give us a lot of information about the visual word recognition system. It is found out that the visual word recognition
• Deliberate visual learners will hone the composed word before notorious (pictorial) data. Tactile/ Kinaesthetic • The material kinaesthetic learners recall best the learning substance by effectively physical engagement.. • Kinaesthetic learners have a tendency to have a decent retaining what they are experience, for example, collaboration with physical engagement, playing. • The learners appreciate learning process by controlling and touching, for example, drawing, touch on touch screen applications, following and guiding, written work Learning styles for students can play an important role in learning process. In addition, the use of formal learning style assessment can give useful information that benefits the learner as well as the instructors. As part of on-going development of the learning style by using concept map, further planning will be discovered on the effectiveness of learning style approach in and out of the classroom in terms of its impact on student learning within the domains of biology education in secondary school.
There are different styles and techniques of learning. Their use depends on the abilities, preferences and circumstances. The visual learning style includes pictures, graphics and images, when the information is received through spatial understanding. There are also those with strong read and write preference, who comprehend best through words, reading them or writing them. The auditory style involves sounds, speech and music, focusing on aural content.
The system performs consistently on a complete unseen data. In addition to it, narrate the process of creating dictionary, and the use of Mechanical Turk to verify the dictionaries for its reliability and consistency. The two main techniques used for solving the problem of extracting sentiment automatically are Lexicon-based approach and Text classification approach. Lexicon-based approach performs orientation calculation for the document using the words or phrases and their semantic orientation. Text classification approach builds classifiers from the labeled instance of the texts or sentences, necessarily a supervised learning process.
Method This study examines many researches, articles and academic books written about reading, reading comprehension, developing reading skills, and the language learning strategies and techniques. It is purposed in this paper to describe and determine effective strategies and techniques to overcome reading issues in foreign language process. Thus, it is literature review about the reading, reading comprehension and
For example, literature is employed to help students of other dialects, such as AAVE, learn the differences between formal and informal English. Through this technique, students learn grammatical patterns belonging to GAE and also learn how to distinguish GAE patterns from patterns of their dialects (Jones, 2013; Wheeler & Swords, 2006). Another technique used is a method called Journaling. In this technique, students are required to write about topics assigned by teachers, such as a story, poem, etc. They are sometimes asked to write about topics of their own interests.