Discrimination can be defined as treating, or proposing to treat, someone unfavorably because of a personal characteristic protected by law. Discrimination can be direct and indirect: the foster often happens because people make unfair assumptions about what people with certain personal characteristics can and cannot do. Indirect discrimination occurs when an unreasonable condition is imposed that disadvantages a person with a personal characteristic protected by law. The historical and sociological literature portrays the agony of African Americans who have been and are still victimized by discrimination in the workplace (Carbo, 2008). They particularly face a series of unique problems from the policies and the practices of the organizations or from the
“The worse thing about Depression is people who don’t have it, just don’t get it”. Unknown Workplace depression is a major issue which spans across all cultures and economies with serious implications to both the employee and employer alike. The Impact of Depression at Work Audit (IDeA) evaluates the societal and economic burden of depression in the workplace across various geographic regions. The latest report from a study carried out in South Africa creates interesting, but potentially troubling reading for employers. The South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) conducted this research to better understand how South African employees experience Depression at work, how much awareness exists in the workplace environment about
Bullying is a way or form of disrespect towards other individuals that are vulnerable, that consist in exposing and aggravating to the point where they feel attacked; they can also be affected by cyberbullying. Bullying can be manipulated to get individuals to do, act, or react to things or situations that are 100% of the time denigrated to those who are affected by it therefore, it’s important to show and work on preventing and acting on this specific type of behaves, due to the increments on the amount of suicides and homicides this has gotten serious, nearly 30,000 Americans commit suicide every year, 1 in 65,000 children ages 10 to 14 commit suicide each year due to bullying. Because of this we need to take emergencies measures. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in the US among young people, results? 4,400 deaths per year, according to the CDC ‘’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, girls between the age 10 and 16 are most likely to commit suicide due to bullying.
One of the inevitable certainties of modern occupational life is stress. According to Greenberg (2012), stress and psychosocial stressors have the ability to adversely affect both the individual and organization. To illustrate workplace stress in practice, the case study of Pamela Perkins will be used. Undoubtedly, Pamela’s new role as a managing director of a chain of daycare centres has been quite taxing, owing to a number of factors ranging from work overload and home-to-work interface, which have affected her stress levels. Firstly, stress can be defined as physiological and emotional reactions that occur when faced with demands, whilst stressors refer to demands encountered during our daily life that are either physical or psychological
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Sexual harassment in the workplace is an issue that affects many due to the high rise in reported and unreported cases. Both men and women across the U.S and worldwide are being affected directly and indirectly. Certain measures are needed to prevent sexual harassment from arising in the workplace, and it is only through an effective education that this will be achieved. According to the National Women 's Law Center (2000), “Harassment can poison the work atmosphere and negatively impact other workers who are not themselves harassed. In fact, decreased work group productivity was the largest single cost to the government in its survey of harassment.” The purpose of this paper is to describe an example of
Workplace Bullying Workplace bullying happens when an individual recognizes negative actions directed at him or her from one or more persons, ongoing over at least 6 months, and when he/she has trouble defending these actions (Simons et al., 2011, p. 133). Workplace bullying has been theoretically linked with harassment and includes features of frequent and determined efforts to torment, irritate, or create anxiety for an individual at work (Brodsky, 1976). Workplace bullying has become a disturbing but interesting phenomenon that has fascinated a high level of consideration from scholars and practitioners in the academic and organizational surroundings (Rayner and Cooper, 1997). Basically, the incidence of workplace bullying has led study
In the United States today, as well as many years prior, there are many ways people have been discriminated against. Whether it is at school or in the workplace, the main group of Americans that face discrimination are women. One way of discrimination to these Americans is sexual discrimination and harassment. Sexual discrimination and harassment against women in the workplace continues to be a significant problem. Sexual harassment is defined as "Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual 's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual 's
Introduction Discrimination in the workplace has a negative impact on many people due to the fact they are either denied work or are suffering from unequal treatment in the workforce. There are different types of discrimination such as: disability discrimination, pregnancy discrimination, and gender discrimination regarding equal pay and occupational segregation. Discrimination occurs everywhere in the world, but there are many laws and legislations that are put into place to prevent discrimination from occurring. Discrimination can be defined as treating individuals differently based on their properties such as race, age, sex, disability or mental condition (Lippert-Rasmussen, 2006, p. 168). Discrimination will be addressed by subheadings
Due to its pervasive negative effects on the organisation, current trends in industrial and organisational psychology suggest a continuing increase in the study of counterproductive work behaviours (Levy & Tziner, 2011). According to Spector, Bauer and Fox (2010), the term counterproductive work behaviour is seen as a volitional behaviour that harms or intends to harm organisations or people in organisations. Chang and Smithikrai (2010) on their part define counterproductive workplace behaviour as a class of behaviour that acts against the interests of the organisation, which individuals, usually, consciously choose to engage in. Hafidz, Hoesni and Fatimah (2012) observe that counterproductive work behaviours affect not just the organisation, but also influence other employees, customers and suppliers. Gruys and Sackett (2003) classified these behaviours into eleven main dimensions of theft and other related behaviours; destruction of property; misuse of information; misuse of time and resources; unsafe behaviour; poor attendance; poor quality work; alcohol use; drug use; inappropriate verbal actions; and inappropriate physical
Sexual harassment is commonly found in the workplace; however, it can be seen and almost every social environment. Sexual harassment is the unwanted and unwarranted sexual attention from another person. Typically seen in the workplace, sexual harassment creates an environment that is hostile and unsafe. This paper will examine three article that will cover the current understanding of the ethics behind sexual harassment, current laws in place to help protect against sexual harassment, and examine gender bias in regards to sexual harassment. The APA ethics guidelines set a standard for psychologist to follow in regards to sexual harassment.