Difference: Deconstructing Race and Blackness What is difference? Difference as defied by the Merriam Webster Dictionary as the quality that makes one person or thing unlike another. Difference is also a construction. It is a central deficit of the systems of oppression that determine how, power, privilege, wealth, and opportunity are distributed. Difference is responsible for sexism, racism, and other forms discrimination and of oppression.
The concept of social inequality tackles the existence of unequal opportunities for people of different status and positions in the society. While it normal to have a form of stratification in the society, there are situations that remain dire and need urgent intervention to try and bring about a balance. There are various dimensions of social inequality including income, wealth, power, and ethnicity. Social inequality has adverse effects on citizens of a particular nation especially on the quality of life due to unequal access to important social amenities. In Tracy Kidder’s Mountains Beyond Mountains, the author has a particular focus on several aspects of life in Haiti.
These include inequality based on access to the available opportunities and inequality based on conditions accorded to different classes and positions within the society. Inequality on the basis of the existing opportunities in the society can be explained by the society’s existing unequal distribution of chances that can enable an individual to succeed in the society. Important measures that can illustrate a society’s inequality of opportunities include the ways different people within the society are treated by the criminal justice system, health status of different social classes in the society, and the level of education attained in different classes in the
Compare and Contrast of "Economic Inequality: It's Far Worse than You Think" and "Inequality and the American Dream" Both of the following articles, "Economic Inequality: It's Far Worse than You Think" and "Inequality and the American Dream" share their own opinions on the "American Dream", and how it relates to the American economy as well as the lives of all United States citizens. They also have written about the inequality Americans face, the poor distribution of wealth, and the substandard social mobility; how difficult it is to climb through economic society for the lower and middle class. "Economic Inequality: It's Far Worse than You Think" and "Inequality and the American Dream" both share similar descriptions of the "American Dream", how hard work and talent are the keys to success, success being wealth and social status. "Inequality and the American Dream" states that "…America defines itself by a collective dream: the dream of
According to Naiman (2012), a social class is a group which have “a distinct relation to the means of production..” Each society will have different hierarchies and labels that divide the population into different social classes. Social classes are different in each society. Generally speaking, how social classes are divided all depends on how distal or relative one would be to resources. The ownership of resources is different from someone working to make resources and therefore they would be in two different social classes. “Class conflict” is summed up with “the unequal distribution of resources…also the consequent unequal distribution of power.” (Naiman, 2012) Class conflict is a very popular theme as it is something that society within itself has struggled with for many years.
Bereavement. Elderlies also shared that they have grieved over the death of their loved ones. This experience is one of the most stressful life situations of elderlies which may predispose them to mental health problems. Bereaved elderlies can be assisted to deal with their situation using the following: Be present and listen with compassion to support in the grieving process. One of the most difficult experiences in life is the death of a loved one as it brings painful emotions such as anger, sadness and guilt and can make the bereaved feel isolated.
“Ragnar Nuskre once said that a country is poor because it is poor.” (Nuskre) It is very hard to identify who is living in poverty or what makes a person poor, does it mean poor only in the sense of money but also in terms of basic necessities they receive for example clothing but we know this for certain that people who are discriminated against or disadvantage tend to be poor for example in India it is seen that people who belong to the Dalit community are poor. We first have to identify what does poverty actually mean? United Nations defines poverty as “the inability of getting choices and opportunities, a violation of human dignity. It means lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society. It means not having enough to feed
As we have argued, at the conceptual level inequality refers to achievement variation among people or between groups of people. The geographical or administrative units such as the districts is brought into the analysis of inequality on the assumption that groups of people are delimited in such a way that people will be able to identify themselves as belonging to this or that district. This does not seem to be a very reasonable assumption. While it is true that the locality one belongs to may form one of the dimensions in one’s identity, it is not clear whether the district is the relevant unit. It would perhaps be more reasonable to treat inequality as the variation among socio-demographic groups rather than over the administrative units.
In a nutshell, the theory posit that stratification holds that inequality is harmful to society because it creates a fixed system of winners and losers. Again, losers who are at the bottom of the social stratification have little opportunity to improve their situation since those at the top tend to have far more political and economic power. Antonio Gramsci Cultural
Cultural Deviance Theory is a, “branch of social structure theory that sees strain and social disorganization together resulting in a unique lower-class culture that conflicts with conventional social norms” (Siegel, 2018, P. 581). Acts that are viewed as deviant vary between social orders. Deviance can be said to be socially built; the general public chooses what is degenerate, individuals or an individual can be named as aberrance because of their societal position, race, ethnicity