It’s a time when individuals try to get acquainted with each other and discuss issues while observing the general environment. At this stage, members seek absolute guidance because they don’t realize the functionality of personality in the group. Additionally, during this stage, members tend to show the good side of their character i.e. tries to be respectful and avoid attitude that will not portray a basic decorum. Finally, there’s an excitement of involvement in the formation of a group meant to accomplish a purposeful task and members get to discover how the group will function in their various roll (Bauer & Erdogan, 2009, p. 191).
Cooperation involves idea sharing, listening, and it seeks to find the best path to success for the group. The next level of the pyramid includes selfcontrol, alertness, initiative, and intentness. Self-control is needed for discipline. Loss of self-control may negatively impact performance. Alertness is being able to observe and learn from what is going on around you.
The information-processing theory gives an overview of the attitude change and reminds us to involve number of components. It also makes us remember that the attitude change is difficult and the successful attempts need to accomplish the effects of these previous steps. The second model is the heuristic-systematic model; it is classified into two types; the systematic processing and the heuristic processing. The systematic processing claims that the examination of a message has effort and carefulness and it can be affected by situational variables. The other heuristic processing is simpler as people use rules to create judgments.
Each of these strategies were imperative to determining which of the two methods of persuasion being examined in this article were more effective. By looking at the separate branches of the ELM determines how involved a member is and how this affects the way people receive the persuasive messages. Central route processing allows people who are more invested in a subject to be more persuaded by informational messages such as the ones displayed in the article. Peripheral route processing however, causes people who are less invested in the message to be more persuaded by testimonials. The likert-scale seemed to be an effective way to measure this information because it allowed people to speak what they felt through a variety of provided options.
When communicating with others, it is very important to show a positive impression using non-verbal, this can determine how your verbal communication is received by others. Non-verbal communications are things like eye contact, your posture, body movements and expressions you use when talking to others. All the actions that a customer would notice, it gives a general impression on how interested you are and if others around you are able to judge if you are interested or listening to them. Lack of non-verbal communication can give the customer a bad impression of you. 1.2 Describe
Peer Mediators must learn how to decipher from two sides of an argument, then suggest a solution that both party's can agree to. Peer Mediators must understand skills like attentive listening. Without attentive listening the Mediator could become lost in the argument. Note taking is also a good skill for Peer Mediators to practice so they can reflect back to the problems of each
I say this because there are many situations in which one can say something is definitely wrong or right, however, another person's perspective can see something being wrong as it being right and vice versa. I believe it is important that one distinguishes the difference between morality and opinion, however, it is also important to understand that one's moral can be heavily influence the opinions they have formed through their personal experience. I believe my small group was being honest with their answers. Whenever there was a disagreement, we as a group would discuss why we believe what we believe to try to get a better understanding of the decision to answer something a certain way. During our discussion I noticed a lot of the group members answered differently because the way we were all raised was differently and we come from a different religion.
It is called “Socratic questioning”: Clarifying, Challenging assumptions, Evidence, Counter, and Right question. In terms of Clarifying question, the helper can ask “Can you explain further?” As an example of the Challenging assumptions “What, always?” Once the helpers try to get deeply, they can seek their emotions by asking “How do you know that?” as Evidence. In addition, helpers also can shift the client’s interpretation into another view by asking “Could this be interpreted in another way?”. Lastly, when it comes to right question, the helpers can address to the clients “was the question the right one or is there another issue/ question?” (“What is”,
A list by Live Smart Coaching (2012) presents the aim of counseling which are (1) it offers a safe and reflective space for us to bein to make sense of the chaos and worry that we find ourselves in, (2) it enables us to explore more on what troubles us and the past events that caused the present problem, (3) it encourages us to take a look on our thoughts, feelings and behaviors at the moment, (4) it helps us in finding ways of changing our irrational emotions that would take us to a more secure place, and lastly (4) it gives us a change to understand and learn ourselves that will enable us to be in control of our life. In addition, the Japanese Association of Counseling Science identifies the three major goals of counseling as (a) facilitating human growth by emphasizing developmental perspectives, (b) advocating for prevention, and (c) helping to solve practical problems (Grabosky, Ishii & Mase, 2012). It will vary according to need but may be concerned with developmental issues, addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with crisis, developing personal insights and knowledge, working through feelings of inner conflict or improving relationships with others (Sheppard,