With the previous analysis of methodology in mind, analyzing the truisms brings some interesting observations. It is easy to take the truisms for granted, as truisms aim to state the truth with a certain blatancy, but truisms are not quite the same as the truth. The meaning behind Holzer’s truisms fall apart when analyzing their validity. Many of the truisms presented could be viewed as self-evident, while others might be argued, and a select few may even be self-contradictory. Take for example, “it’s not good to hold too many absolutes,” ironically, this truism itself an absolute.
While logic is firmly rooted in reason, perceptions are just as firmly rooted in one’s senses and can easily be corrupted. Many kinds of faulty logic or perception interfere with our ability to think critically, for example, superstition, argument from ignorance, false analogies, irrelevant comparison and fallacies. Therefore, I believe that perception is certainly not reality and most mistakes in thinking are inadequacies of perception rather than mistakes of logics. Perception is defined as the ability to see, hear or becomes aware of something through the senses (Nature of Logic and Perception). However, since the senses are susceptible to personal interpretation, they are therefore potentially unreliable sources of data.
"Mind Over Heart" An action can either be made by reason or be influenced by emotion. The same thing can be said about solving conflicts, we either choose the reasonable path or allow the pressure of the problem to consume us, deterring us from the coherent path. People are often dubbed as rational beings, yet there are times we forget the gift of reason and act solely upon how we feel, overall making us unreasonable beings. The three narratives we have encountered are dissimilar in terms of solving conflicts because one uses reason as a guide on how to face the problem, while the other allows his emotions to blind him from what is right. Agamemnon is one of the key characters of Book One of Iliad, as a matter of fact, you can even say he was the one who made the whole story go round.
The only reason Haidt found success with his book is because he is exceptionally well at shifting the audience’s mood and mind towards his opinion using effective persuasion tools. So watch out, guys. You don’t want to fall for that. One of Haidt’s favorite tools used in Happiness Hypothesis is the values tool which is usually argued in the present tense. I believe appealing to someone’s values is the strongest way to charm the audience and make them trust your opinion.
I define skepticism two ways, both regarding an openness to new ideas. At first glance, one may believe that this perspective is the complete opposite of what skepticism is usually viewed as, for skepticism is normally explained as doubting concepts. Though I believe that if one is closed off to some ideas, mainly common held beliefs, then one must be open to others. For if one doubts ideas, it is because one has confidence in the fact that a contrasting idea holds truth. The second way I interpret skepticism is if one is constantly looking at these ideas that the they hold doubtingly, then it can be argued that one has to be open to them, for they are examining these ideas so closely and formulating their own opinion on
“Interviewing with Open-ended Questions” When conducting an interview it’s important that paralegals and lawyers obtain as much information as possible during the interviews. One way to make sure this happens is by asking open ended questions, Open ended questions are designed to encourage a full, meaningful answer using the subject 's own knowledge and/or feelings. It is the opposite of a closed-ended question, which encourages a short or single-word answer. Open-ended questions are important also because have proven to be more objective and less leading than asking a closed-ended questions which will get you a yes or no answer. Being a paralegal in conducting an interview you want to make sure that the open-ended questions that you’re asking are staring with words like
His inquiry is good because it leads us to question what we have easily accepted in the past. Instead of looking deeper into what a question can do and finding out that questions have a “mind opening effect” (18) one might have simply accepted that questions find us
Learning all people sin, treating people with respect and learning from critiques are a couple key qualities found in a humble person. Being truly humble can really set a society free by, they will be more worried about the facts then how popular they are. When people become truly humble they will be more willing to admit their knowledge capacity limit, that can lead to better understanding the world and people. Intellectual humble people are opened up to a bigger world, as they see thing differently than self-centered people. Although this is not the most important it surly should not be
These six principles go together and can be used easily by just putting forth the effort. The first principle can easily be done by just showing that you care about the other person is talking about and by genuinely paying attention. Smiling is something that makes you seem welcoming and very easy to do all the time. People would rather talk to someone smiling that someone who is not. As well, saying someone’s name in a conversation can dramatically make them more interested in what you are saying.
Positive language – positive language is about using phrases that show that you are taking responsibility for your actions and that you value people’s opinions and show that you can learn from others Negative language – negative language is using phases like ‘to be honest…’ this shows that you are most likely not an honest person and have lied in the past. Leaving out that ‘to be honest…’ at the start of a sentence makes it more positive’ Active engagement – active engagement is listening to someone but also taking part and asking questions, this more likely to help you to learn and understand something. Sitting there passively will not necessarily help you at
Cognitive biases are tendencies to think in certain ways that can lead to systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment. This bias occurs when people are processing and interpreting information in the world around them and attempting to simplify it would skew the processing while making decisions. Not all biases are bad, however they can lead to errors in situations such as social pressures, emotions, or individual motives that would limit the human thinking. Perceptual bias is a tendency to perceive or notice some aspects of an available image or piece of data while ignoring others. Perceiving expectations while focusing attention on a particular set is remaining selective and can be distinguished by emotional connotation,
She describes prosocial emotions practically by using great methods, happy embarrassment and vicarious pride. To explain each emotion, she organizes structure well to provide the map of her thoughts to readers. Also, this clear structure helps McGonigal’s text flow smoothly so that readers could follow her points easily. When readers look for certain concepts from her passage, they could easily find them because of her organized structure. Not only clear structure, she brings many different experts’ quotations to prove her arguments as logical information.