Universal Health Care In the past 100 years, the United States government has endured many difficulties dealing with the faults present in America's private healthcare system. Even though the federal and state governments have tried stepping in more recently and were able to lessen the negative impacts produced by the system, there are many more that still need to be addressed. As of 2014, 33 million people in the U.S. lack health insurance, resulting in more bankruptcies and deaths for those with and without insurance (Right to Health Care). By the U.S. government nationalizing health care, the result would be a healthier nation overall, with respect to life expectancy, the work force, and debt. Although not without flaw, universal health
The Affordable Care Act, (ACA) often referred to as Obamacare, was signed into law March 23rd, 2010 and has quickly become a nightmare to millions of citizens nationwide. While there were fortunate people who benefited from the heavily subsidized and affordable healthcare that was not readily available before ACA was passed, many more people found that their once affordable healthcare was no longer an option due to new ACA requirements (how so?). ACA was designed to extend insurance benefits to roughly 30 million uninsured Americans. The Obama administration aimed to extend Medicaid and provide federal subsidies so lower and middle-class Americans could afford to buy private insurance. This act alone forced millions of Americans out of their
On the other hand, advanced laparoscopy is a skill that may not come easily to all despite effort and we look to robotics and other innovative instruments to make the skill accessible to more surgeons. It is hoped that Moore’s law of technology and economies of scale (4) will drive the costs down to democratize the adoption of innovative instruments and robotic technology. In drug development however, we are seeing the reverse effect with costs of drug development doubling every nine years and the fruit of new pharmaceutical products out of reach of the majority of the world’s population; this effect was ironically dubbed Eroom’s law(5). Likewise, though spatial cramming can be improved on electronic circuitry, the actual cost of product development for hardware rises steadily and we watch sadly as the price tags of each new surgical tool rise and our hopes of unfettered use sag inversely. Truly free markets will ensure the
globalization has profound effects on the U.S economy as well as job security. One key impact of globalization is that jobs in the fields of technology, customer service, accounting and finance are getting outsourced, to cut costs, which increases unemployment. While businesses are entering new markets, making greater profits, the average American citizen does not benefit from flourishing businesses, only stakeholders and businesses owners do. There soon will be a larger shortage of doctors and nurses since it’s expensive to pursue a career as a doctor. The highest economic growth is occurring in Brooklyn and NYC, in the healthcare and technology industries.
Between September 2010 and April 2011, the implementation of the health sector measures continues with the Minister Loverdos who raises the cost of the tickets and then introduces, for people without health insurance, the entire payment of all care at the expense of the citizen. At the same time, the budget of public hospitals was cut by 26%. As a result, the staff’s amount of work increased and waiting lists got longer. [KENTIKELENIS, A, et al(2011)] The reforms also concerned the pharmaceutical expenditure; the target was the reduction in the spending from €4,37 billion in 2010 to €2,88 billion in 2012 and to €2 billion by 2014. But many unexpected results were produced: some drugs became unavailable as a consequences of delays in reimbursement for pharmacies, which were becoming over-indebted; moreover, pharmaceutical companies reduced supplies because of unpaid bills and low profits.
Health equity has become an increasingly popular research topic during the past 25 years. The increased popularity as a research topic reflects that a growth of interest in health equity on the part of policy makers, donors, non-government organizations (NGOs), and other stakeholders. Hundreds of published papers on the health equity have uncovered that many countries in the world have been implementing the reforms of the healthcare systems, in ways which are management systems of the healthcare are being improved and modernized financially and technically. The main aim of the reforms in most low and developing countries is to provide universal health coverage to the citizens. The universal health coverage (UHC) refers to securing the
It can be argued that vaccinations are expensive and may not treat the disease. “Together, since 1986, they have pushed up the average cost to fully vaccinate a child with private insurance to the age of 18 to $2,192 from $100, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” (“Vaccine Costs Soaring”). This is an excessive amount of money, but in most cases insurance covers the cost of vaccinations because they are so important for the human body. If people are concerned about the price of something that can save a child’s life; then they have the wrong
The ability to transport an imaging device to a patient's bedside, whether in the intensive care unit or emergency room, increases patient care quality and survival rates. The cost of ultrasound machines is immensely lower than its imaging counterparts such as CT scans, and handheld or laptop devices may be purchased for around only ten thousand dollars. The availability of this relatively inexpensive device designates it the perfect candidate for endeavors in third world countries or in the war effort. Throughout the past fifty years, ultrasounds have evolved
Introduction Huaneng Power International (HPI) was founded on June 30, 1994, during a time of strong economic growth and development throughout the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The mandate of HPI was to supply power for the PRC’s fastest-growing provinces, because “it became clear that the current industry structure would be insufficient to meet the projected demand” (White, 1998). However, in order for HPI to allocate the needed power supply it needed to expand its current company, i.e. allow for constant technological innovation, improve its transportation network, and acquire rights to more plants; this vast expansion required an estimated RMB34.4 billion (White, 1998). HPI was faced with several obstacles while choosing between different alternatives to obtain capital needed for expansion.
How Is Healthcare Sector Leveraging Big Data Technologies? The global population of human beings has been roughly estimated to have touched the figure of 7 billion by now. Also, the last two decades have seen a very high surge in the world getting digitally connected in an amazing way – thanks to the rapid penetration of computers, the Internet and finally the mobile phone internet access that has now brought even the remotest areas of third world nations and most advanced regions of developed nations on the same platform. Together, these two facts give rise to a startling observation – the world is growing fast in human population with more complex and voluminous health challenges to be met with, and this human population is churning out
“The outlook in this field is extraordinarily favorable, diagnostic medical sonographers and ultrasound technicians should experience job growth of 46 percent nationwide between 2012 and 2022 ranking the field among five fastest growing occupations in the country and resulting in 27,000 new jobs” (Boyle). The job for this career should grow in most regions but it is likely to vary geographically with most states having a fast growth than the nation’s average. The five most regions where the jobs of sonography is growing the fastest during 2012 and 2022 is Puerto Rico, Texas, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado. The averages for each region is, Puerto Rico 58. 7 percent, Texas 57.6 percent, Arizona 54.9 percent, Utah 54.1 percent, and lastly Colorado with 51.3 percent.
Therefore, the government will not negotiate any prices with businesses. This system is the primary cause of cost shifting, since the introduction of Medicaid and Medicare. The cost of healthcare increases every year, without government stimulus the revenue will keep declining. Since the introduction of the ACA coverage expansion, new questions were raising as to what would happened to the methods of reimbursements. Unfortunately, the ACA will be finance in part by reducing payments to hospitals and any other healthcare practitioners, according to Shi, L., & Singh, D. (2012).
On the other hand, supporters show through statistics that Medicaid, with the latest addition of Obamacare, has benefited up to 17 million Americans since 2013. The big improvement allowed many people to be insured under the health care umbrella, they argue. Furthermore, ACA has drastically reduced the amount of people without health insurance in half a century. Despite the growth of people insured with Obamacare, the latest study by Moody’s Investors Service claims that nonprofit hospitals under this expanded Medicaid are unsatisfied with the results thus far. Instead of a result of reduced debt and monetary progress at hospitals, they face unpaid bills, and Americans paying out of their own pockets, the study says.
The increased life expectancy associated with the improved health conditions has resulted in the increasing and ongoing rise of the elderly population in most societies. Projections show that, by the year 2050, there will be approximately two billion older people across the world, most of who will be living in developing countries. Population aging in Brazil is a phenomenon derived from technological advances in the field of health, particularly the reduced child mortality, the decreased fertility due to the introduction of contraceptive methods, the expanded vaccination coverage and the use of antibiotics and chemotherapic drugs that enabled the prevention and healing of many diseases. Although old age is a universal process, its experience has a great distinction by gender, mainly because there is higher number of elderly women, as aging runs its course. This phenomenon is characterized as the feminization of old age, adding to this the fact that there is the onset of several chronic diseases, among them depression and its symptomatology.
Unwillingness of health care workers to take vaccination forces Governments and institutions to enact the mandatory vaccination process. Multiple strategies to enhance vaccination rate for healthcare workers in a large Midwestern health care organization with 26,000 employees remained low until vaccination was made mandatory for employment and the rate increased from less than 50% to 95% (Babcock, Gemeinhart, Jones, Dunagan, & Woeltje, 2010) . This shows that mandatory vaccination is effective in increasing the vaccination rate. Healthcare workers were willing to be vaccinated given the choice of vaccination or loss of employment. Their previous refusal to be vaccinated may not be deep rooted.