Steps have been taken to end this injustice, and over the years the Wage Gap has narrowed, but yet is substantial. The 2009 Lilly Ledbetter Act, protects a woman’s right to take action against pay discrimination is not enough. Despite of laws that don’t allow gender wage gap, it continues. “Federal law already prohibits gender-based pay discrimination, but violations are hard to prove and wage gaps persist in nearly every industry” (Cowely). This indicates that the government needs to pass additional wage equality legislations with severe consequences if violated and also ways to expose the employers that practice this injustice.
In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue. In addition to the physical differences between men and women, different hours of work, importance degree of children, and occupational selections also influence different earnings. First of all, hours of work in some ways determine a person’s
Germany government has adopted several strategies to make their labor market flexible aiming to increase employment rates. However, many experts argue that unemployment can negatively affect social cohesion and even individual well-being. The research question within this article is how employment insecurity affects social alienation. Researchers built three hypotheses. First, “Social well-being is associated with the extent of labor market integration: unemployed than employed, temporary than permanent, and temporary agency employment than fixed-term employment workers are more likely to suffer social exclusion.” Second, “The association of labor market integration and social well-being is partially mediated by the economic situation, social resources and social status.” Lastly, “Individuals who are both affected by employment insecurity and relatively little economic resources shows higher levels of perceived social exclusion than individuals experiencing employment insecurity, but having more economic resources.” Dependent variables are social exclusion and well-being.
Without the crutch of illegal immigrants holding us back, our U.S. economy can prosper more than ever. Due to the current economic slowdown, labor demands had been reduced and has forced many out of work. Due to the large income of unskilled workers has allowed employers to give out low wages and actually allow there to be horrible working conditions. There seems to be a solution to this. By reducing low-skill immigration, we can strengthen the labor market and as well as increase wages along with them for the American people.
Gender Pay Gaps Introduction Gender pay gap by definition is the earning differences between women and men in paid employment in labor market. It is one of the many indicators of gender inequality in a country when examining labor market participation in terms of gender (OECD). The study “Global Employment Trends for Women” published by the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2018 provides current information about the global gender pay gap. When looking at the decline or increase in the pay gap between women and depend all on the data available and change between regions and countries. According to the ILO, the progression of the gender pay gap is slow in Europe and Central Asia.
The gender pay gap is the difference between earnings made by men and earnings by women. The Gender pay gap is generally due to various reasons, such as differences discrimination in hiring process, differences in negotiations for pay, differences in education choices, differences in the jobs men can go compare to women can’t easily go for. Some factors that cause the gender pay gap: • Women leave and re-enter the workforce to meet their family and children expectations • Low pay for some jobs, like childcare due to historical trends that continue • Lower educational levels of women due to traditions • Discrimination in the hiring process, compensation and promotion at workplace. Annotated Bibliography Quast, L. (2015, November 22). The Gender Pay Gap Issue Is Fixable -- But May Require Bolder Actions To Overcome.
Economic conditions are linked to divorce patterns. Recession may lead to either an increase in divorce rate due to the stress mechanism or it might reduce divorce by worsening cost barriers or strengthening family bonds. According to the data, the reverse of the the assumption that divorce rates shoot up when the economic times are bad as discontented couples fight to make ends meet and even the opulent couples struggle is true. In this paper, we'll study the affect of economic trends on marriage and divorce and the link between divorce and recession. Secondly, we’ll study whether the change in divorce rates is actually due to emotions or because of finances.
Perrons (2003, p.68) argues that this new economy has created a digital divide, which has the potential to reinforce divisions of gender, class, ethnicity and race. Furthermore, women are more likely to be represented in lower-paid employment, while there is an over-representation of educated white middle-class men in high-level jobs within these professions. This new economy has also fostered a different approach to employment, which is characterised by risk. Gill (2002) draws on Ulrick Beck’s notion that society is shifting to a second modernity, which has been brought about by innovations in technology and globalisation. A stable career was considered the norm in the twentieth century industrial age, however, the concept of a permanent career is being increasingly
Generally speaking, this process constrains girls and women more so than boys and men. One example we see in present day is that women would earn less then men globally. This also reinforces gender differentiation in households when couples that become parents often ‘choose’ to have the female parent take time off to mind their child due to her lower wages (Kane, 2012). On the other hand, although gender inequalities advantage boys and men in many ways, scholars have found
Introduction: Unemployment generally defined as the number of persons who are willing to work for the current wage rates in society but not employed currently. Unemployment reduces the long run growth potential of the economy. When the situation arises where there are more other resources for the production and no man power leads to wastage of economic resources and lost output of goods and services and this has a great impact on government expenditure directly (Clark, 2003). High unemployment causes less consumption of goods and services and less tax payments results in higher government borrowing requirements. The impact of the unemployment is seen with the individuals and household curtailing the consumption drastically to meet financial