Herbert Spencer's Theory Of Evolution

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Positivism, the philosophical theory that appeared as a product of the Enlightenment period in the early nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century which main aim is to use a scientific method to study social sciences by observation with objective standards, rather than biased mindset standard based on questioning. It started by August Comte who denied all the existence of theoretical entities and believed that causality was not reducible to observation and, every individual science has unique features, just like social process. His idea influenced many thinkers and the concept of positivism started to develop by the time. Herbert Spencer is one of the early philosophers of positivism who was interested in making the study of psychology…show more content…
This essay concentrates on Herbert Spencer theory of evolution, it will be presented by dividing his theory to four parts, firstly the similarity of the Society and Biological creature, secondly Evolutionary Phases of Societies thirdly, the Industrial and Militant Societies and finally The ultimate man and the final form of Society and each part of them will include the detailed description and the criticism.
Spencer was influenced by the early positivism and that made him use a biological metaphor, and the social body (Levine, 1995). The metaphor with Spencer was more than another philosopher because he argued that the social body preserve itself, as a physical body would do, by appropriating from the earth what they need from clothes, food and so forth (McKinnon.2010) . Despite the fact that Spencer was influenced by comets work he also disagrees with him in many cases, for instance, Comte believed that the high priests of positivistic religion should lead the society and
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Secondly, both of them increases or expand and lose the simplicity that they used to have in the first stage of their life. Thirdly, as a result of the expanding differentiation, both of them depend on others among the basic parts at the begging until they turn on to following each other in everything. Lastly, the life of the total and complete body of both of them becomes independent with a far more extended than the life of the elemental parts
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