The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 expanded cotton to be one of the most profitable on the North American main land and it also expanded slavery. Cultivation of cotton took extensive measures for example; they cleared forests and drained swamps to fit the cultivation of cotton. A rise in African American bondage occurred in the region from the Atlantic coast to Texas. Numbers grew fastest in the newer cotton producing states that included Alabama and Mississippi. Though tobacco, rice, and sugar played a tremendous role in the country economically.
Virginia and Maryland both had huge plantations and urban development, unlike colonies one New England. The main difference in Maryland and Virginia colonies is that Maryland planted other crops than tobacco and had other ways of making money including shipbuilding. Tobacco was not as successful in Maryland due to geographical issues . Both colonies had indentured servants. Indentured servants later became slaves and we’re a huge population of both societies.
One of the major reasons that Virginia had a greater amount of slave was due to Chesapeake plantation which demanded a large amount of slaves to cultivate plantation. Meanwhile, up north in Massachusetts in the New England region slavery was not as high demand as in the south. By the 17 century their social structure was based on cultivators and plantation, and population was at its highest peak in 1760 due the slavery trade. The North and south Caroline brought their profit mostly by the slave trade since the southern region demanded high range of
However, another significant contrast caused by the establishing intentions was the economy of the two. As specified beforehand, the Chesapeake economy spun around the tobacco business, which prepared for different enterprises too. Slave exchange depended completely on the tobacco ranch proprietors as a market to pitch the slaves to. Moreover, the tobacco sufficiently raised to back the importation of contracted hirelings, who might then go to work the tobacco, expanding the creation further. It turned into a cycle, with the outcome being the regularly expanding creation and offer of the tobacco.
They did much of the labor work for the southern colonies cash crops. New England colonies had a hot/humid climate so they weren’t able to do any farming like the southern colonies. The New England colonies did not have slaves, this is a big difference between the two and many slaves form the southern colonies would try to escape to the New England colonies since slaving wasn’t allowed there. But the New
A boom in the production of rice had caused for the amount of slaves in South Carolina to increase drastically. Men were put on rice fields to work, which caused conflict. The background of the slaves also held a great deal of importance. The slaves knew how to fight, which would be a problem
Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
The cotton gin triggered the South to use slaves in the fields, causing a huge transformation in the cotton industry. The growth of slavery rose drastically. African countries would sell thousands of slaves to the South. Soon, the South’s economy would depend entirely on slavery to grow their cotton industry. However, the North was based on manufacturing.
What ultimately led to the shift from white servants to black slaves was a series of uprisings. As the tobacco boom and the shortage of labor continued, Virginian landowners pushed legislation that would indenture servants for longer periods of time, these provisions were met with backlash and as a result, the colonies saw an influx of indentured servant rebellions. The largest of these rebellions was Bacon’s rebellion; since many of the whites who came to America as indentured servants had aspirations to becoming landowners themselves after their contracts expired, by the landowners extending it and making it more difficult for them to exit their service, in a way, they felt they were being duped by false promises (Takaki 58). Nathaniel Bacon led this rebellion and resulted in whites and blacks to take arms and rise against landowners in what would be the largest uprising until the American Revolution (Takaki 60). One of the concerns raised as a result of this rebellion is that whites were legally able to obtain while blacks could not.
The solution, slaves. The more slaves the more sugar that could be produced was the idea that most plantation owners had. These slaves were owned by wealthy British men. The rich men had enough money to buy lots of slaves and produce lots of sugar. This brings back the main idea because none of the sugar could have been produced without any of the labor.
In New England, the soil quality and weather was much less lucrative. Crops such as tobacco or sugar couldn’t survive the cold weather or rocky topsoil, so colonists had to find other means to make money. Out of this dilemma rose the development of the lumber, fishing, and fur pelt trade. The availability of lumber for ships, the abundance of fish in the area, and the rich pelts of the northeastern wildlife helped lead to the development of an economy that became focused on a merchant
The slave masters made lots of money off of the cotton they’d produced. So the wanted to produce more and this caused them to buy more slaves. To feed king cotton more than 1 million slaves were taken to the deep
Southern states then went on to open trading passageways with other countries to trade cotton and slaves. Eli Whitney was an inventor who created the cotton gin. The cotton gin is a machine that precisely separates the seeding that is incased inside of it. Although this machine quickly separated seeds from the cotton, there was a drastic increase in the demand for the production of even more cotton. As a result, more slaves were needed
Even though the West Indies were also dominated by plantations, there was still a separation because it was French controlled. The French influenced the culture, the food and the government system. Georgia was getting a very different feel than the others because it was a debtor’s colony and certainly had no nobility and no people who thought they