Hernan Cortes was an explorer and soldier from Spain. He always felt that he could make his future in the Americas. He wanted to explore the new world and take advantage of the new opportunities that he can earn, while he was exploring. Cortes wanted to be something else in life besides an explorer or soldier. He wanted to be a big conquer of the Americas. He believes in virtu and fortuna. He was a very brave and intelligent man. Did he make his dream became true and conquest the Americas?
The first step that Hernan Cortes took was sail to Santo Domingo (now the Dominican Republic) in 1504, his first key achievement came in 1511, when he helped to conquer what is now Cuba with Diego Velazquez. After this Cortes gained a lot of power and good …show more content…
One of Cortés’ men contracted smallpox from a member of the force from Cuba. That soldier died during the Aztec rebellion, and when his body was looted, an Aztec caught the disease, which spread like wildfire because the Aztec people had no immunity to it.
Cortés regrouped and attacked Tenochtitlán in full force in 1521. At that time, the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlan.
It is uncertain how Montezuma died. Some scholars state that, disgusted with him, the Aztecs stoned him to death. The Aztecs eventually drove the Spanish from the city, but Cortes returned again to defeat them and take the city in 1521. King Charles I of Spain appointed him the governor of New Spain the following year.
Later on Cotes In 1524, governor Cortes went to Honduras to quell a rebellion against him. He stayed for two years, and when he returned to Mexico he found himself removed from power. Cortes traveled to Spain to plead with the king, but he was never again appointed to
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First of all Hernan Cortes was searching for the New World and happened to find Central America. Second of all he had no choice, Hernan Cortes feared an attack forcing him to take Montezuma hostage. Some might also argue that Hernan Cortes was a villain because he brought many diseases with him killing many people. But Hernan Cortes didn’t know he was carrying any diseases. Therefore the spread of diseases isn’t Cortes’ fault he didn’t know what would come of his
Outnumbered and fearful of being overrun, Hernan Cortes captured and imprisoned Montezuma in 1520. Cuitlahuac to took over as Emperor retaliated. He led an offensive that drove the Spaniards out Tenochtitlan, Montezuma was killed during the revolt. Deadly small pox brought aboard by the Spanish, severely degraded the Aztec population killing thousands including Cuitlahuac.
Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top.
When moving into the city, diseases were being spread due to Spanish which made many individuals of the tribes to fall ill due to horrible immune systems. Cortes carried approximately 500 men with him during the time he began invading the area. The town was scared to see Cortes invading their area because each individual knew that their life would be destroyed within a couple of days. Cortes wrote to his king “They [the Aztecs] have a most horrid and abominable custom which truly ought to be punished...” (Marcus, 4) Cortes knew that he was capable of destroying the town since he had an army to back him up.
Cuitlahuac Soon died from Chickenpox. Then Cuauhtémoc took throne, how is Cuitlahuac’s nephew. The Spaniards brought Chickenpox, Measles, Mumps, and a few other dieses from Europe. It is estimated that almost 80 percent of the Aztec population was killed by dieses, this is because the Aztecs having no immunity to these dieses what so ever.
As a child, Juan started accompanying his father in the raids against the Indians. Juan also led many campaigns at his own cost. When Juan was just twenty years old, he started defending and expanding Spanish settlements in the northern part of Mexico by conquering the Indian communities. Although Juan was born in New Spain, he never set his foot on the European land. Juan was a true Spaniard who devoted his life to the church, the king and the expansion of his empire.
The Aztec leader Montecuhzoma was a poor leader, he wasn’t concerned about the wellbeing of his people. In Broken Spears, readers will see that the Spaniards use nearby tribes to take over the Aztecs land, the Spaniards killed men, women and children. When the Aztecs hear about what the Spaniards have done they become furious and plan to retaliate but are quickly stopped by the diseases brought by the Spaniards. The Aztecs are exposed to small pox and measles but the Spaniards were unaffected by the diseases because they are well known in Europe and they are exposed to diseases
Hernan Cortes was born on 1485 in Medellin, Spain. Medellion was neighbored by Estramuda, which was known for the large amounts of conquistadors that hailed from there (Herrick 130). Estramuda and the surrounding towns were also known for being strong supporters of the estemadura shrine which was the original inspiration for the name Guadalupe. Hernan Cortes first landed on Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) in 1504, he came with 600 men with the sole purpose of setting an establishing position in the Americas (Hamnett 59). There three
The Conquistador of the New World Cabeza de vaca had a purpose for taking sail in 1527. Cabeza de vaca wanted to establish settlements along the gulf coast. Cabeza de vaca's ship went off course so they had to build rafts and leave the ship after they left the ships a strong wind blew them out into the open sea. Some people say he landed in modern day galveston. Which he was healed captive as a slave for a tribe called charrucos, he was healed as a healer.
Another reason why Hernan Cortes had the greatest impact on exploration is because he was never afraid. When Hernan Cortes and his army were forced to recconed with the Aztecs, he stuck with his original plans. A lot of his men looked up to him because of
He was the elected the president of Mexico 11 times. After serving some time in exile he returned to Mexico because he saw an opportunity to seize power during the Mexican American War. He lost the War and Mexico lost most of its territory. He later lived most of his years in
The Spanish were able to colonize Mexico without much resistance.” After the smallpox epidemic, the Aztecs were even more vulnerable. The Spanish exploration and conquering of Tenochtitlan was to gain power for the Spanish empire, but the city’s people were somewhat considered rebellious, and consequently, Cortes needed to conquer/kill the people first. By taking down the people of the city, Cortes was exposed to the city’s great treasures for his reward of gold; he retrieved all the gold he could, and travelled back to Spain where he was labelled a hero for his acts of
As you can tell, Hernando Cortes was a very important explorer in history. Cortes had a great impact on our world. Cortes discovered many things. His first successful expedition reached the Mexican Coast in 1519. He was mistaken for Quetzalcoatl, a god/king of the people’s land.
The disease is believed to date back to the 3rd century BCE. (Center of Disease Control, n.d.) And only had its first analysis made in the 4th century CE which is near the end of the Aztecs and was only eradicated (not cured) in 1975 after several failed attempts. This shows that the disease could have been fairly mysterious to the Aztecs considering the first analysis was made about the time they ended in a country that would have had much more advanced technology in comparison to the Aztec’s. It also tells us that even if the Aztecs managed to figure out what was causing the suffering to their population they would have no means of stopping