As America grew in the years 1840 to 1870, the growing differences between the North and the South led to the American Civil War. The war began with the secession of the Southern states from the Union, yet even from the start the South had little chance of success. The North’s greater military strength due to it’s population advantage was the largest factor in the North’s favor, and combined with the South’s lack of military discipline due to their democratic values, and the weak economy in the South, the North’s victory was almost guaranteed. In 1861, the year that the Civil War began, the federal census statistics reveal the huge discrepancy in population between the North and South. For every five people in the North, there were only two in the South, even including the vast number of slaves which made up a third of the South’s population.
Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War. Raw cotton even after it became ‘profitable’ to sell was highly dependent on external forces, which meant that growing it was risky because it was a highly nutrient demanding crop. This meant that after using a field a few times for cotton production that you would have to move on, or grow something much less profitable. Only the top portion of the farmers in the South could afford to sustainably, and profitably produce cotton in large amounts. Most farmers in the South had much smaller farms, and more often than not would go into debt.
There existed reasons other than slavery on behalf of the South 's breakaway. The demonstrations of division in America coexisted many: utopian societies, clashes over public space, backlash alongside immigrants, urban rebellions, black demonstration, and Indian oppositions. America was a separated land in need of change with the South in the biggest demand. The South trusted heavily on agriculture, equally opposed to the North, which was vastly populated and an industrialized union. The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded.
The main causes of the US Civil War [Abstract] The American Civil War is the only civil war in American history. It exploded between the United States of American and Confederate States of American. On the one hand, eleven southern states formed the Confederate States of American for leaving the United States of American, which also called" the Confederacy" and allowed slavery. On the other hand, the US government and the states also formed another union, which briefly named "the North", each state where slavery was illegal supported the Union. War began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter held by a Union garrison .
The American Civil War is one of the main events in American history, and maybe the most important one after the revolution of 1776 which created the United States. The Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 and we can say that in some way it determined the kind of nation that the United States would be. Out of the existing 34 states at the time, approximately 10 of them had withdrawn from the United States and formed the Confederacy. The Confederate States of America, or the “South”, consisted of slave states, were slavery was legal. The remaining states, or the “North”, formed the Union.
The economic elements of 1861-1865 were very different for the North and the South. The North was doing very well, compared to the South. In the North they had to lay-off many workers and close down the textile industries because of the scarcity of cotton. However, the “arms, metalworking, boot making, and shipbuilding industries” were booming in the North (Keene, 391). The wages of the workers rose by about 40 percent, but the prices of goods rose at the same pace as the inflation rate averaged about 15 percent annually (Keene, 391).
The Civil War had started on April 12, 1861 and it is one of the most important wars fought in American history. The reason the chaos had started to spread was when “Abraham Lincoln won the election in 1860 as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven states in the deep south seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America” (Civilwar.org). The war had not yet started but it was inevitable. When seven states denied to be apart of the union it was impossible for war not to come. “The war began when the Confederates bombarded Union soldiers at Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Beginning in 1865 the american civil war was a political war between the differences of the north and south. Slavery created many of these differences along with the economic differences. The war was somewhat dependent on what side was able to take the advantages that they had and expose it to give them the greatest benefit. Both sides had their set of advantages and disadvantages, the north was able to capture the power of african americans and could grow more crops to feed their troops. Overall the Union captured what they saw as an advantage and exposed it to the point that it made winning the war a little easier.
The North went to war after the Confederacy bombed Fort Sumter. The Confederacy placed Robert E. Lee in charge of the Confederate forces. The United States general Ulysses S. Grant was in charge of Union Forces when the United States won the war. The Civil War lasted from 1861-1865 with about 625,000 casualties. The war ended when Ulysses S. Grant defeated Robert E. Lee at Appomattox
In order to have a sound comprehension of the differences between slavery in the nineteenth century and modern day enslavement, as well as the relevance and importance of the history of the slave trade in the twenty-first century, one must look past the apparent similarities in forced employment: manual labor, sex work, and self monetary gain. “For virtually all white Americans were no interested almost all profiting in some way--- financially, psychologically, or both--- from slavery’s growing empire”. Slavery in the nineteenth century was all about economic, political, and social growth for the United States. Near the beginning of the eighteen hundreds, the US was a country who’s wealth did not sustain its population. Slavery was the factory
The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
Two fundamental questions normally surround the history of any war: whether the war was inevitable and if it was necessary. These same questions emerge any time during debates regarding the American Civil war. The most cited cause of the Civil war is the secession of certain southern states that formed the Confederate States of America in January 1861. Thomas Bonner writes "Civil War Historians and the "Needless War" Doctrine" arguing that Southern Carolina seceded in 1860, followed by six other states by January the following year. A deep analysis of the events leading to the war indicates that the Union and the Confederates had profound ideological, economic, political, and social differences.
With no final agreement, the country had no other choice but to go to war with itself. The slow decline of the, once powerful, Southern economy and the major issue of the abolishment of slaves are what led to the cause of the American Civil War. While economics and political structure played an important role in the cause of the Civil War, slavery was the main reason why altercations arose. Many historians and teachers try to hide the fact that slavery was such a huge factor in the cause of the Civil War because they looked at slavery as the “norm”. To them, the differences between the Republicans and Democratic formed great disagreement.