Australia’s international relationships had a significant impact in World War 2, and this was because of Australian’s security was threatened by Japan, because Australia was sacred of Britain not doing a great job helping us against Japan, so there was one chance to save them and that was to call America for help. When a number of Australian troops returned from the Middle East after John Curtin ordered them to complete an action in Syria. This led to a bad relationship with the British prime minister, Winston Churchill, because Britain want Australia to help them in the war against Germany. As all Australians knew Britain were the ‘mother country’ they will help them but John Curtin went against the partnership with Britain and want to defend Australia, not send all troops to Britain. Curtin invited the Commander of Allied Forces in the Pacific, Douglas MacArthur to help out Australia for the Japanese invasion which made drastic change in Australia’s relation with Britain and USA.
In order for them to support the war, the government used propaganda to evoke feelings of nationalism. While the United States joined the war as an opportunity to get revenge on Japan, propaganda was often censored to guarantee that Americans only saw the damage Japanese soldiers had done to Americans. To insure that Americans would not be put off and maintain the desire for war, images of dead Americans were prevented from being published to the public. (“Supporting Evidence”). Government officials knew that citizens were unable to withstand the gruesome photos taken of the realities of the war.
Japan attacked Hong Kong as it was under Britain, which were their enemies, and it would be a jab to them if they lost, and the Japanese were on a train ride, with every stop being another success; after winning against China, a huge country, Hong Kong didn’t seem like a strong opponent. And since they had just attacked Pearl Harbour and taken away multiple vessels from the USA, they knew that America would have cared more about Pearl Harbour. They also knew that the land was good land to own, as it can work in many different strategic ways. And in order to be able to collect this piece of land, the Japanese needed a large amount of soldiers. In the category of manpower, they delivered, as they sent 50,000 men, whereas the defence,
Kokoda began after the Japanese Imperial army invaded PNG in an attempt to capture Port Moresby and use it to launch an attack and invade Australia. The Battle of Kokoda was a Japanese attempt to isolate Australia from their allies of the US so that they could not use their resources and weaponry. Kokoda was a direct result of other failed attempts by the Japanese for example, the Battle of Coral Sea. Kokoda gave the Australian military the opportunity to fight a forward defensive battle on foreign soil rather than an attempt to repel an enemy from its sovereign soil, within its victory it assisted in improving the moral of both the soldiers and its citizenry by providing a much needed victory that showed the Japanese could be defeated. Additionally, it was the first occasion where the new alliance between the Australian and American forces was tested and with this the alliance was cemented not only for world war to but continuing to present
The Vietnam War proved to be the longest war in both Australian and American history in the 20th century but presented a lot of debate as well as mixed opinions about Australia’s actions and involvement. The USA, who lead the operation and campaign, purely took part in the War to prevent the spread of communism globally, and also to prevent the domino effect from occurring in neighbouring countries in Asia. Furthermore, the Viet Cong were fighting the North Vietnamese government to improve Vietnam, which was under communist rule. However the alliance with America that Australia had, through SEATO and also ANZUS treaties, played a major factor and also a trigger for our involvement. Australia feared communism, and was definitely a key threat which ultimately forced us to contribute to the Vietnam War.
In world war 1 the battle of Gallipoli gave Australians, as a nation, a chance to introduce them selves to the world, and to show Australia 's honourable independent nations morals. The landing on ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) cove on the 25th of April, 1915, ended up being catastrophic and took the lives of 136,425 young men originating from 6 different countries. The campaign took the lives of 8704 young Australian bread men. Though the movement was a calamitous defeat for the allies. Nevertheless, the Gallipoli effort gave time for Australian young men to see other lands and to observe and learn about very different cultures, from the Anglo-Saxon influenced society which they were raised upon.
In the early 1900s, due to Imperial Japan’s struggling transition from the feudal era to the modern era, Japanese immigrants were flooding into the West coast of America. Fearful of the rising number of Japanese immigrants, Americans would proceed to try and eradicate the “yellow peril”, leading to prejudiced exchanges and racist encounters with the Japanese-Americans. These encounters would drastically affect the Japanese-American community and ultimately lead to their internment during WWII. Because of Imperial Japan’s struggle to come into the modern age, its economy was increasingly worsened. The first Japanese-Americans, or Issei, came to America in the early 1880s, looking for work and adventure.
naval base Pearl Harbor, for no reason. The biggest reason for attacking Pearl Harbor was that the Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor’s fleet, was the only thing that stood in the way of Japan taking over the South Pacific. At first, Japan wanted to destroy China, because of their marketing, but it soon became much bigger than that(Pearl Harbor). World domination was their main goal. Another reason for the attack was our relationship with Japan, for at the time war was inevitable between us and Japan.
The article stated he won “Nobel prize for Literature and order of the Garter” (“Winston Churchill Prime Minister of United Kingdom”). From being ill and unhealthyhealthy, Churchill died on January 24 in 1965 at the age of 90. Britain and most of the world mourned for more than a week and remembered his legacy. Churchill was buried one mile away from where he was born, in Oxfordshire, his hometown. Few others can match what he has ever achieved.
The American people thought of the Japanese Americans as a security risk in the event of a Japanese invasion of the American mainland. State representatives took notice to the problems this hysteria was causing and put pressure on President Roosevelt to take action against those of Japanese descent living in the United States. On February 19th, 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. This order instated the relocation of all 127,000 American citizens
They supplied Britain, Soviet Union and China with war materials and even deployed troops to Iceland, relieving Britain soldiers. However, the sanctions against Japan only outraged them leading to the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Americans were entering the war by joining the RAF Squadron in Britain. On December 7, 1941 a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese changed
After the Doolittle Raid, the Japanese realized the US were still threats to their expansion. Admiral Yamamoto selected to attack the Midway Atoll a US outpost that the US would defend vigorously in order to destroy their fleet once, and for all. The breaking of one of Japan’s secure codes “JN 25”. When the US broke this code, it gave them information about the impending attack on the Midway outpost.Admiral Chester W. Nimitz decided with this information that the fight would be in the air so he left his battleships to the side while keeping the aircraft carriers in fighting shape. The result of this was the turning point of the Pacific War.
Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally. America became the prime candidate, as they were a direct opposition to communism and had ideals that acutely aligned with Australia. This compelled Australia to
Pearl Harbor was a devastating time for americans. The attack was located around the West coast, were the Japanese invaded the American territory. In this time we have to defend ourselves.”But when under conditions of modern warfare, our shores are threatened by hostile forces, the power to protect must be commensurate with the threatened danger....(Black,1944).” So in this time we used our defensive power when we are threatened by danger. So because of what they did to us we had to segregate the Japanese ancestry so we could be safe from a fear of an invasion. “The surprise attack at Pearl Harbor by the enemy crippled a major portion of the Pacific Fleet and exposed the West Coast to an attack which could not have been substantially impeded by defensive fleet operations(Dewitt,1943).