In a time of drastic change in America, adding such a controversial war to the mix of social issues seemed to many like an inappropriate decision. The Vietnam War, which lasted twenty years, from 1955 and 1975, was the battle for liberation of South Vietnam from North Vietnam. The communist North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was backed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and communist China in an attempt to overtake the South Vietnamese who were led by the Catholic minority, Ngo Dinh Diem. Before 1960, his corrupt and brutal ways were beginning to wear on his people. By 1963, the United States has decided that Diem must go and authorizes and assassination (Osman, 2 October).
1. What problems did the United States face in the Vietnam War? As the United States struggled against communism in Vietnam, it would face many problems. In the late 1950’s President Eisenhower and later President Kennedy sent military supplies and advisers to South Vietnam. Despite the American aid the Vietcong grew stronger with support from North Vietnam.
The Korean and Vietnam War were both wars the U.S seem to have lost and were examples of how scared the U.S was in the spread of communism. Both wars show the example of a theory called the Domino theory, which was a theory that if one country in the region fell into communism then all of them will. After World War 2 the U.S became a superpower and tensions between the Soviet Union started which made the U.S not want any countries fall into communism. The U.S became even more scared and worried when China fell to Communism. With China falling to communism this lead the U.S heavily involved in the region which lead to both Korean and Vietnam Wars, however what would happen if the U.S did not enter both wars.
The period from 1960’s to 1970’s was a hardship time for Americans because of Vietnam invasion. In an attempt to contain and defeat communism, the United States, oblivious of the enemy capability and filled with pride, invaded Vietnam at a cost of large financial expense and human lives. North Vietnamese military supported by forces of China and the Soviet Union fought the American force ferociously and was able to force America to end its invasion in 1975. As with most other third world countries, Vietnam also has a long history of colonization by European powers. The territory that occupies modern-day Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, was part of French-Indochina, as one of France’s collection of many colonies.
Reflection of this conflict was apparent in the American ethos, in which Americans feared that if “world communism captur[ed] any American state…a new and perilous front…will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater sacrifices from the American people” (Document B). As illustrated by Eisenhower, “the hysteria” of communism propagating into American society and threatening the American way of life was a very prevalent fear at the forefront of the Cold War (Document A). McCarthyism, a system established by Senator Joseph McCarthy in which he made unsubstantiated accusations of subversion or treason to America, acted as the culmination of this hysteria, directly reflecting the sentiments driving the American people. Eisenhower did not engage in any domestic policies to quell these “multiplicity of fears” (Document A). Instead he compounded them with legislation such as the “National System of Interstate and Defense Highways…connect[ing] 209 of the 247 cities having a population of 50,00 more and [serving as] the country’s principal…defense” (Document D).
Good morning ladies and gentlemen. After President John F. Kennedy’s death we need to work harder than ever. We have sent troops to South Vietnam to support the government, and to protect eh Air Force base conducting a series of bombing raids on North Vietnam. This series of bombings was starting to escalate the war in North Vietnam. On August 7, 1964 the Gulf of Tokin Resolution was passed to give congressional approval to expand the Vietnam War.
Australia were struggling for support now that they offered economic resources to the Japanese in January 1942. Japan 's Navy General saw Australia as a threat though to the Japanese new Western Pacific empire because of this empire they wanted to They wanted to take some of the main areas of the Australia 's northern mainland. The Japanese also feared that the United States would be able to use Australia as a base to concur the Japanese in the Western Pacific region so the later they could take back american territory that was already conquered by
4. John F. Kennedy was president through 1961 -1963 and was a firm believer in containing communism and made it clear that he would continue the same policy of former President Eisenhower in supporting the government in South Vietnam along with the ‘Domino Theory’ which suggested that if one country in a region were to fall under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino-like effect. While Kennedy had been warned that further involvement of warfare in Vietnam would only trap America in a “bottomless military and political swamp” he still decided to further fund and expand the Vietnamese army from “150,000 to 170,000” soldiers and agreed to send an “extra 1000 US military advisors to South Vietnam” n order to help train the new Army.
For Nixon, Vietnam was a two-front war, the battle was in Asia and America. Nixon, “saw himself engaged in a contest with the anti-war movement for the public mind in the United States and the private mind in Hanoi”. Clearly understanding that he would need public support, Nixon astutely identified the “silent majority” of American and gained their support for his policy of Vietnamization to end the Vietnam War. First, Nixon attempted an aggressive assault on North Vietnam with increased bombing raids. Soon it was realized the escalation and warfare would not be successful.
The Vietnam War was a long, costly armed conflict that matched the communist regime of North Vietnam and its allies from the South who are known as the Viet Cong who are against South Vietnam and its primary allies the United States. The war began in 1954 after Ho Chi Minh and his communist Viet Minh came into power in North Vietnam. The U.S. government viewed American involvement in war as a war to prevent communist takeover of South Vietnam as it is declared in the Truman doctrine. North Vietnam and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. This war were one of the conflicts that affected the intense cold war of the Soviet Union against the United States which are also known as the two superpowers.
It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers throughout South Vietnam. The Nixon presidency has been pivotal in debates on American Cold War foreign policy and domestic politics. Next, on day 2 by using comparison between the New York Time and the magazine . then, according to the New York Time, “Saigon, South Vietnam, April 30 - Communist troops of North Vietnam and the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam poured into Saigon today as a century of Western influences came to an end" (Esper). On the other hand, according to the magazine, “The Communist victory of 30 April 1975 from the South Vietnamese (Black April) for that defeat; the victors
We were supporting South Vietnam, a country that was in a war against North Vietnam. North Vietnam was being supported by the USSR to become communist. After WWII, Vietnam was split up into North and South. The North was ruled by a communist leader, Ho Chi Minh, while the South was ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem, who was somewhat supported by the U.S. He had a bit of a corrupt government, giving power to his family and arresting anyone that was communist.