General Grant did not want to accept this offer at first, due to the fact he would have to distribute his own armies supplies and living quarters to 30,000 soldiers. Instead, Grant came up with the theory that if he offered a plea to parole all of the Confederate soldiers, he would not have to manage the responsibilities of all of the Confederate soldiers. Despite the fact he did this, many soldiers were later exchanged back on July 6th to the Confederacy. After this, the renowned city of Vicksburg had come to an end, the city was destroyed by the Union and there was no turning back.
A year after the Overland Campaign was completed, and after months of desperately defending Richmond, the Confederates surrendered in April 1865, ending the Civil War. The Overland Campaign is significant because it was the first military campaign in which a military leader was able to look beyond a single decisive battle. Instead, Grant understood the operational level, and continued maneuvering his troops until the final strategic goal was reached. The results of the battles within the campaign had no clear winner and had high casualties on both sides, but the campaign itself was a strategic victory for the
Conscription is a very controversial issue that has since divided English and French Canadians. French Canadians see the Military Service Act as a way of forcing them to fight in distant wars that they have no connect with. Voluntary enlistment had been uneven in World War 1 and the military believer they could not maintain the Canadian Corps at full power without the implementation of conscription. Encouraged only by English Canadians, riots broke out across Quebec. The act was unevenly administered and there were many who opposed it.
In an effort to have the coalition government relinquish their power, thousands of Blackshirts entered Rome and demanded the resignation of the current Prime Minister. Surprisingly, without sufficient weapons or numbers, they succeeded and Mussolini became Prime Minister of Italy, and 3 years later became dictator. Mussolini would not have rose to power if the Italian people had not been broken from war. Following the Treaty of Versailles, Italy was left with thousands of wounded and missing soldiers, and not many spoils of war.
After only three years of war, Russia had 4,950,000 wounded soldiers, and over 1,700,000 casualties. By the war’s end, Russia had weakened their international relations, shrunk their grain, coal and oil industries, and due to the millions of casualties, left women as the primary caretakers and providers for their families. Nearly every aspect of Russian economy and society had completely deteriorated which ultimately led to the Russian Revolution, and it began in March of 1917. Known as the February Revolution, it marked the beginning of the nine month revolution that would dismantle the functionality of the country for decades after. It took place in Petrograd, the Russian capital at the time, and was supported by 90,000 men and women on strike.
During the next 20 years’ Australian citizens grew to consider themselves separate from ‘Mother Country’ making Australia a nation in its own right. This line of thought lead to people questioning if it was still acceptable to give everything they had for Britain. In particular, was it sensible to join a war no matter what the cost to
Total casualties at Antietam numbered 12,410 of some 69,000 troops on the Union side, and 13,724 of around 52,000 for the Confederates. The Union victory at Antietam would prove decisive, as it halted the Confederate advance in Maryland and forced Lee to retreat into Virginia. Still, McClellan’s failure to pursue his advantage earned him the scorn of Lincoln and Halleck, who removed him from command in favor of Ambrose E. Burnside. Burnside’s assault on Lee’s troops near Fredericksburg on December 13 ended in heavy Union casualties and a Confederate victory; he was promptly replaced by Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker, and both armies settled into winter quarters across the Rappahannock River from each other. ””Lee then moved his troops northwards and split his men, sending Jackson to meet Pope’s forces near Manassas, while Lee himself moved separately with the second half of the army.
He won every election but then he lost in 1976 to a Georgia governor and peanut farmer Jimmy Carter. When Gerald ford was president he announced “I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances... This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts." President Gerald Ford was born July 14, 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska.
King’s speech is a powerful and it gives a different view to the war in Vietnam. King was against everything about war and what it mean. He was against the way America did not help the poor in its own country, but it aids a war that is causing many deaths and is ruining lives on both sides of the fight. King provided several steps in his speech that he though America should make to get out of the conflict. King wanted to speak for both sides and wanted to be speak for the rest of the people that was also against the violent
involvement in Vietnam began gradually with small protests and demonstrations but eventually developed into an widespread anti-war movement. The scale and influence of the movement made the war unpopular in the U.S., swaying politicians to eventually support to end the war. In addition, America’s military leaders fundamentally misunderstood the nature of the war they were fighting. General Westmoreland, commander U.S. forces in Vietnam, had complete freedom of action in deciding how to fight the war. 5
During that time 116,000 were killed and 204,000 were wounded. In 1919, The Treaty of Versailles officially ended World War I. The treaty required that Germany accept full responsibility for causing the war, make war reparations to some allied countries, surrender some of its territory to surrounding countries, surrender African colonies and limit the size of its military.
During the 1850s, an idea of uniting Australia as one and forming a federation slowly emerged into the society. Many different opinions came up and at first but the idea didn’t appeal to many leading for it to be abandoned and left untouched for years. The communication and transport between nations was put behind the interests of the people as each colony thought that their own interests were more important and should be placed first. In the 1880’s though, people starting to give some serious thought on the idea of combining the nations that made up of Australia at that time and thoughts such as an uniform law system started to break the surfaces. On January 1st 1901, Federation was finally achieved and Australia was truly united as one.
It takes a lot of courage and manpower to run a country especially such a big one like Canada. William Mackenzie-King was born 1874, he served as prime minister from 1921-30 and 1935-48. Considering he served for twenty-three year and he served as the longest standing Canadian PM through the great depression and a world war, he made few mistakes mostly not recognizing and acting during the depression. William Lyon Mackenzie King was a semi-successful prime minister considering the economic and military conflict that was present in Canada at the time of his reign. He had a close friendship with the American prime minister, Franklin Roosevelt ultimately helping the Canadian and british war effort.
Sir Edmund Barton Sir Edmund Barton was Australia’s first Prime Minister and a strong advocate of Australian Federation. He was born in gleeb, the ninth child of William Barton and Mary Louise Whydah on the 18th of January, 1849. His parents were English immigrants who arrived in Australia 1824. Edmund Barton attended Fort Street school and then went on to Sydney Grammar school. He then went onto attend Sydney university and graduated with first class honours in classics.