The political instability has also hindered economic growth and development to a great extent. The lack of political stability has resulted in the halting of much needed international aid that accounted for 75% of the expansion within infrastructure in Madagascar. This international aid could have led to economic growth and development within Madagascar because there would be an increase in infrastructure and more better-paying jobs available to pay for the increase in demand of exports from Madagascar (Weltman). The former President Marc Ravalomanana and the most recent president, Andry Rajoelina, had both worked aggressively to combat corruption but may not be able to just yet. Under past rulers, corruption had been a serious problem. During …show more content…
Human populations have grown long beyond the point at which these activities can be practiced without permanent destruction. As the forest is destroyed, so is the habitat for Madagascar 's unique plant and animal species. The loss of habitat due to deforestation is the biggest single threat to Madagascar 's wildlife. Although the exact extent of forest loss is not known with certainty, only 10 percent of Madagascar 's forests remain. Also, recent estimates suggest that 1-2 percent of Madagascar 's remaining forests are destroyed each year, and that a staggering 80-90 percent of Madagascar 's land area burns each year (Kremen). Cyclones originating from the Strait of Mozambique or the Indian Ocean are distinct possibilities. In addition, flooding and droughts, neither of which are not uncommon, are linked to other environmental issues with the spread of disease and swarms of locusts (Miller). With its rivers running blood red and staining the surrounding Indian Ocean, astronauts have remarked that it looks as if Madagascar is bleeding to death. This insightful observation highlights one of Madagascar 's greatest environmental problems—soil erosion. Deforestation of Madagascar 's central highlands has resulted in widespread soil erosion, which in some areas may top 400 tons/ha per year (Ramananarivo). The loss of trees, which anchor the soil with their roots, causes
However, during the early 20th century, farmers in the region had plowed up the native grasses that held the soil in place and replaced them with crops such as wheat and corn. This event led to the depletion of soil nutrients and the exposure of the topsoil
By cutting down trees, many eco-systems get destroyed and many animals will not survive. I have noticed how this process occurs a lot in Florida. The Florida Everglades once compromised most of the state, and due to human development almost half
This reflects how corruption can leak leaked through the government since the beginning of a country’s formation. Political stability soon returned when the Institutional Revolutionary Party dominated the government, which was created in support of interest of workers, peasants, and other disadvantaged groups. This party supported these interests because they wanted to give back to the people who got the worst end of the governmental corruption. After World War II, the country faced great economic expansion, political stability, and the rise of the middle class. This brought even more corruption within the government and the elites since the economic boom in the late 1970s benefitted only a tiny percentage of the population.
(Wikipedia, 2014). Corruption in
The third issue we found out from “Serpico” is corruption. In the movie, police officer Frank Serpico exposed corruption in the New York City police department. He was the first officer to testify against another officer. Corruption is the dishonest behavior and wrong doing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, and incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption are include giving or accepting bribes or inappropriate presents, double dealing, under-the-table transactions, manipulating elections, diverting funds, laundering money and defrauding investors.
Considering that the elimination of trees increases the amount of runoff water in the area, places were being transformed into swamps. This in turn lead to diseases, bugs, irregular drainage patterns, and flooding (Cronon 125). The elimination of trees also, “aided in the reduction of edge-dwelling animal species”, affected the species composition, caused temperatures to fluctuate, made, “flooding [become] more common and stream levels...vary” (Cronon 126). Subsequently, the Europeans took over the Indians’ land, pushing them onto bare, dry, and worn out land, “probably a place where the soil had
The Brazilian Amazon is home to 40% of the world’s tropical rainforest. Incidentally, it also has the world’s fastest rate of deforestation. Tropical Rainforests around the world are lost at the rate of one acre per second with the average rate of Brazilian Amazon being such that 2 million hectares of forest land are cleared every year. There are multiple causes for this extensive rate of deforestation and this paper will address four such causes namely (1) rapid population growth, (2) industrial logging and mining, (3) changing spatial patterns of deforestation, and (4) wildfires. Moreover, there are several Brazilian state policies that encourage deforestation practices of which this paper will look at five key aspects – (1) taxes on agricultural income, (2) rules of land allocation, (3) land taxes, and (4) tax credit schemes and subsidized credits.
Landslides may cause the loss of lives and properties. Deforestation causes the soil to lose its stability. Decreasing of trees causes there is lack of tree leaves to protect the soil from the collision of raindrops and also causes the lack of tree roots to hold the soil. Thus, the soil is exposed directly to the raindrop. The top layer of soil is easily washed away by the heavy rainfall.
Introduction: Description: Deforestation is defined as the permanent destruction of forests in order to make land available for other uses. According to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 18 million acres of forest are lost each year. This equals to approximately 36 football fields of forest being cleared each minute. Though deforestation occurs all over the world, it’s the tropical forests which are being particularly targeted. Due to this countries such as Indonesia, Brazil, the Democratic republic of Congo and Thailand have a very
With deforestation being one of these roles because when we chop down these trees and plants of where animals habitats our it also releases a lot of carbon dioxide into the air. And if you didn’t know forests are major carbon storage centers, when deforestation happens all the carbon dioxide that is stored in these forests; is released back into the atmosphere. Deforestation not only contributes to changes in the climate, it also causes localized changes in the weather. Trees transpire, or release water into the atmosphere, during photosynthesis. This water replenishes clouds and maintains rainfall.