Researchers are learning about diseases, symptoms, body processes, medicines, and more from animal testing. Humans and animals share a lot of the same processes, illnesses, birth defects, and disorders. This makes research on animals similar to that of humans without harming a person. The purpose of this article was to show the reasons why animal testing is good for medical research. I will not use this information in my paper because it is not new information.
In 2008, approximately 1.5 million children under the age of five died from vaccine preventable diseases. Required immunizations can save thousands of lives and can prevent serious diseases, and immunizations began to be mandatory at the beginning of the twentieth century. Immunizations are important for personal health, public health, longevity of life, and education. Overtime people have been skeptical about immunizations. There is a huge controversy surrounding immunizations.
Audience Throughout the centuries our views on animal testing has drastically changed. Animal experimentation is when a live animal is forced to perform something or get performed on, that likely causes pain and suffering. Animal experiments include injecting or force feeding animals with harmful substances, exposing animals to radiation, forcing animals to inhale toxic gases, or surgically removing animals’ organs to cause damage. Animal testing can have both pros and cons to it. A pro to animal testing is that it doesn 't put humans to harm.
With today’s day and age, people have so many different and better options than animal testing. According to www.onegreenplanet.org, “clinical observation, clinical research, in vitro research with human tissue, autopsies, computer modeling, technology, human drug surveillance, epidemiology, pathology, preventive medicine ” are some ways that are an alternative to animal testing. The claim is supported by this piece of evidence, because it lists other methods besides animal testing to test new medicines and cures. Although some of these methods may be expensive, at least animals won’t get hurt. Some people may believe testing on similar working body system is a better way of getting results.
Vaccines have saved the lives of millions of people. According to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, approximately 50,000 people die each year from diseases that are preventable by being vaccinated. They provide active immunity, which cause our body’s immune system to produce antibodies that fight against the disease without actually causing the disease. More than 20 serious diseases can be prevented just by being vaccinated against them. Getting vaccinated could make the difference between life and death.
There are many ethic issues when it comes to testing on animals. In our textbook, (p59) they raise two very important questions when it comes to testing on animals. One, does the research threaten the health and or well-being of the animal, and is it fair to the animal to be the one tested on when you are doing an experiment that should involve humans. With experiments, you typically need to get an informed consent form done before you begin. This allows the test subject to know what they are getting into and if there is any danger.
The Suggestion was made that scientists should explore alternative options, such as testing on cell and tissue cultures. On the other hand, Sabin also puts forward an argument in support of animal testing, as her dear late husband Albert Sabin conducted many tests on animals whilst perfecting his vaccine against polio. The sacrifice of these animals has enabled entire generations of humans to grow up without fear of the crippling effects of polio. Animal rights advocates who see animal experimentation as cruel and wasteful overlook the fact that it has been instrumental in developing medicines that have saved countless human
Author William Dudley illustartes this point by saying, "According to the pro-animal research organization Americans for Medical Progress, scientific discoveries helped by animal research have increased the average human life span by twenty-eight years since 1900" (87). twenty-eight years is nothing to scoff at. By extending the lives of humans by twenty-eight years animal research has cemented itself as a very benefical form of medical research. Who wouldn't want to live for another twenty-eight years? Or see their loved ones again for another few years?
Vaccination coverage has been expanding for some decades, and the experiment for creating new vaccines have been conducted yet. There are approximately more than 60 kinds of vaccinations, and they can prevent 25 infectious diseases. The vaccination is advertised an effective way to develop immune system, so the people who are not over 18 years old are recommended to inoculate 15 kinds of vaccines to enhance own immunity. On the other hand, serious side effects caused by vaccinations became a social issue a couple years ago. Some people who are vaccinated reported side effects such as body convulsion, joint pain, and fever, it results that people have a question for the necessity of vaccination.
This kind of experiment has been conducted long time ago by some scientists such as Aristoteles, Herophilus, and Erasistratus which performed the experiments to discover the functions of living organisms and is used until now. Chimpanzees, mice, dogs, and fish are some animals which is frequently used in the experiment. Many of this experiments (which was conducted on animals) contributed to life-saving cures and treatments such as the discovery of insulin, polio vaccine, etc. However, animal testing for medication also drew controversy and debate. Some people, especially the Animal Rights Group, consider that this kind of experiment is cruel and inhumane therefore it has to be banned.