Importance Of Problem Solving In Nursing

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Since the spread of formal schooling and education in human societies, fostering cognitive abilities, such as understanding, reasoning, critical thinking, creativity, problem-solving and judgment has been highlighted [1]. Problem-solving is an essential skill in today’s life [2]. Problem-solving is a goal-directed thinking [3]. It is a mental process, some logical, orderly, intellectual thinking that helps cope with problems, search several solutions and choose the best solution [4]. According to Moshirabadi, problem-solving is a systematic process and a problem-focused situation analysis that indicates the ability of individuals to overcome obstacles and to achieve goals. Problem-solving consists of three components of problem-solving…show more content…
Therefore, People who are more capable of solving problems enjoy cognitive, emotional and communication skills at a higher level. They are able to build healthy relationships and suffer from less depression and anxiety [6,7,8]; Moreover, they have higher confidence and motivation to efficiently deal with problems [9]. The art of nursing requires knowledge, skills and expertise. Problem-solving is an essential skill contributing greatly to effective nursing performance [10]. Problem-solving skills and knowledge-based decision-making are the expected behavior of nursing students [11]. Learning such skills should start at university [12,13]. This helps them efficiently apply theoretical knowledge acquired at university in real-world situations where they are expected to solve patient’s problems [12]. Given that the main goal of education in medical sciences including nursing is to develop professional competence, decision-making skills and problem-solving, nursing education is responsible for creating an environment where students can learn and acquire cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills. Therefore, nursing students are provided with practical skills, strategies, and approaches so that they will able to solve patient’s problems in real-world situations in the future…show more content…
Psychologists have noted the significance of motivation in education because of the existing relationship between motivation and new learning skills, strategies and behavior [14]. According to Goral, factors such as the desire to solve problems, or interest in problem-solving skills, motivation and desire to succeed, a desire to please the teacher, etc., are all among the factors affecting problem-solving skills [15]. Adair believes that creative thinking improves in an environment where double motivation, feedback and constructive criticism (Creative Environment), exists [16]. According to Wertheimer, Mayer says: Facing difficulties, some people come up with smart ideas and offer creative solutions. However, it should be noted that it is not enough to solely focus on teaching problem-solving skills. In fact, individual emotional and motivational aspects should be considered [17]. Motivation is defined as a desire to make an attempt in order to perform duties and responsibilities and to use individual skills [18]. Academic motivation refers to behaviors that lead to learning and improvement [19]. It includes the tendency to perform well and to spontaneously evaluate one's own performance. Experts have devided motivation into two main groups, namely intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is defined as taking some action solely to

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