Variations in the demographic characteristics will be reflected in different behavioral responses in different disaster events. Usually the population evacuation behaviors vary from one place to another for the same hazard, i.e., a hurricane, and, from one specific hurricane to another in the same place (Baker, 1991; Lindell and Prater, 2010). This understanding indicates that there will be variations in behavioral evacuation responses to different disasters, e.g., hurricanes and tsunamis. There are several factors that need to be considered in the behavioral analysis: the evacuation participation rate, evacuation time, public shelter use, evacuation destination, and vehicle use (Baker, 2000; CFRPC, 2010b). Identifying and understanding the specific variable characteristics of each of these factors would enhance evacuation planning.
Determining the recurrence risks in genetic counselling is very important. Risk of being affected by a particular genetic disorder is based on the genetic nature of the disorder and the pedigree of the particular family being counselled. The family member being counselled is usually a relative of the proband. Risks for single gene disorders can be estimated by using basic Mendelian principles, while the risk calculation might be complicated in disorders with decreased penetrance, variability of expression or in diseases caused frequently by new mutations. Bayesian analysis can be used in these cases to analyse information about the particular family being counselled and determine the increase or decrease in previous mendelian risk.
SUMMARY Genetic screening is the identification test of changes occurring in chromosomes, genes, or proteins that will help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder. Through genetic screening, it is possible to acknowledge the presence of a disease in a person’s body even way before the symptoms are showing. This way, genetic screening allows people to acknowledge the disease they may have in advance, which can lead to prevention or early treatment in order to prevent the development of the particular disease. Regardless of the benefits, genetic screening is still considered controversial in the society, considering the concerns about ethical issues. Although the benefits gained from genetic screening that
The difficulty they had in expressing their emotions prior to genetic testing contributed to a similar difficulty after they found out the result. Kaphingst A.K., Lachance R.C., Condit M.C., 2009 Analysis of the correlation between the beliefs about inheriting cancer and searching for information for own health and protective behaviors N = 5813 adults. CSM - adapting the model in the analysis Individuals who believed that information about genetic family history of cancer may reduce the risk of cancer were significantly more likely to be in search for cancer information. Heavy smokers who were convinced that genes were the main cause of lung cancer are significantly more likely to smoke
The assessment of risk is a critical part of child welfare advocacy. The review of instruments of different instruments for assessing risk and safety in child welfare focuses on instrument reliability, validity, outcomes, and use with children and families of color. The evaluation of risk assessment instruments generally includes broad categories of areas related to abuse and neglect, behavioral descriptions, procedures to determine levels of risk, and standardized forms to record this information (Rycus & Hughes, 2003). In the process of screening for a case study, instruments are used to determine if the child or family needs further assessment, treatment, or intervention services. In evaluating the Van Sise family I have found that the following
observation and selection bias). You learned that these factors can impact on the results of an epidemiological study in such a way as to make us question the internal and external validity of a study. In risk analysis, the effects of bias in the parameter estimates we use could result in an incorrect estimate of risk. Imagine a test with poor sensitivity is used in a survey to estimate the prevalence of paratuberculosis in a cattle population. If we were to use the information from the survey as a measure of the likelihood of infection in imported cattle we could underestimate the risk.
In this article Guercio (2015) discusses that the use of risk assessment tools provides a way to differentiate offenders based on offenders' risk to re-offend and can suggests sentencing and rehabilitation services to reduce recidivism. In the past risk assessments were primarily used on parole decisions, over the years it as become a tool that assist in the decision making process of pre-trial release risk, probations supervision intensity and content, early release decisions, and sentencing design. I am using this article to help support my paper on the benefits derived from risk assessments. These assessments allow correctional workers the ability to implement
However, I would not want a young handicapped individual to suffer throughout his entire life in a difficult and unforgiving world. Therefore, if the genetic screening stated that either my wife or I was a carrier of a severely deleterious illness, we would probably spare the child from suffering. Overall, accepting a genetic screening test would be a wise decision, and if the test showed that my wife and I were carriers of a disease, we would research the illness carefully and determine its consequences. Essentially, a genetic screening would provide me with access to a wealth of knowledge and allow my family to determine whether having children would be the right decision. Having children can pose physical, emotional, and financial difficulties.
A sense of life's pointlessness, and social isolation are the sources of stress (Linda & Ahmed, 2003: p. 24). For example, the good traits from the past are impractical in real society from hunter gatherer society to the present world. Genetic proliferation, related to reciprocal altruism leads to better lives (Linda & Ahmed, 2003: p. 25). Hunter-gatherer males win in the competition can have a better mating and getting better gene for the next generation. Offspring can build up a social cooperation and contribute to a higher chance of survival in an affiliated society (Linda & Ahmed, 2003: p. 25).
This checklist finds out if a person is at nutritional risk. The score a person gets determines the nutritional status. I have an illness/condition that made me change the kind or amount of food I eat. 2 I eat fewer than two meals per day. 3 I eat few fruits or vegetables or milk products.