Education gave them the tools and skills necessary to fight England and thrive as a nation. Soon after the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776, white American men began to subjugate those they felt they were superior to. Because of this, the American economy relied on slavery - while
Even though the machine would help the slaves work, they were needed to grow and pick the cotton now that the cotton was such a huge producer. Slaves were a main part of the South, and now that the Cotton Gin was in effect more slaves could not be freed. In fact, plantation owners began to move to larger plantations where they would need even more slaves. Southern farmers did not want to have to go out in the field and do the work that they could buy slaves to do for them. However, the Cotton Gin was a success in the South because it increased the population, and helped the production of Cotton become stronger.
Once the cotton gin came to the South, they needed more slaves because they were producing more cotton. Plantation became the goal in the South and Abolitionists made the Southerners keep a tighter hold on their slaves. The United States was one of the last places to stop slavery and still keeps the ideas of white supremacy today. For example, in The Growth of The American Republic by Samuel Eliot Morrison and Henry Steele Commager, a textbook used from the 1930’s to the 1960’s _
In addition, cotton stimulated the national economy in multiple ways. The growth in the supply of cotton promoted the Northern textile industry, while the funding and transportation of Southern cotton encouraged Northern banking and shipping. Also, Southern demand for Northern manufactured goods and Midwestern farm produce rose as a result of the profit gained from cotton. Because of its enormous effects on the American economy, cotton became known as “King Cotton” or “white gold”. However, the cotton gin also sparked the resurgence of Southern slavery, which had been in decline due to the drop in tobacco production.
(Source B2) Lincoln’s proclamation was one of strategy as it aimed to abolish slavery as well as recruit those previously enslaved to help the North win the civil war. The freeing of slaves would also result in the weakening of the South’s economy since “The South’s economy was based on slavery.” (Source A). Thus the South’s ability to effectively wage a war against the Union North would have been depleted and the slaves in those areas would be freed from years of slavery, both being a dual victory for Lincoln. “Slaves, as the property of individuals and businesses, represented the largest portion of the region’s personal and corporate wealth, as cotton and land prices declined and the price of slaves soared.” (Source H). Slavery was becoming a growing concern in the initial stages of the war and Lincoln soon realized that by ending slavery he could help end the Civil war.
The Civil war did reduce the sectional antagonism in the Northern and Southern states. Lincoln was a major factor in the changing of this country, he fought for slavery but not necessarily for their freedom but because of the economy and how the enslaved worked in the South: the South were more agricultural based and the North were more industrial based. The Northern and Southern cultures were established. This sectionalism was the reason that ultimately led to the Civil War. However, this sectional antagonism faded away by the end of the 19th century and it “ultimately made the United States truly ‘one nation”.
Christopher Olsen and John Majewski contend that the Southern economy was largely centred on slave labour whereas the North was strongly aligned to the principles of a competitive labour market. According to Ronald Seavoy, this effect was reinforced as the South maintained its highly agrarian based economy. Joshua Leavitt wrote prolifically during the 19th century about the economic ills of slavery, which has been referenced by some contemporary scholars as evidence that economics was a significant ‘wedge issue’ between the North and South. Finally, James McPherson suggests that one of the reasons why pro-slavery ideology was popular amongst Southerners is because it was common for lower class white individuals to have aspirations of becoming wealthy through owning
While the north was becoming increasingly industrial, with factories and mills popping up all over, the southern states stayed with family farming, and plantations. With the conquest of the north came their ideologies, including factories. Rhett once again realized this when he told Scarlett about the decline of the Old South. Abolishing slavery was not Abraham Lincoln 's main goal of the Civil War, but in a way he did on the down low. The north being against slavery and the south supporting it was the main cause for the division which caused the war.
Slavery started in the United States in 1619 to increase productivity in agriculture. They helped build the economy of this nation, because they weren 't paid to do work, they were forced to. The whites found this very convenient. If only they knew the consequences it would cause to America in the future. The most important event in American slavery during the 1820’s was the Missouri Compromise.
Beginning in 1865 the american civil war was a political war between the differences of the north and south. Slavery created many of these differences along with the economic differences. The war was somewhat dependent on what side was able to take the advantages that they had and expose it to give them the greatest benefit. Both sides had their set of advantages and disadvantages, the north was able to capture the power of african americans and could grow more crops to feed their troops. Overall the Union captured what they saw as an advantage and exposed it to the point that it made winning the war a little easier.