Catherine MacKinnon develops her theory of gender as a theory of sexuality. Very roughly: the social meaning of sex (gender) is created by sexual objectification of women whereby women are viewed and treated as objects for satisfying men's desires (MacKinnon) MacKinnon recognizes gender to be a socially built inequality of authority and dominance in which men are governing and women subsidiary. She claims that male’s power and female’s submissiveness both are conditioned and constructed by the society in which we live. Sexual objectification of women has remained the primary focus of male and their dominance. Women’s submissiveness, silence and the power to rule her are all social performance to stay and bind oneself in that wall of society whereas for men, their skill and power is recognised from their knowledge; men as authoritative and dominant is a socially acceptable phenomenon as they are meant to be universally more powerful and this is how a society functions.
Gender role refers to those behaviors and attitudes that are considered to belong to one sex. Gender role is based on femininity and masculinity that differentiate women and men by giving men some roles and women which results to gender inequality. There some work in society that is regarded to belong to women such as cooking, taking care of children and other less important roles while men are given roles that makes them superior than women. Most of the gender roles associated with women makes them inferior and creates a room to be oppressed. Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men.
This power structure and its associated marginalisation of those who don’t conform is the main contributor to the occurrences of gender based violence. While there are many factors contributing to GBV, such as personal childhood experience of violence (once again due to strict social ‘norms’ and ‘traditions’), economic and work stress (thanks to the hegemonic view that the man is the provider) and alcohol abuse, one of the main ones we should be focusing on in order to bring about any sort of positive change is the attitude towards gender equality. We need to focus on creating ‘gender- awareness’ and to look into and understand the complexity of masculinites and to develop alternative male identities, to change the social constructs of what it means to be a man (that don’t equate with violence) and to focus on gender equality and having good male role models in the community who believe in the basic human right of equality for
Discuss the major contributions of feminist theory to the understanding of social And political life. Feminist theory has come to be recognised as an influential theory that has singled out the social exclusion of women. This could be seen as its main premise but it is a far broader perspective. Feminism has articulated that gender differences subjected to sex as argued have played a secondary role to men in the most influential decision making and power positions in society. This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality.
In this quote he not only degrades the woman, but he degrades the African American woman. Walter uses his male privilege to put Beneatha down. Beneatha battles being underprivileged at home and in society by defying odds and choosing her own path. According to the matrix of domination, Beneatha being an African American woman shows that in order for her to have full privilege she has to deal with both the isms. The social construction of difference has produced racism and sexism and connected them and society has used them to justify
Firstly, Radical feminists strongly believe that the patriarchy has a negative influence on the family, as they believe that the patriarchy is the reason why women are exploited and oppressed. They believe that this exploitation and oppression can be evidenced in various ways including in the more extreme circumstances the act of domestic violence. They are of the belief that males think that since they are head of the household they are allowed to control their family in a very authoritative or dictatorial like manner. This thinking in turn can lead to domestic violence which may include not only physical abuse but also emotional and psychological abuse as well as financial mistreatment. Studies have shown that in these cases the male is often the one inciting the violence while women and children are the victims of his anger as he seeks to exert his dominant role.
The speaker also says how genders both play a game of whose responsibility is whose based on their sex. Adichie notes that feminism is usually viewed as a negative baggage, though she’s hopeful that men and women will soon understand that there’s a problem with gender and everyone should change it to better. In all aspects, Adichie is correct. According to the experiences of the speakers described by Goodman and Lara, society views women as objects and expects men to be the provider. The New Bedford barroom rape indicates Adichie’s point that people think of women as inherently guilty.
Another way to think about discrimination is that it is made into a norm in society due to institutions such as family, education, religion, etc. Discrimination often is brought to light when a person performs their gender that goes against the norms the institutions have put in place. If someone goes against these norms it increases the chance of inequality in society. Institutional violence “occurs when overt and subtle forms of violence become normalized as a result of institutional rules and norms” (DeFrancisco and Palczewski, 2014,p. 135) This is showcased by explaining how males
Feminists have pointed to the way in which, historically, a natural difference between men and women assumed, and have analysed the ways in which this difference was given various social, political and economic meanings in different societies and civilizations. They argue that one constant of this differentiation, however, has been that women have been given an inferior or secondary status in societies because of this assumed natural sexual difference. As Sherry Ortner (1998: 21) argues: ‘The secondary status of woman in society is one of the true universals, a pan-cultural fact.’ And as she goes on to explain, this secondary status of women can be explained by the fact that within the multiplicity of cultural conceptions and symbolizations of women that exist and that have existed in different societies, there is a constant in that women are seen as being ‘closer to nature’ in their physiology, their social role and their psyche. Whereas women have been seen as ‘closer to nature’, men have been perceived as ‘closer to culture’, more suited for public roles and political association. For this reason, women have been relegated to a secondary status in society, often confined to roles in the home rather than able to accede to powerful public positions.
According to the World Reference dictionary, a hierarchy is a “system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to a certain status or authority, in this topic talking about patriarchal society”.. Problem is, women have been deprioritized or have been given an inferior position in society due to these sexual differences. “Sex” is a word that refers to the biological differences between male and female: the visible difference in genitalia, the related difference in the procreation function, which is obvious. But “gender” however is a matter of culture, it refers to the biological classification between masculine and feminine. There also exists a dispute that has been divided into two groups; minimizers and maximizers.