Universally, domestic violence is referred to abusive behavior that is used by the intimate partner to control or power over the other intimate power. This can be in the forms of psychological, sexual, economic or emotional threats or actions that will influence your partner (Kindschi,2013).Domestic violence studies provides that psychopathology, which happens when in violent environment in child development can make the argument of domestic violence progress of being a generational legacy (Kindschi,2013).I chose to write about the Feminist Theory to explain why people commit domestic violence. It believes that the root causes of domestic violence is the outcome of living in a society that condones aggressive behavior by men, while women
GENDER INEQUALITY AT WORK PLACE Introduction: Gender Stereotypes: Gender is often attributed with different characteristics and as a consequence, society expects different behaviours from different genders. Society imposes certain kind of roles on people based on their gender and expects them to stick by it. These prejudices and conventional ideas that have been formed regarding the social roles of an individual based on their gender, is also termed as gender stereotype. Gender stereotypes are prescriptive as well as proscriptive in nature. Prescriptive as in, how men and women should behave, like agentic attributes are prescribed for men, while communal attributes are prescribed for women.
The idealism established and supported by violence is the backbone of the themes. Distinctively, the values between traditional Latin men and women waver because of the pre-established cultural ideology. Inherently, the males within the storyline hold an exaggerated sense of power expressed in a multitude of manners; most commonly being through committing acts of sexual, emotional, and physical violence. Women were the victims of these acts as they were considered to be inferior to men, mere objects to possess and display superiority over. Acceptance of absence of power to men was taught through conditioning instilled by violence.
(Longwe, 2002). There is a common accession that gender inequality results from socially formed perceptions and expectations of males and females as belonging to the two different biological sexes (Meinzen-Dick, 2011; UN Women and OHCHR, 2013). These perceptions have largely outlined and comprised the respective statuses of males and females, defining their roles, opportunities and privileges in society. These Societal rules, roles, expectations and privileges are set and upheld by men and internalized by women through socialization. The extent of the situation is such that men determine who owns what and who uses what in the society.
‘A person’s intellectual make-up bears the clear imprint of the life of society as a whole’. To what extent does the language and structure in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ reflect versions of masculinity? Both ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ explore the psychological destruction of misogyny within their civilisation. This is predominantly seen through the fact that the Republic of Gilead is so ubiquitous that the nation was instituted for the sole purpose of restoring a true theocratic patriarchy which parallels the social hierarchy also apparent in ‘Kindred’. Every aspect of society works not only to gain control over those of low social standing, but also show a significantly great amount of prejudice against women.
Looking at the instances of crimes against women in Pakistan some of the extrinsic factors that result in violence is the fact that Pakistan is a patriarchal society where male dominance is repeatedly mentioned as a cause for the domestic violence (Heise, 1998).It is this very violence that is being analyzed in order to define the relation between sexism and bigotry. The reason for choosing bigotry and how it may or may not be related to sexism is because how they are so similar in their definations.Where a sexist is someone who clearly despises an entire gender race and a bigot is someone who exhibits intolerance towards a group with ideologies and opinions different from oneself, these very definitions lead me into finding the non-existent relationship between the both of them. For someone discriminating the entire female population, is there not a possibility for that very person to tag his decisions as the best and deject those (especially coming from women) that say
Discuss the major contributions of feminist theory to the understanding of social And political life. Feminist theory has come to be recognised as an influential theory that has singled out the social exclusion of women. This could be seen as its main premise but it is a far broader perspective. Feminism has articulated that gender differences subjected to sex as argued have played a secondary role to men in the most influential decision making and power positions in society. This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality.
Stainback (2011) mention some predications which could cause sex discrimination in workplace and could be represented by spreading sense of competition and threat between employees such as minority group is visible to be targeted for abuse and hostility from majority group and majority do these hostilities against minorities to protect their interests and advantages. Having the same sex manger or director in the workplace make the same sex employees have some sort of power especially if the manger gives promotions and authority to the same sex, this creates atmosphere of sex discrimination in workplace. Moreover if the workplace is not support their employees on their qualifications and hard work, they would feel discriminated that would differ if the workplace is large company where the damage is minor or could be more pronounced in small workplace. Stainback also mentioned that if the employee have relative in the workplace who have more experience and power could make other employee subjected to sex discrimination especially if the relative is a woman with great power can be seen as a threat to male employee as some studies proved that women with great authority and education tend to do discrimination in the
Gender Inequality can be defined as allowing people different opportunities due to perceive differences based solely on issues of gender. It refers to the differences in the status, power, and prestige women and men have in groups, collectivities, and societies. It is the unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. Gender Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of an individual or group due to gender. Gender inequality and discrimination are generally discussed as pertaining to women, but anyone can experience gender-based inequality or discrimination.
So, his plays represent the junction point at which women are characterized as enlightened and emancipated with the power of resistance who struggle to overcome the male dominance. Girish Karnad wants to aware his audiences through how in the name of marriage women are exploited and subjected to all kinds of repressive treatment engineered basically by a patriarchal society. Karnad has undertaken a journey through his plays to take up the challenge to look at the contentious issues of women. His mastery lies in the treatment of politics of difference that underlies the paradigms of gender and caste. Keywords Feminism, Gender, Patriarchy, Tradition, Society Introduction The ‘feminism’ is a cultural construction of marginality in relation to patriarchal society.