Gordon S. Wood, “the preeminent historian of the Revolution”, is a well known American historian who has received several awards such as the Pulitzer and Bancroft Prize for his historical books. In his book, The American Revolution: A History, he breaks down the key events based on his experiences and knowledge on the Revolutionary period. Wood was born in Concord, Massachusetts on November 27,1933. Wood teaches at many liberal renowned universities such as Brown, Cambridge, Northwestern , and Harvard. Now being eighty one years old, he recently retired from Brown University and lives in Providence, Rhode Island. Massachusetts, the state where Wood was born in, is highly known for Democratic support but leaning Republican. Although Wood was
Pontiac’s Rebellion, also known as the Pontiac War, broke out in the Ohio River Valley from 1763 to 1766. The British were fighting in this war along with the Native Indian tribes that lived within an area controlled by New France before their defeat in the French Indian War, which is known as the Pays d’en haut meaning the upper country. In 1763, Chief Pontiac led a rebellion of multiple tribes of the upper country against the British. In the Summer of 1763, Chief Pontiac launched attacks on the British in which left only Fort Pitt and Detroit in British hands. In 1766, Chief Pontiac agreed to peace terms sealing the end of Pontiac’s Rebellion. The Shawnee and other Native Indian tribes went to war with the British because distrust and hostilities grew within the populations between the indigenous of the region and the British. Colonialism also became a major cause in the war that was created.
By 1757 war had fully erupted. Forts everywhere were captured, re-captured, or destroyed. Eventually by 1758 Fort Louisbourg was captured. With this fort captured, the British had a straight shot into Canada where the French had staged most of their resources. Soon after this, the French surrender Fort Frontenac on Lake Ontario, destroying their ability to communicate with their troops in the Ohio Valley, which if you remember was the area of land which was a major part of starting this war. Seeing that the war is not going in favor of their side the Iroquois, Shawnee and Delaware Indians make peace with the British. This becomes a heavy blow on the French. They were already outnumbered but, now their Allies are beginning to disband. The British continue to take fort after fort eventually capturing fort Niagara, the French pull out of that area which includes Crown Point, the last stronghold of the French on the western frontier, which means they now control the entire western frontier. After this event, the British push relentlessly into Canada leading to the Battle of Quebec. Soon the British won the battle of Quebec, but during the battle General Wolfe and general Montcalm were both killed. These were the Generals of both sides armies. On September 15th of 1760
In “A Revolutionary People at War”, Charles Royster has developed a complex and in-depth thesis regarding the American Revolution. The book dives into the minds of the American people as it conveys the American character displayed throughout the Revolution. His book is multi-faceted, focusing on a number of themes that are beautifully intertwined. He discusses the prevailing American character during the American Revolution. The book studies the ideals of the American people during the revolution and how those ideals impacted the way the Continental Army was organized and how the Revolution was fought. Royster’s underlying thesis is that the ideals the American people had immediately conflicted with the reality of the war, and this inevitably
Throughout the history of the United States, there generally have been dozens of particularly social movements, which is fairly significant. From the African American Civil Rights Movement in 1954 to the feminism movement in 1920, protests for all intents and purposes have helped these groups basically earn rights and fight injustice in a really major way. Some injustices that these groups face range from lack of voting rights to police brutality, or so they essentially thought. The indigenous people of North America aren’t actually immune to these injustices, basically contrary to popular belief. Back in the 1968, the American Indian Movement generally was formed to for all intents and purposes give natives security and peace of mind in a
Do you think Louis Riel is a hero or villain? I believe that Riel is a hero because he stood up for the rights of the Metis to the Canadian government during the Red River Settlement and the Northwest Rebellion. He was a great leader who would do anything for his people, even if he had to sacrifice himself. However, in the view of the government people think he’s the complete opposite. Louis Riel did go against the government and do many illegal things, but it was all for his people. In the end of the day he did everything for the Metis and I find that the big reason why he is a hero.
During the first years of the English settlements of North America the people who immigrated from England they formed colonies that with the support of the British government. The colonist didn 't pay a lot of taxes on their trading benefits to the government. Through the years, the King and the parliament started raising taxes on almost everything that the colonist was producing in the colonies. The colonists weren 't happy with the new taxation that the king was charging to the colonies, and it led the colonist to protest at British empire. There are several reasons why the colonists revolted against the British government. The settlers felt that the British government were treating them unfairly, and their rights were violated. The conflict between the British Government and settler helped to gather political ideas to break away from the British Government and declare their own independent nation.
In my opinion Louis Riel is a martyr because of the things he did for his beliefs. Being a martyr requires more than just a cause, it requires the individual to have strong beliefs for their religion, and then being killed due to those beliefs. Louis Riel would be classified as a martyr due to his actions and contributions for his religion as a Metis man. He helped develop and create an identity for the Metis community. He made a list of rights for Metis individuals some of which include the right to elect legislature, all sheriffs, magistrates and etc be elected by the people, all documents and acts of legislature be published in both french and english, etc. Louis Riel was also known as the Metis leader and a canadian politician, founder
The 1960’s and 70’s were a time of political turmoil and unrest in Canadian history. The October of 1970 in particular, is a period remembered for its violence and hate. The kidnapping of two Canadian politicians by the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a terrorist group, changed Canadian society forever. The FLQ and the October Crisis ignited separatist feelings in French Canadians, changed the way the government handled national emergencies and altered Canadians’ opinions on key issues. The October Crisis is a truly significant moment in Canadian history for many reasons.
In the essay, “Federalism, Nationalism, and Reason”, Pierre Trudeau addresses the history and origins of self-determination and nationalism and its central role in federal statehood, he then discusses the interactions of federalism and nationalism in a Canadian context. Trudeau posits major arguments that will be assessed in this review. First, he postures that that the federal state is driven by self-determination and nationalism, which ultimately makes it unstable due to its foundation in emotionalism rather than reason. Second, Trudeau outlines the historical factors that resulted in the separatist narrative in Quebec and claims that Canadian nationalism cannot combat Quebec’s regional nationalism.
In the late 1800’s the United States was a young nation. That wanted to expand it’s boarder’s so they headed west. This began the great “Westward Expansion”. Due to the westward expansion natives were taken from their and pushed to reservation around 1849. Native tried to fight back. The government by either using forces or speaking politically. The government sold Native American land for profit. The westward expansion decreases the Native American population while the settlers benefit by it from land and gold.
Throughout his whole life, Louis Riel had many accomplishments such as becoming the founder of Manitoba, being the Metis leader and being the central figure in the North-west and Red River resistance. When the Hudson 's Bay Company decided to sell Rupert 's land, the sale did not have any consultation with the Metis. The Red River Colony was a part of Rupert 's land, the Metis were afraid of losing their rights and land. Since Louis Riel was
he Natives were being treated unfairly by the Puritans caused the King Philip’s War of 1675. King Philip's believed that the colonists took his land without his permission. In document A, “King Philip’s Perspective” King Philip stated, “the English made them drunk and then cheated them ; that now, they had no hope left to keep any land.” Both authors in both documents wrote that King Philip lost land from the colonists. In document B, “Colonists‘ Perspective” Edward Randolph said, “God is punishing them for their behavior." The colonists were taking the Native American's property and taking advantage of the native Americans in the trade by getting them drunk so they could get more land. King Philip, the religious leader the Native Americans.
One of the reading done for class was “Persons of Mean and Vile Condition” written by Howard Zinn. In this reading Zinn states what was the Bacon’s Rebellion, how it started and how it ended. In his work, he states his opinion on some issues or happenings, in which I agree.
Louis Riel was a driving force throughout his entire life. He was a traitor to some, a hero to more, and a leader to all. The father of Manitoba’s actions influence Canada even today, through the Métis he so loved and the government he so radically opposed. Without his political action and leadership skills, we might not have the Manitoba we do now. Born in a period of rapid change for Canada and the territory surrounding it, he was the voice of the minority people during the resistance in Red River. He helped create a province that had rights that were best for his people and in doing so, solidified their future. He was a rebel and a madman, trying as always, to help the Métis during the North-West Rebellion even as his mental instability began to take hold of him. Until the day he was hanged so controversially, Louis Riel was a man of religion, of politics, and of belief for his culture. His actions influence Canada even today.