The empire of Mali was established around 1235 C.E. The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita, when he united the tribes of Malinke. He then led these tribes to overthrow the ruler Soso. The empire then became stronger, and took over many surrounding areas. When Mansa was the emperor he made many changes to the way he ran the society. ”The empire was then divided up into provinces that were each led by a governor called a ferba” (ducksters.com). The religion of Islam played an important part in the government and many of the government admin. Mansa Musa was thought of as one of the most famous emperors of Mali. He is best known for his pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is said that Mansa was a very wealthy man and brought over 60,000 people
Mansa Musa was the wealthiest religious leader of all empires in Africa. During his era, people ventured on a religious pilgrimage in Africa. Mansa Musa was a monotheistic, Muslim leader who wanted to spread the Islam belief of one god and diminish the polytheistic faith while following the 5 Pillars from the Muslim holy book, the Koran, throughout his religious pilgrimage across Africa to the city of Mecca.
Mansa Musa set off on his hajj and traveled thousands of miles through deserts, and strange cities to get to Mecca. Although this was a very religious journey, was this pilgrimage really all for religious purposes? Religion may have been a large motivating factor for this trip, but Mansa Musa did not journey on his hajj just for religious purposes. There were many other motivating factors for why Mansa Musa took this journey. Some motives were to set up better trade for the future, and gain popularity for his kingdom Mali and himself.
While the Indian Ocean and Trans-Saharan trade routes both encouraged and facilitated the spread of Islam, the Indian Ocean saw a more extensive diffusion of disease, and traded across water instead of land.
In the city of Mecca, a man started a new religion known as Islam. This man was Muhammad who was born in about 570 C.E. While going to pray in a cave in the mountains of Mecca, an angel named Gabriel visited Muhammad. Gabriel proclaimed that Muhammad was a prophet, messenger of God. As he received messages from God, Muhammad began to teach and recite them to others. Over time, Islam attracted new followers through military conquest, trade, and the appeal of message, which contributed to the rapid spread of Islam.
Sundiata was their fist Mansa, which was a ruler/king. He turned Mail into a wealthy and strong empire by defeating attacks and growing their goldfields'. After Ghana collapsed the regions they had became farming villages. The kings were used to collect taxes and build new towns. Sundiata’s story, the first mansa for Mail, is mostly a legend, but there have been some evidence of his rule. From what people know Sundiata might have combined many religions, created a new society, and mastered the dangerous people who came from Mecca. We do know Sundiata was powerful and successful. From 1312 to 1337, a new mansa of Mali was Mansa Musa. Mansa Musa was the grandnephew of Sundiata. Mansa Musa is known for leading the pilgrimage of 60,000 people to Mecca in 1324 with tons of camels carrying pounds of gold! A very harsh journey through the Sahara desert consisted of little to no water, lots of flies and even some dead and lost people. When he went on his long journey he not only spread his wealth of gold to others, he also brought back new ideas to Mali. Including schoolers, poets, teachers and most importantly he converted their religion to Islam. One specific way he did this was by trading gold and salt and then using his wealth to build new mosques for the city and universities for the students to learn about the Islamic world. Something we learn from this long journey is that many people liked the “bling” you could say, also known as
The Ghana were able to control the route and tax people as they passed, allowing them to build up a revenue. The Ghana were often referred to as the “Land of Gold” since being extremely wealthy. The exchange of gold nuggets for protection allowed the trade of gold dust to arise since the gold nuggets themselves would be in the kingdom with the king. The Mali Empire had gold and salt mines within their empire as well, allowing them to trade with other civilizations. Gold in the empire was seen as a trade item and a source of currency, and much like the Ghana only gold dust was used in trade as the nuggets themselves would be placed in the kingdom. As for salt, it was seen as a major resource for its nutritional and preservation qualities. It was a vital resource that these Mali people used. The Niger river allowed the Mali empire to trade easily, as the current would calmly drift them into other civilizations. Both empires also utilized camels as the river was not always accessible. All in all these trade routes allowed these civilizations to expand their wealth, and distance of trade.
Imagine traveling through the Sahara Desert with 60,000 other people for four months. This is what it was like on Mansa Musa’s hajj. Mansa Musa was the king of Mali; he was a powerful and generous leader. Mansa Musa went on hajj because he was a Muslim. He wanted to show his commitment to Islam. Mansa Musa’s hajj influenced the world’s perception of West Africa because it showed how many people were Muslim and the amount of resources West Africa had.
In 520 AD, the prophet and messenger Muhammad came to spread Allah's word, and his followers became the first Muslims. Islam spread rapidly and this was was due to the choices that the leaders made through cultural diffusion, strategy for the wage of war, and esteemed morals. When Muslim merchants would trade, they would also spread the culture of Islam. The strategic wage of war helped Islam uphold a strong empire. The desirable morals of the faith led people into becoming Muslim.
Not only did the Trans-Saharan trade routes bring commodities such as gold and salt but the Islamic religion as well. Before the Islam reached Sub-Saharan West Africa, Animism was the main religion of Sub-Saharan West Africa. Animism is the belief in numeral spiritual beings that are concerned with human affairs and that they are capable for either helping or harming human instincts. Additionally, kin played a crucial role in early Sub-Saharan societies since who you were related to directly influenced your role in your society. The Islamic empire conquered parts of North Africa which helped spread the influence and wealth of Islam. In North Africa the Berber merchants were one of the major groups that traded with Sub-Saharan West Africa through the Trans-Saharan trade routes. The Berber merchants played an essential part in dispersing the Islam and its traditions into Sub-Saharan West Africa since they frequently used the Sahara to trade. When Islam made its way into Sub-Saharan West Africa, it was absorbed into their society but unlike in other societies, Islam merged with the existing animistic culture. A majority of the Sub-Saharan West African population didn’t convert to Islam but remained animistic. The people who converted were merchants and elite rulers. They converted for economic reasons. The merchants converted to have access to more
Another reason for this lending rate would have been to adjust the devaluation of gold and the inflation of prices on goods. Because Mansa Musa gave away so much gold on his journey to the pilgrimage it devalued the metal for the next decade in the cities he visited like Cairo. Therefore, on his way back from Mecca he borrowed all the gold back at the
Mansa Musa was the emperor of Mali when he made a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324. He received piety and generosity and he earned his respect from the local populations of Egypt. During quest he brought 60,000 people and 12,000 were slaves. Also he had 500 slaves carry golden staffs. He spent so much of this gold that there was an economic crash in Cairo, which people still felt 12 years after he left.
The early Islamic empire expanded by using different methods such as conquering lands, spreading their religion, treaties, or bribery. According to document B, “We [Abd al-Aziz’s forces] will not harass him [Theodmir], nor remove him from power.” The Muslims spread their religion and many people converted though the Muslims made treaties to keep peace between different lands. Muslims did have to conquer lands where people did not want to convert. According to document A, “The Muslims gathered together, and the Greek army marched against them… The battle they fought at al-Yarmuk was of the fiercest and bloodiest kind.” The Muslims fought very hard to get more land. The document also stated that women took part in the fight. This document could
There are 5 pillars of Islam, one being a Hajj to Mecca, that Muslims take part in to prove that they are good Muslims. Mansa Musa went on a Hajj for his religion, but he had other intentions for participating in this journey. Mansa Musa was a very wealthy leader of Mali who decided to go on this pilgrimage to Mecca to complete one of the 5 pillars of Islam, and he gave some of his gold to people who lived in the cities along the way where salt was abundant and gold was very valuable.
What drives people to undertake a mission? Most of the time, people have some type of experience in their life that marked them in some way, so they want to make good decisions when it comes to protecting their families and friends ,mostly everyone wants to keep the people they care about safe, like Farah Ahmedi that lost her brothers and father ,and to keep herself and her mother safe, she had to reach freedom, or like Bilbo Baggins ,he took the choice of going on an unexpected journey for his friends, and Walt Masters ,he was able to risk his life so he didn't disappoint his dad. All these characters were doing the right thing to don't let their families or friends down.