This book is comprised of three parts namely the historical background, the contemporary dismissal of conscience and conscience as a key to virtue ethics and that which makes it crucial in this research for it presents some important topics. In the first Chapter the author discussed the classical background and different notions of famous philosophers and thinkers regarding conscience like Aquinas, Bonaventure, Scotus, Ockham and Luther. In Chapter II the author discussed the existence of conscience, traditional views in conscience and different notions of conscience according to Freud and Ryle. While on the last Chapter conscience is distinguished from the virtue ethics, from the virtue ethicists, and from other virtues. In the historical background, the author included the concept of St. Bonaventure’ conscience and synderesis.
These are questions that have been pursued through the ages and in this essay, I will be investigating the theory behind the identification of my own signature strengths and corresponding virtues as proposed by Seligman and Peterson (2004), touching on the ideas behind the theory of positive psychology (Peterson, 2006). I will examine how these strengths affect my life, briefly contemplate weakness and the ‘shadow’ sides of my attributes, as first described by C.G Jung (1953) and finally, investigate how my strengths might be developed. Martin Seligman (1998 as cited in Compton & Hoffman, 2013) while president of the American Psychological Association (AMA) reminded psychologists of the following: “Psychology is not just the study of weakness and damage; it is also the study of strength and virtue. Treatment is not just fixing what is broken; it is nurturing what is best within us.” (p. 1). Seligman conceived the term Positive Psychology (Lopez, Teramoto Pedrotti, & Snyder, 2015), a concept with ideas that goes beyond the balance and principle ascribed by Aristotle; aiming to develop individual strength and subscribing to the idea of living a good life, focusing on what is already working with an individual and what is
Summer Reading Assignment Jay Heinrichs in the novel Thank You For Arguing, asserts the reader that every argument has three basic steps: simulating the audience’s emotions, changing the audience’s opinion, and getting the audience to do or choose something. Heinrichs supports his assertion by defining the three types of argument... The Greek Philosopher Aristotle determined the three kinds of argument as forensic argument (which deals with balme and takes place mostly in past tense), demonstrative argument (which deals with values and morals and usually takes place in the present tense), and finally deliberative argument (which deals with choices and decision making and usually takes place in the future tense). The author’s purpose is point out the main techniques on how to win an argument by either simulating the audience’s emotions, changing the audience’s opinion, or ny getting the audience to do or choose something. The author writes in a formal yet contemptuous tone for the reader.
Egan explains that there are different types of narration within the text that all serve their own purposes and make the Zuo zhuan unique to other texts and historically valuable. While Confucius and other contributors to the Chunqiu are more forward in their narration of their own values and moral standings, the narrator of the Zuo zhuan takes a much more furtive approach, where he attempts to utilize the characters within the story to accurately express history and his opinions. This brings us to his first narrative technique, which Egan describes as “silence of the narrator” where “as the author removes himself from overt control and interpretation of his material, his covert manipulation must increase.” The Zuo zhuan includes numerous scenes of battles and historically notable conversations between war figureheads, which are included because of their significance and the lessons to be learned from them. However, the author of the Zuo zhuan only offers simple introductions and essential background information before describing historical events. The lessons and values of these events lie within the dialogue, speeches, and events themselves, as “it is rare that the cause or significance of an event is specifically identified.” Therefore, only provided with necessary historical data, it is up to the reader to come to conclusions about the significance of the material in the Zuo zhuan, which is arguably more meaningful than being directly explained or told what to gather from reading, like in the Chunqiu
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTORY MATTERS TO THE EXEGESIS 1. Introduction In this chapter and the next chapter, I am going to carry out an exegesis of Hosea 3:1-5. We shall thus treat the introductory matters of the subject. In this disposition, we shall examine the text of Hosea 3:1-5 in a bid to establish its starting point and ending point. Once the terminus a quo and the terminus ad quem of the passage have been properly established, the author will delve into the textual criticism of the text.
This essay is based on the theme Appearance vs. Reality related to the four readings studied in class (Descartes mediations, Berkeley dialogues 1 and 2, Russell 1 and Plato’s apology of Socrates). The theme appearance vs. Reality is twofold; in order to understand this theme one may need to ask themselves these two simple questions, are we justified in believing that the world or reality is as it appears? And why or how we are (or are not) justified believing that it is?
Friendship is a radically different relationship amongst the five primary cardinal relationship mentioned in the WuLun (五伦). In this essay, we will be exploring the concept of friendship in the view of the Early Confucians thinkers and whether it is necessary for friendship to be grounded in commitment to the good. This is an important issue as Confucius himself always advocates cultivating of virtues. Lastly, this essay will also be explaining why Early Confucians thinkers believe it is necessary for friendship to be grounded in commitment to the good, and how it is still applicable in today’s context. Firstly, how does one make friends?
Chapter one is the introduction,it point out the problem and purpose of comparative study,and also introduces the research methods of translation contrast,the framework of the collection of corpus and the whole paper. Chapter two expounds the current translation situation of the novel "Camel Xiangzi " .First, the author reviews the history of Chinese literary translation and the application of the strategy of adding and reducing translation to literary translation.To explain this more deeply,the author enumerates several successful translations of Chinese literary works.Then the author makes a brief introduction to Lao She, the novel Camel Xiangzi and his writing features and the representative works of many translations. Chapter three introduces the theoretical framework, including the introduction, definition and development of the two translation strategies, including the increasing translation and the subtracting translation, as well as the domestic and foreign debates on this issue. Chapter four is the theme of the thesis. According to the examples and theories in the previous chapters, the two English versions of "camel Xiangzi" are compared and
Once again, it can be seen, that this explanatory approach was drawn from Montesquieu's model, which encouraged Gibbon to speculate about sociological and political-scientific contexts. Nevertheless, his style in this chapter remains narrative and even if he makes excurses on the topics mentioned, he returns to his focus. He illuminates the named characters, by individual, which means they begin with an exposition, after which the character of each emperor and his rivals is presented. This is followed by a description of the most important events, an evaluation of the Emperor and of his opponents, which is rounded off by a final assessment. The consequence of this narrative perspective can be assumed that the narration has accelerated, and it may appear, that the empire has been leaded in a rapid change of rulers into the chaos.
How does the author introduce major themes in the beginning of the Life of Pi? At the the beginning of the novel Yann Martel enlightens the audience on several major themes that are than being explored in its second and third part. Some of the major themes that the author introduces at the beginning of the book is the loss of innocence, religion, the definition of freedom, the primacy of survival and other majors themes. Ways of how one of the many major themes that were introduced, will be explored in the essay. The theme that will be discussed is loss of innocence.