INTRODUCTION Gender variation in language is one of the areas that being studied in sociolinguistics for the reason that it is very much related with varieties of speech, social norms and a lot more. Thus, in my articles review, I will discuss on the linkage between gender and language since gender issues have become connected with the issue of language. There are a lot of arguments on social differences between men 's and women 's roles that affects language use. This includes speech practices that associated with both genders such as minimal response, questioning, turn- taking, changing the topic of conversation, self-disclosure, verbal aggression, dominance versus subjection and so on. However, the patterns in gender and also communication that follow are only the norms for each gender but not all members of particular gender may follow the specific gender role that are prescribed by society.
Introduction and thesis: The topic chosen for this essay concerns the relationship between racial profiling and sentencing. It is relevant to the course material because it concerns the ways someone is treated depending on his or her ethnic origins, and it makes it an interesting sociological and criminological phenomena. This is the reason why I chose to write on this topic, and because I find it an important issue in our society. This essay will demonstrates that visible minorities are more likely to be subjects to harsher sentencing than the majority, and more than them. Literature review: Our society is made of a majority and minorities, and it allows diversity.
Introduction: What is the problem? Recently, news about suicide cases on telephone and newspaper appeared frequently. 22 cases were reported since the first academic year last September 2015. The number of cases reached the annual average cases in last five years. (Lau, 2016) Suicides are a tragedy and global issue that are preventable (WHO, 2014).
It is known that the media has always had an influence on society. It has easily stimulated the creation of gender norms and easily become one of the most prominent parts of gender socialization today. Gender norms determine how society views gender and what is admissible in daily living. According to Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, gender socialization is “learning society’s ‘gender map,’ the paths in life set out for us because we are male or female.” It comes about through family, education, and peers, as well as mass media. There is a wide range of media, including magazines, books, the television, and music that can contribute to this concept.
Provided that discourse analysis is subjective, and by the same token by adherence to pragmatic theories , the truth is also subjective and relative; hence, this study has adopted a new approach to research analysis. There have been many contributions to the political discourse of the media (see: Wood & Kroger, 2000); however, the subjectivity of the frameworks and also the liberty to apply less appropriate models leads to diversity and sometimes inconsistency in the results. Given all that, this study has employed a cluster of methodologies in an endeavor to present the most reliable findings. Discourse analysis is an interdisciplinary discipline. It is also interested in the analysis of the various contexts of discourse, that is, in the cognitive processes of production and reception and in the sociocultural dimensions of language use and communication.
Clearly there is much controversy surrounding this issue as it can create many effects within a nations, both positive and negative. Disputes about the Refugee influxes include racial discrimination, displacement of people, homelessness, overpopulation and many more however along with these come positive effects that migrants have on a nation, such as enhancing our vibrant multicultural population, introducing skills and capital introduced into Australia, new businesses developed by refugees, refugees contributions to technology and increased access to and knowledge of international business
Viewers perceive the stereotype and ideal contents of races and genders through the media because it is an important element which affects the socializing, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors of its people (Gunter 21, n.d.). As the media has become the main source of information, audiences in the different part of the world perceive different meanings of gender roles and tend to have more stereotypical ideas about it. It is quite clear that
Academically, it has become widely accepted that the media plays a crucial role in the assimilation of migrants and ethnic minorities into their hosting societies. The members of the receiving society are influenced by the presentation of migrants in the media, while migrants through the use of mainstream and ethnic media. As Lippmann defined it in 1922, the media (in this case specifically print media) creates certain images in our minds that vary somewhat from the world outside. Regularly, the main experience one has with a specific issue, territory, or social gathering is the mental picture that one makes about these aspects, and this is, to a great extent, filtered through the media. This limited experience is magnified by the highly complex
Parsis , non-Hindu religious minority, are perhaps the only community which has experienced dramatic population and fertility decline outside Europe (Coale, 1973; Coale and Watkin, 1986). India has one billion plus population characterized by wide cultural differences among different communities within the national territory (Kulke, 1974). Various population policies floated at different points in time over the past 60 years by the Indian government have offered incentives in various forms to its people for restricting family sizes, in order to arrest the rate of population growth. However, the Parsi community in India has consistently exhibited an exceptional decline in its population count.. The community members are not mandated to register births at a central Registry either under the aegis of the government or under that of the Bombay Parsi Panchayat- the apex body of the community.
Yet bonded labour is so rampant in India that it could be seen even in official records. According to a study conducted by the Programme Evaluation Organisation of the Planning Commission, Vigilance Committees, which are mandatory, have either not been constituted in many states or they are non-functional. The Government of India reported to the ILO that up to 31st March, 2000, 2,88,411 bonded labourers were identified through the Vigilance Committees. Out of this number 2,51,569 bonded labourers have been rehabilitated, 19,962 freed labourers have either died or migrated to other parts of the country and another 8,880 identified bonded labourers are under the process of rehabilitation. In 1999, United States, Department of States found the following types of servitude labour in India: bonded labour, forced labour, indentured and bonded child labour, forced prostitution, contracting prison labour to private employers and brothels.