Mongol Influence On Eurasia

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During the half millennium from about 1000 to 1500 c.e, Mongol people of Eurasia played a larger role than ever before, establishing the largest land empire in history. The mongol empire had a large influence in shaping the continent of Eurasia both politically and economically. Beginning at the conquest of Genghis Khan, The Mongol Empire stretched throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The economic effects of Mongol rule were similar and benefitted both China and the Middle East with the support of trade throughout both empires. However,politically mongol rule within china and the middle east differed greatly.
Much of the success of the Mongols came from their support of trade especially along the silk road, which connected lands such
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Mongol rule through the middle especially Persia. In lands such as Persia, Mongol rulers made important concessions towards local rule, even though the Mongols established the highest government positions for themselves, many Persians within government were able to keep their jobs and basically govern the Ilkanate. By displaying this toleration towards the Persians and their already established government system, the Persians were looked as almost equals to the Mongols, which kept Persian influence very prominent in the empire. This toleration also helped create a peaceful empire without rebellions and hatred directed towards the Mongols. In china, however, Mongols acted as superiors to the Chinese, stripping them of any government positions and basically separating themselves from the Chinese. Because of this derision from the Mongols toward the Chinese, Mongols faced rebellion from the Chinese population that was uncontrollable. Eventually in 1368, the Mongol empire was taken over by rebel forces because of the hatred towards Mongol overlords and their unjust ruling. Leadership from the Mongols in china and the Middle East differed greatly and for Persia lead to beneficial for the empire while Mongol rule in china eventually lead to the decline of the…show more content…
In Persia, paper money was introduced to fix financial problems due to excessive spending. The ilkhan ordered all subjects to accept the new currency as payment. The paper money was looked as worthless by the general public, and merchants closed shops, bringing commerce to a halt. When commerce through the empire came to a stop, the already declining empire began to completely collapse. In china, paper money was introduced in the Song and Tang dynasties and was continued by the Mongols. However, people in china lost confidence in the currency due to inadequate reserves of bullion for paper notes, which created a rise in prices. The diminished value of paper money became one of the major reasons for the decline of the Yuan dynasty. Although paper money was introduced at different times and for different reasons, under mongol rule, the decline of both empires was partly due to the loss of confidence in paper
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