The results were observed and recorded. LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1: showing the result data for the different mud compositions; their corresponding temperatures and resistivity. Table 1.2: showing the result data from the nomograph of the different mud compositions and their concentration of chloride in ppm & percentages. LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1.1: Analog Resistivity Meter Figure 1.2: Beaker Figure 1.3: Spatula Figure 1.4: Mixer
Loads on the rock will affect the core’s permeability to fluids, so it is important to duplicate them during testing. The injection pressure at the core face is measured using a pressure transducer and the gas flow rate is measured using a precision mass flow meter. An excel spreadsheet calculation template allows for calculation of gas
Pump (P-02) Analysis P101 is located between the electrostatic coalesce and the floating storage unit. Pump P-02 is required to pump a flow(S10) which consists of heavy crude oil into the floating storage unit. There will be pressure losses from pipe length and pipe fittings such as check valves. Centrifugal pumps are used as they are relatively inexpensive and they have few moving parts, therefore tend to have greater onstream availability. Assumptions There are some assumptions that were involved in the calculations that I have made.
Abstract: The study of three phase flow in horizontal and vertical pipe are important phenomena in oil and gas industry due to extracting process involve liquid, solid and gas phase. The effect of the particle amount, the discharge of gas and liquid have investigated experimentally on pressure distribution in horizontal pipe have been studied in this work. The work carried out for horizontal pipe with outer diameter (3.175 cm). A spherical stainless steel has used as solid particle. Air and water have used as gas and liquid phase respectively.
STIMULATION OF PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON DEGRADATION IN SOIL GAYATHRI.M DATE OF SUBMISSION:19-12-2017. ABSTRACT: Hydrocarbon are mainly the pollutants from oil refineries and oil spills. These pollutants can be degraded by a consortium or cocktail of microorganisms e.g. pseudomonas, Corynebacterium, Arthobacter, Mycobacterium and nocardia. Biodegradation has at least three outcomes (1) a minor change in an organic molecule, leaving the main structure still intact;(2) Fragmentation of a complex organic molecule in such a way that the fragments could be reassembled to yield the original structure; and (3) complete mineralisation, which is transformation of organic molecules to inorganic forms.
STABILIZATION OF CLAYEY SOIL USING CHEMICALS Bhawna Sahay1, Prof. V.K.Arora2 ABSTRACT: Soil stabilization is a technique of enhancing the geotechnical properties and strength of soil to modify the bearing capacity and durability of weak soil. There are numerous methods of stabilising the soil such as soil replacement , grouting ,reinforcing ,chemical, mechanical, electrical method, using additives such as fly ash, rice husk, gypsum and cement. Chemical stabilization with lime and sodium hydroxide is time saving method. All these chemicals are highly reactive in nature and react with clay particles during stabilization process which leads to improve the geotechnical properties of soil. KEY WORDS: stabilization; optimum
Objectives: 1- To comprehend the significance of hardness test in engineering. 2- To figure out how to utilize Brinell, Rockwell and Vickers hardness testers to experiment different material. 3- The results of these tests will be connected to the tensile tests. Introduction: Hardness is for the most part considered as protection from infiltration. If the materials become harder it will cause much more protection from infiltration.
Experimental, analytical and FEM analysis of passive CLD, FLD and patched layer treatment to reduce vibrations with different viscoelastic materials Pankaj R. Beldar, Prof.D.V.Kushare ABSTRACT- Vibrations of structures may cause many problems such as structural fatigue, unbalanced forces in machines, external excitations. It is important to reduce these unwanted vibrations, in order to increase the lifetime of structures. One of the technique adapted for the suppress severity of vibration is passive vibration technique which is used in structural dynamics to control vibration. Passive damping method is adding a layer of damping which is highly dissipative material like viscoelastic material and applied to metal objects to increase the damping in the total structure. Adding
This chapter includes a literature review of the structure of soils and their minerals, especially montmorillonite and kaolinite, they are the predominant clay minerals found in natural soil. In general the problems of expansive clay are also discussed together with natural soil stabilization. Special consideration is given to Sugarcane bagasse ash stabilization, including the general soil-Sugarcane bagasse ash reactions, effect of Sugarcane bagasse ash on compaction characteristics, plasticity, volume stability and strength. The changes which occur in clay soil when Sugarcane bagasse ash is added can be divided into two categories, modification and stabilization. During modification calcium ions are absorbed by clay particles in cation exchange reactions.
You need to specify the right amount of thickness according to your use. The small size filters have better bending strength which will be useful in larger castings. Also for extensive casting times, it works great. Selecting the appropriate size affects the productivity of the plant. The pressure-free casting method avoids re-oxidation of the molten aluminum.