According to David Myers, author of Myers’ Psychology for AP, he details that there are “five main” stages of sleep everyone experiences at night. The stages of sleep play a distinct role in our circadian rhythm, the twenty-four hour cycle of living beings physiological processes (Myers 226). In order to have a full understanding of sleep, it is essential to be able to distinguish between the following stages of sleep: light sleep, sleep spindles, deep sleep, and rapid eye
Thanks Vita for a very detailed explanation of the different sleep-wake disorders and their treatment methods. A case review case study journal explained different cases pertaining to the different types of sleep-wake disorders. Identifying the type of sleep-wake disorder being experienced definitely will help treat the right sleep disorder like you said. The next step to treatment is to educate the client effectively in order to encourage compliance with treatment plan (Gamaldo, Sloane, Gamaldo, & Salas, 2015). For example, teaching a client who is claustrophobic to wear prescribed CPAP for a sleep apnea will be very important to minimize fear, and understand that the benefits outweighs the risk (Gamaldo et al., 2015).
The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system are two divisions of the autonomic nervous system of the body. They are very closely related and coordinated with each other and regulate the unconscious functions of the body. The autonomic nervous system is responsible for our involuntary reactions and controls our heart beat, digestive processes, blood flow and hormone production. This means that we can’t consciously control whether our heart beats or not. The sympathetic nervous system prepares our body for the flight or fight response. If we are in an emergency situation, the sympathetic nervous system gets our body ready to either fight the enemy or run away from
In Matt McCarthy’s Nap Time, he discusses the “most mysterious” of all needs - sleep. McCarthy uses the story of Mike Napoli to introduce this topic. Napoli’s story of his struggle with severe sleep apnea includes some abnormal elements. Firstly, he cites his “first dream in a decade” that he can actually remember (p. 49). The reason Napoli is now able to remember his dreams is due to the fact that he is no longer waking up “fifty to one hundred times a night,” Due to a seven-hour procedure called maxillomandibular advancement, the Red Sox first baseman is now able to enjoy a restful slumber. The procedure, which is another peculiar element of Napoli’s story, involved simply a small power saw used to cut and reconstruct
This is a 42-year-old female with a 2/7/2015 date of injury. A specific mechanism of injury has not been described.
There are two points of view of the evolutionary history of the seal, the first view is the eared seals came from a bear like ancestor and the earless seal came from a otter like ancestor due to some similar function of the internal and external organs . The second view is that seals came from the monophyletic group and in a certain point they share a common ancestor. There was an animal called the enaliarctos and it was the last common ancestor of the seals. This animals spent more time on land than in the water than any other pinnipeds. The enaliarctos swim in the water while using both the foreflippers and hind flippers. In modern seals they do not use the foreflippers, they use their tails for steering in the water and the hind flippers
In today’s busy world people are constantly consumed by technology 24/7 and other distractions that prevent beauty sleep. Ask any average American or full time college student and they might tell you they are suffering from a lack of sleep. In “Has modern life perverted the experience?” author Rubin Naiman attempts to convince readers that in the daily pursuit of full nights’ rest they shouldn’t rely on addictive over the counter sleep medications. Published for the newsletter blog Arts & Letters Daily, Naiman goes to great lengths to explain the side of effects of minimal sleep and artificial sleep aids. Readers who find the topic of slumber unusually gratifying might find this quite boring due to writers lack of simple solutions for the certitude the article spends almost six pages complaining about such as
Identify ONE Primary with ICD 10 code diagnosis given the information in part one and part two together.
“Narcolepsy is a chronic disease of the central nervous system”... “that involves poor control of sleep wake cycles” brain disorder that involves poor control of sleep-wake cycles” (“Narcolepsy Fact Sheet”). In addition to that, “narcolepsy is a chronic disease of the central nervous system” (Cunha,Shiel Jr.). This disorder usually begins in teenage years or young adults and affects both males and females the same. Also narcolepsy affects one in every 3,000 people. People can also experience other sleep disorders like sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and insomnia (Mayo Clinic Staff). For example, people can fall asleep while doing everyday tasks. Due to the rise of narcolepsy diagnoses in America, many doctors have done multiple tests.
The management for narcolepsy asserts, "The consensus is that regular nocturnal sleep habits and attention to keep hygiene helps to minimize excessive daytime sleepiness and some evidence...."( Zaman, 727). Many people have an improvement in their symptoms if they maintain a regular sleep schedule, usually seven to eight hours per night. Also, a fifteen minutes nap throughout the day can be an effective way to cure narcolepsy. Individuals should avoid heavy meals, alcohol, and exercise regularly in order to maintain a healthy body in response to defend narcolepsy. Drugs that act as a stimulant like Ritalin, Provigil, Nuvigil, antidepressants and Xyrem are among the effective standard treatments for the
b) The mammalian nervous system is split into two. The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord, which coordinates and controls the movement and activities of the body and the peripheral nervous system, made up of the somatic and autonomic system, which forms the connections between the organs and the central nervous system.
There are five stages in the sleep cycle, non-REM sleep covers 80% of one's sleep cycle, 20% is covered by REM. Rapid eye movement sleep is a state that normally occurs within 90 minutes of one falling asleep. This sleep state is characterized by random eye movement, low muscle tone, vivid dreaming, irregular heartbeat and breathing, as well as high brain activity. The brain activity during (REM) is comparable to the brain waves one would have while awake and functioning. Within an eight hour period the sleep stages cycle four to six times.
Sleepless in American is a National Geographic documentary on the lack of sleep Americans are receiving each night. The film starts with the statistic that “40% of American adults are sleep deprived” and followed with different effects of sleep deprivation such as: weight gain, delayed reaction time, depression, anxiety, speeds the growth of cancer, and has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease. Although, there is no scientific evidence to support the need for sleep, it is an important process that allows our bodies to function properly.
There are two main organs/ structures that are affected by epilepsy. These structures are the brain and the nervous system. The brain, which is located in the skull, is the largest and most complex organ in the body. It is known as the coordination center, and its role consists of coordinating the areas of sensation, intellectual, and nervous activity. The nervous system is how the body transmits signals between different parts of the body. It consists of two parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The central nervous system, which is found in the brain and the spinal cord, is the control center for where decisions are made. The peripheral nervous system is located throughout the body, and it sends signals
There are up to seventy types of sleep disorders including insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome. The most prevalent is insomnia because most victims do not sleep because they simply cannot. Sleep apnea in which breathing stops and starts must have treatment to participate in one’s daily routine. Restless leg syndrome is a condition that causes an irresistible urge to move one’s leg and prevent sleep. These are three of the seventy types of sleep disorders that affect one’s sleep (Stoppler).