The chances of sexual abuse are higher if the child is developmentally handicapped or vulnerable in some other ways. Sexual abuse is more likely to happen to a female then a male. Sexual abuse can also appear when adult or caretaker has intercourse with their child. Having sex with a child that is under age with is nasty, cruel, and intrinsically wrong. When one touches a child inappropriately, it is considered as sexual abuse.
Also, it prompts destructive ways of handling disputes, which ultimately leads to emotional pain. The instability adversely affects the adolescents as they mature. Teens in divorced families inculcate behavioral problems, which have significant effects on the incidence of crime rates. Children who witness marital discord are more likely to engage in criminal acts. A research has validated associations between exposure to marital discord and parental divorce while growing up and children’s psychological distress in adulthood (Amato & Sobolewski 2001).
Furthermore, the psychodynamic theory proposed that "criminals are frustrated and aggravated" due to negative events in their childhood which affect the individual 's unconscious. Osibin may have suffered from oppositional defiant disorder because she can easily have lost her temper and had an argument with her mother before deciding to shoot her in the head. Both the social learning theory and the psychodynamic theory emphasized that Alicia Osibin could have been exposed to early childhood aggression that resulted in an oppositional defiant
As highlighted earlier,when sufficient time passes, such an encounter might become a reality, particularly where the parties belong to the same familial structure. Skelton points out that many sexual offences committed by child offenders are not of a violent nature: “Children sometimes have wrong perceptions about sex and act inappropriately, and in those situations restorative justice can work.” Inadequately trained facilitators/probation officers may cause victim offender mediation or a family-group conference to fail. Poor facilitation may thus lead to parties abusing each other. In addition, grossly disproportionate conditions may be set and even recommended to the court.  Davies et al116 highlights another valid concern, namely that role-players working with the child offender may find it difficult to accept their role in relation to the victim as
Since divorce rates are increasing, the effects of divorce on children should be well researched especially that during the time where there parents are getting divorced they are still expected to attend school and live a regular life. In general There are a lot of psychological effects that divorce inflicts on children and teenagers. It can sometimes lead to very negative behavior and sometimes depression. ?. The significance of the study is to show the psychological effects of divorce on children and teenagers and to raise awareness that divorce is a serious social crises which should be avoided the significance of my research is the psychological effects of divorce on children and how does it affects them.
Numerous studies have shown that domestic violence has a huge impact on children and teenagers and can lead to internal and external behavioral problems. These can include aggression, anxiety and depression. When children are exposed to violence or abuse, it affects them tremendously when they become teenagers. Adolescence is a time when a person is figuring out who they are and their self-esteem will develop either confidently or not so confidently. When abuse has been in the picture, it is very difficult for an adolescence to develop to their full potential and delinquency can occur.
In support of M. Woodhead, a journal article provides statements and data validating the previous claims of mental consequences of child labor. In their journal article “Physical & Psychological Hazards Faced by Child Labour”, Sarita Bharti and Dr. Shalini Agarwal state that 40 percent of the children in their research showed deviant psychological development hindering their mental progress, resulting in introverted and uncommunicative personalities (p.32). This illustrates that social interaction is vital to children’s social skills. When children are robbed of the opportunity to interact with others their age, there’s a clear psychological abnormality. Children have
They have also noted that these adults who offend choose to replicate their sexual abuse experience as a child or adolescent with a victim of the same age as they were (Glasser, Kolvin, Campbell, Glasser, Leitch and Farrelly, 2001: 482). According to Hall (1996:58) sexually abused children are at risk of becoming sexually aggressive. As these children are sometimes rewarded for their engagement in sexual relations, these children may use these sexual behaviours as a means of manipulation when they themselves become sexual offenders. When sexual aggressive behaviour is experienced, the victim might identify with the offender rather than forming a victim identity (Hall, 1996: 58; Erikson, 1963: 14). Hall mentions that a developmental approach to the occurrence and cycle of sexual aggression explains how different cognitive distortions come to
Still, through childhood experiences we are able to curve the inclinations with developmental inner regulators absorbed by the practice of socialization. children with poor social experiences are capable of developing disturbances within their personality which causes them to have antisocial impulses bother inward and outward. One of Freud's hypothesizes was broken identification by children with their parents was a mutual part contributing to criminal behaviors. Adolescents that direct their antisocial impulses outwards develop criminal tendencies, while the children who direct these urges inward become neurotic. Within Freud's theory of the Defense Mechanisms, he discovers the unconscious mind is the cause of individual behaviors (Freud, S 1930).
2003). The parenting process or involvement shows a relation to violence and low self-esteem. According to Pflieger and Vazsonyi (2006) there is a direct effect on violence and an indirect effect with a mediator variable of adolescents’ low self-esteem, especially as regards dating violence among students attending high school. More recent research focuses on cohabitation can be related to delinquency. In general, studies find children who live in cohabitating households are much more likely to participate in juvenile delinquency compared to those in two-biological-parent households (Apel & Kaukinen, 2008; Kierkus, 2010; Manning & Lamb,