After the defeat of Antony in Parthia, he rejected Octavia, his wife and Octavian’s half sister, and returned to Cleopatra and Egypt. In 34 B.C, during a pubic celebration, Mark Antony declared Caesarion Caesar’s rightful heir and gave land to each of his children with Cleopatra. Octavian was furious and claimed that Antony was under Cleopatra’s control and would abandon Rome. The Roman Senate stripped Antony of all his titles in 32 B. C. and Octavian declared war on
to 479 B.C.E. Persia began to invade the Ionian Empire. The Ionians asked help from the Greek City-States, their attempt to help did not prevail and the Greeks ended up getting invaded by the Persians. Persia was defeated and conquered by Alexander the Great in Greece. Era 3: 600 – 1450 Temϋjin: Temϋjin, later known as “Chinggis Khan”, unified various Mongol tribes into a powerful alliance that created the biggest empire in the world.
Ionia was situated on the western coast of Asia Minor and the neighboring islands. The country was inhabited by Greeks around 1000 BC. Around 8th and 6th centuries the Ionian cities Miletus, Samos and Eoufes were flourishing Greek colonies that dealt with a large part of the ancient trade and culture. In 550BC Lydia conquered Ionia, and later in 546 BC Persia ruled by Cyrus the Great took over the entire region. Ionians revolted against the Persian rule in 499 BC and the uprising continued for 6 long years.
The Trojan War, part of Greek history, was a war between Greek soldiers and the Trojans. This war took place after Paris, King of Troy abducted Helen, the wife of the Spartan ruler, Menelaus. The ruler and his Greek citizens demanded the return of Helen, yet the abductor refused. Greek troops gathered and went to war against Troy. After nine years of fighting and war, the Greeks who were led by Odysseus finally conquered Troy.
What was the cause for the Fall of Rome? When an empire falls, there was more than one cause. Despite its successful start as a thriving empire, Rome's fall was due to a number of events. Events such as, foreign invasions, military problems, and most importantly, legal injustice. Rome had begun in 750 BCE, as a peaceful, thriving settlement, until their government turned from a Republic into a dictatorship.
Greek Civilization Name of Author Name of Institution Greek Civilization The Greek archaic period, according to Lloyd, (c. 800- 479 BCE) started from what can only be termed indistinctness, and ended with the Persians being evicted from Greece for good after the battles of Plataea and Mykale in 479 BCE (2012). This period is then preceded by the Greek Dark Age (c.1100- 750 BCE), which is then followed by the Classical Period (c. 510- 323 BCE), with a documented period of Greek history, with misfortunes, amusements, antiquities, lawful cases and more surviving in the form of mythical and epigraphic sources. These periods gradually resulted in civilization of Greece as there were many evolutions and developments. The first two Greek civilizations were the Minoan civilization and the Mycenaean civilization. The Mycenaean civilization, according to Cartwright, began to flourish in the late Bronze Age, from the 15th to the 13th century BCE which was earlier influenced by the Minoan civilization.
Diamond’s third consideration in his five-point framework, hostile neighbors, also applies to the collapse of Minoan civilization, for the invasion by the Mycenaeans delivered the final blow to the civilization. Around 15th century BC, the Mycenaean civilization arose in mainland Greece through intimate trade with the Minoans. They were powerfully influenced by the Minoan culture, yet they were different from the Minoans in a respect that they had a military style. They built a massive fortification wall called Cyclopean around their palaces, and their standing army was equipped with substantial amount of metal
The weakened Persian Empire fell victim to an army of Muslims bent on global conquest. The Muslims quickly absorbed Persia into it’s rapidly expanding empire. Also, the Byzantine strongholds of Jerusalem, and Byzantine territory in Egypt and other parts of North Africa fell to the Muslims. The Muslim forces marched to the walls of Constantinople, but they were repelled by a Byzantine weapon known as “Greek fire,” an incendiary weapon that was developed in 672. They used it in naval battles.
"About 3500 years ago, the hot-blooded horse assumed the role of kingmaker in the East, including the Valley of the Nile and beyond, changing human history and the face of the world." (www.arabianhorses.org ) After the 16th century B.C the Arabian Horse appears on Egyptian seal rings, pillars and on the hieroglyphics monuments and some writings state the strength and bravery of the Arabian Horse, others tell about Arabian Horse creation, such as what king Solomon says 900 years ago about the beautiful horses of Pharaoh's Chariots:"thou shallst fly without wings and conquer without sword." Whilst Xenophon, the Greek horseman says in 490 B.C :"A noble animal which exhibits itself in all its beauty is something so lovely and wonderful that it fascinates young and old
talk about how india was the catalyst that started the downfall of the british empire because after the loss of india they had troubles in iran and egypt (suez canal crisis) and then had lost all their African colonies by 1960 After the War ended, an overall procedure of decolonization initiated in which England conceded independence to its colonies, starting by India. The English choice to give freedom to India emerged essentially out of the need. Gandhi 's acknowledged social developments inspired a key change in the impression of colonial power that inevitably prompted the breakdown of the British Colonial Empire. In India there were various uprisings and clashes that flared up throughout the span of the British occupation, however it wasn 't until Mohandas "Mahatma" Gandhi 's social endeavors, starting in India since 1915-1920 and ahead, that a different vision for India started to spread among normal. Gandhi convinced Indians to reject the British institutions and materials in a peaceful manner, this trend was eventually recognized as "Swadeshi."