Although the Mesopotamians and Egyptians of 3500 to 1500 B.C.E. were similar due to social hierarchy and power roles, nevertheless, the differences between Mesopotamians and Egyptians are evident with politics. This is because of the way Egyptians saw opposing countries as enemies and how Mesopotamians saw other countries as trading partners. The Mesopotamians viewed their priests as extremely powerful people, believing that priests were connected spiritually to the gods and worked hard to appease the gods. The priests would use this to their advantage. For example, selling amulets to citizens to ‘ward off evil spirits’ was just a business move for the priests to make more money and keep their power.
There are a variety of differences and similarities between Mesopotamia and Egypt River Valleys. Egypt has a very complex political organization, whereas Mesopotamia was more organized and had self-governing. Compared to women who lived in Mesopotamia, women in Egypt were more respected and had more rights. They received equal pay for doing the same jobs as men and didn 't have to work at home unlike Mesopotamia, where they had to be a housewife and take care of their children while the men worked outside. Women in Mesopotamia and Egypt were able to buy and own properties.
Although you might think Mesopotamia and Egypt are very similar, they also are very different. The reason for similarities and differences between these two civilizations are because of political, economic, religious, social, arts, and geography reasons. All these factors affect the culture of these two cities. Let’s analyze the differences and similarities between these two civilizations.
I believe that in Egypt a complex society emerged because of the location they chose to inhabit. The Egyptians had a more productive and protected area of land. The Nile River was predictable and made it easier to grow crops (Wallech, 2013, p. 54). In addition, the Egyptians had only one of four frontiers susceptible to invasion (p. 54).
The economic ways of both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in value and influence. These civilizations thrived on trade both within itself and with other civilizations. These cities like Sumer and Giza became important to the economic structures of the civilizations. The cities were the economic centers. They housed scribes who recorded taxes and transactions and architects who designed projects that became public works such as ziggurats and tombs.
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Shang/Zhou dynasties/China, and the Indus Valley are all different ancient river valley civilizations. All have different aspects of civilizations. Some aspects of civilization include technology, writing/language, specialized jobs, government, etc. These decisions were made based on the climate and biome the civilization was located in. These things needed to be taken into account because certain aspects of civilization were not suitable for every civilization.
Time Traveler 10 The Hittite and the Arab Empire were two powerful empires that thrived for more than 500 years across the Middle East. The Hittite and Arab Empire used the geography to aid them for hundreds of years. These two empires have many differences than similarities such as geography, size, and government. These differences controlled the way each Empire was ruled and why they had success and why the failed. They also had similarities that had positive and negative impacts upon the empires.
Joseph steele LAW AND ORDER IN MESOPOTAMIA If a sister of god open a tavern or enter one, then the women shall be burned to death. this was one of the laws in mesopotamia. there were two rivers called the tigris and euphrates rivers both of them had lots of benefits and were very challenging. two leaders named sargon and hammurabi figured out how to live through harsh times. sargon and hammurabi attempted to maintain law and order in mesopotamia by having power, and by having an army and many more.
Ancient Egypt was an advanced civilization because it had indicators of civilization. The Egyptian government was highly advanced for their time. It was ruled by the pharaoh. The Pharaoh had help from other officials including Viziers, nomarchs, and other officials.
The life of an Egyptian during ancient Egypt was very complicated and advanced for their time period. The Egyptians had to harness their surroundings in order to survive. The Egyptian gods played a major role in the creation of the religion of the Egyptians. The Egyptians had very unique forms of art that contributed to their culture and beliefs.
The ancient civilization of China gave us the paper we use today and spread many ideas throughout Asia. Although the Egyptians first invented the papyrus paper, it was the Chinese who first made paper out of trees, the paper we use today. They found this paper to be much easier to make. However, China did not make most of their income off of the new paper product; China obtained their wealth by selling silk. China is the only place where silkworms can be found naturally.